The process of organizing resources to manage future emergencies, crises, and disasters involves creating plans, protocols, and procedures. These should be based on reference scenarios that clarify the likely impact of major events in the future, and hence give an indication of the resources that will be needed when they occur. Emergency management is the process of matching urgent needs with available resources in a timely, efficient, and effective manner. The resources can broadly be classified as personnel, buildings, equipment (including vehicles), fuel, materials and supplies, decision support systems (including geographic information systems), communications, and organizational instruments.


The first resource to be used in emergency response is manpower. Scores of different agencies and organizations may participate in major disasters. They can be divided into the following ...

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