Surrealism was an avant-garde art movement that originated in Paris in the 1920s. The key year was 1924, which saw the first issue of the review La Révolution Surréaliste, as well as the founding of the Bureau of Surrealist Research, and most famously of all, André Breton's Surrealist Manifesto. The movement had international ambitions and soon spread across Europe to the Americas (Latin America, the Caribbean, as well as the United States and Canada) and to parts of Asia (particularly Japan). As is clear from Breton's manifesto, surrealism sought to radically reduce the involvement of the rational, conscious mind in the making of art. Surrealist art often included an irrational juxtaposition of elements: elements that, although perfectly ordinary on their own, together produced unsettling affects. ...

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