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LABOR CRIMES are violations of laws, treaties, or international conventions (referred to hereafter simply as laws) that govern workers' rights, labor unions, collective bargaining, and other aspects of employment for specific types of workers. The concept is sometimes used more generally to cover any abusive practices related to employment. Labor crimes can be committed by employers, by labor unions, or by individual workers.

Labor laws are based on the idea that there is an inequality of bargaining power between individual workers and employers, with employers holding a stronger position than workers. As a result, wages might be “too low,” while other working conditions, such as workload and working hours, might also be worse than they should be.

To remedy this inequality, labor laws define rights for workers ...

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