A primary focus of the field of education is identifying effective procedures for changing a broad range of academic, social, and vocational behaviors. Accompanying this focus is a concern that desired changes in behavior will be maintained after instructional support is withdrawn. Although many educational interventions have demonstrated short-term effects, their efficacy at producing long-term, durable effects is less consistent. The true test of the effectiveness of most educational interventions is whether behaviors acquired by students will be maintained after an intervention has ceased.

Maintenance refers to the persistence of behavior over time after instruction, support, behavioral contingencies, or educational programs are withdrawn. A behavior can be said to be maintained if, after being acquired by an individual, improved performance continues over ...

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