Quantitative research, in the context of curriculum studies, is defined as research about curriculum that collects and analyzes information and data that are represented by numbers. In this entry, quantitative facts, claims, and data are contrasted with qualitative information. Research methods and designs that are commonly used in quantitative research are identified and described. The last section of the entry addresses five central concepts that are used in the design and conduct of quantitative research: internal and external validity, hypothesis testing, and reproducibility and generalizability.

Quantitative versus Qualitative Facts, Claims, and Variables

Research studies, whether they are described as quantitative or qualitative, involve the use of facts, claims, and variables. Facts, claims, and variables that are represented by numbers are regarded as quantitative information. Facts, claims, ...

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