Structuralism is a shared attitude among scholars that designates the salient field of events and observations. This is the case in many disciplines, but it has its most explicit statement in the human and cultural sciences, where the object, society, or structure is not visible. Any particular object, material or immaterial, has a nearly infinite number of characteristics, and it is the positing of a meaningful system that is the key role of the organization of a field among researchers. In common usage, structuralism refers to a mode of thinking and analysis by French intellectuals that was, at least in part, a reaction to existentialism, and became the dominant intellectual current from the 1950s to the 1970s. Although not exclusive to France or to culture, ...

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