Educational Testing Service

The Educational Testing Service (ETS) was established in October 1947 to consolidate five testing offices including the College Entrance Examination Board (CEEB), Cooperative Test Service, and Graduate Record Office. The ETS received its charter as a nonprofit corporation in December 1947 from its New York office (Princeton University housed the main office). When the ETS was established, there was no national testing agency in the United States, although about 60 million tests were administered to 20 million people each year. Quickly expanding into a national institution, the ETS was created to produce and administer tests, enhance their technical features, and conduct psychometric research. However, it has never been clear whether the ETS is a testing agency, curriculum clearing house, or personnel records office. The ...

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