Description of the Strategy

Overcorrection is a procedure developed by Richard Foxx and Nathan Azrin for the treatment of aggressive, disruptive, and self-stimulatory behavior exhibited by children and adults with mental retardation and autism. Since its development in the early 1970s, overcorrection has been used effectively for numerous problem behaviors exhibited by children with and without disabilities and for a variety of problem behaviors exhibited by adults with disabilities. In the overcorrection procedure, the caregiver (parent, teacher, staff person) requires the child to engage in an effortful activity for a specified period of time (e.g., 5–20 minutes) contingent on the occurrence of the problem behavior. In most cases, the caregiver uses physical guidance to get the child to engage in the effortful activity. ...

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