The concept of craft production refers to work processes resulting in products where the design and manufacture are conducted by the same person more or less concurrently. The arts and crafts movement in the United Kingdom in the mid- and late-nineteenth century appears as the first explicit use of the notion of crafts and craftsmanship as a social critique. These notions served John Ruskin and William Morris in their critique of industrial production. Scholars such as C. Wright Mills and recently Richard Sennett have refined this critique of the authority of the machine in commanding human actors and addressed the appreciation of skills, engagement with work, and commitment to good quality as general phenomena of human activity. Sennett views crafts as a merger of design ...

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