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France

AN IMPORTANT PROPAGANDA factor in preparing the French Revolution of 1789 was the Diamond Necklace Affair of the 1780s. Although just a trickery (a Cardinal was encouraged by impostors to corrupt Queen Marie-Antoinette with a necklace, which never reached her), it had an immense anti-feudal impact on French society. During the Revolution, corruption and usury of grain or bread dealers and armament suppliers were a constant theme; thus, the young Napoleon Bonaparte gained public favor with get-tough policies against abuse during his first campaign in Italy.

Corporate Crime

But the golden age of business crime and scandal in France was the Third Republic, especially the years from the 1880s to World War I. Some of the effects from this period are still important today, such as the ...

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