Instructional design involves a range of processes created to control the learning environment. A number of theories and disciplines have influenced instructional design, particularly cognitive and behavioral psychology. Based on these premises, instructional designers control responses to instruction based upon the intentional design of the curriculum and pedagogy within a learning environment.


Instructional design emerged within education as a response to the need for massive training needs during World War II. Following World War II, instructional design became a prominent force in business and industry training more so than in public education. Early instructional design was based upon B. F. Skinner's work, and training programs focused on observable behaviors. It was also influenced by the work of Ralph Tyler regarding instructional objectives to guide learning and ...

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