Bilingual curriculum, or a curriculum that is bilingual, refers to subject matter content taught and learned in two languages. Variations in instructional program models and teaching strategies are influenced by an intricate combination of issues including inadequate funding, national identity, teaching philosophies, and diverse political ideologies. In the United States, a bilingual curriculum includes English as one of the languages. Students enrolled in bilingual curricular programs are identified as English learners. One of the goals of a bilingual curriculum is to ensure that all students in public schools learn to speak English. A discussion of the history of bilingual education, current language policies, and instructional program models follow.

Decades of theory, scholarship, and empirical research have informed practices of a curriculum that is bilingual. Various ...

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