Plato generally uses epistêmê (knowledge) and technê (art or craft) interchangeably, but in Philebus, he divides knowledge into two types: the first addressing education and philosophy and the second addressing production. The fact that technê is teachable is what makes it an epistêmê. From antiquity, the two types of knowledge are inseparable; education and technology will always require each other. Hence, Archimedes's planetarium, a device that communicated knowledge of heavenly bodies and the gods, was never fully didaskê (instruction), epistêmê, mechanê (mechanics), or technê. Etymologically, curriculum, a Latin term for race ground or race course, will always have a technological dimension, even as the infinitive cur-rere (to run, traverse) and the related cursu reference an experiential dimension. Both terms are first used in their modern ...

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