Obtaining clean and adequate water is a daily challenge for many communities, and is especially critical following a disaster. Relief agencies must assure that appropriate water systems are in place during a relief response to address the safe drinking water needs of the affected population. Relief agencies also should address other water-related health challenges through promoting sound sanitation practices and personal hygiene.

Along with food and shelter, safe water is the highest priority in disaster situations. Unless adequate potable (drinkable) and other water services are provided, morbidity and mortality will likely follow. Health problems are most often caused by insufficient water supply, inadequate sanitation practices, and poor hygiene. The main objective of a water supply system in disasters is to provide adequate water for human ...

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