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GREENPEACE IS A non-governmental organization (NGO) that was established in 1971 to campaign for sustainable development and good environmental management, and against practices considered to be inimical to its goals. The original stimulus to create the group was to protest against the underground testing of nuclear devices by the U.S. government at the island of Amchitka off the coast of Alaska.

The method of protesting was to provide witnesses to activities that would otherwise have remained secret, alerting media, and attracting coverage. In some cases, passive physical resistance has been used, for example by placing small unarmed boats in the way of vessels believed to be carrying nuclear fuels. The activities and causes championed by Greenpeace have been so popular that it has become a ...

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