Teacher Education Curriculum, Preservice, History of

The curriculum of preservice teacher education evolved over an extensive period and in relationship to shifting social aspirations and demographics. Always embroiled in contention and reflected in the development and evolution of a set of unique institutions, by 1950 a pattern was set that placed teacher education in a 4-year undergraduate education that included 2 years of general studies, an academic major and minor, and professional studies. Professional studies for secondary preservice teachers comprised approximately 20% of the total program, whereas these courses made up about twice that amount for elementary teachers. The relative proportions of these three components have long been a source of debate. Against this backdrop, various curriculum reform efforts have been launched. Although debate continues about the value of teacher education ...

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