Speech and Language Disorders


Both language and speech are essential components of verbal communication. Language refers to a set of signs, sounds, or symbols that are recognized as having meaning when produced in the context of a verbal community. Speech, on the other hand, is the mechanical process by which a speaker actually vocalizes the sounds that we call language. Although humans can express language through many media (vocal, written expression, motor movements), speech is by far the most common.

Within the broad topics of speech and language, various subcomponents exist. For example, language involves the use of both simple rules, such as how letters are combined to form functional words (phonology), and also how words interact with context to produce meaning (pragmatics). Similarly, components ...

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