The practice of packaging goods dates back to pre-industrial society, where packaging was commonly used for cereals, teas, and oils, although arguably the origins of packaging date back further than this. Around 300 BC, the Phoenicians invented the glass blowpipe, which was used to inflate glass into a hollow shape. The glass bottles that were produced using these blowpipes were some of the earliest forms of packaging and were critical to the containment of fluids, which otherwise obviously could not be transported or handled. Today, many different types of packaging exist, including paperboard cartons and boxes, metal cans, and plastic and glass bottles and jars, to name a few. Whatever type of packaging is used for a particular product, it must be effective in performing ...

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