Donation is the main avenue for obtaining organs and blood that became essential for high-tech medicine during the second part of the twentieth century. Donation is the gift of an organ or blood without any compensation or payment. Organ and blood donations are at the root of an uncommon economy in consumers' society. Scarcity, which is unusual in wealthy economies, characterizes the offer of organs and blood; it explains many debates about blood and organ procurement, for example, the morality of the donation of human body parts and tissues, the safety of blood given or sold, the issue of satisfying increasing demand, and the status of human body parts and tissues transformed into commodities.

Organizations and Technical Change

States, commercial and industrial firms, or nonlucrative organizations manage ...

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