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Private Sector, Role in Mitigation

  • By: Jane E. Rovins
  • In: Encyclopedia of Disaster Relief
  • Edited by: K. Bradley Penuel & Matt Statler
  • Subject:Public Health (general), Public Policy (general)

In the United States, the National Critical Infrastructure Advisory Council states that 85 percent of critical infrastructure nationally is privately owned. This includes water systems, power supply, hospitals, and other businesses. The private sector has two roles to play in the implementation and success of mitigation. Its role is to essentially protect a community and assist it in the implementation of mitigation, as defined as any long-term action to reduce disaster damage and loss of life as a result of a disaster. While one role is capitalistic and the other is supportive of community development and sustainability, they are not exclusive. These roles may change depending on the timing in relation to a disaster event.

Prior to a disaster event, it is essential for the private ...

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