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Terrorism has become mistakenly synonymous with the Muslim faith and religious fanaticism since the emergence of high-profile attacks of the past 20 years, and has become a truly global threat with the majority of nations now able to claim a direct link to the effects of a terrorist incident, be it their own citizens killed, or an attack on their home soil. The word terrorism can be traced to the Latin terrere, translated as “to frighten,” used in Rome during 105 B.C.E. to describe a state of emergency in response to armed attack.

The principal issue to date is a universal definition of terrorism that adequately fulfills the specific types of terrorism without counteracting other types of violent or criminal acts. The United Nations (UN) Security ...

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