Western architecture literally shaped the now-distinct public domains of consumption and production by designing buildings for specific purposes, so-called building types. There is a whole range of consumption-related building types, like the shop, department store, shopping mall, café, and bar. The factory, however, is the only production-related building type. In the age of the Industrial Revolution, the factory as a building type was developed to house machines and laborers for the mechanical mass production of goods. Although the first factory buildings referred in their scale and shape to older building types, such as the mansion, castle, or even the church, they gradually developed into the iconic building type of the factory, with a high chimney and highly pitched or slanted roof as its main architectural ...

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