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THE GREEK PHILOSOPHER Plato (427–347 B.C.E.) believed that democracies were the “fairest” and “most beautiful” of all forms of constitutional government. However, as discussed at length in his classic work, The Republic, Plato also believed that a government ruled by the people would ultimately break down, because jealousy over one another's respective functions within the society, and improper decision making by an uneducated public would yield chaos, subsequently giving way to a desire for order and stability achievable only through despotism. Similarly, the Roman historian Polybius (c. 200–118 B.C.E.) noted that the “… desire for luxury, bribery for the sake of political power, and the substitution of eagerness for wealth …” in lieu of wise governance, results in corruption. For our purposes, corruption can be ...

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