Memory Rehabilitation After Traumatic Brain Injury

Description of the Strategy

Memory functioning is often impaired when individuals experience traumatic brain injury (TBI). Techniques designed to improve memory functioning are drawn from cognitive theories that attempt to explain how learning and memory work. Since different types of injuries affect memory functioning differently, rehabilitation methods attempt to integrate conceptu-alizations such as levels of processing and stages of memory to take advantage of specific areas in which functioning is spared. As part of a comprehen-sive rehabilitation plan for such patients, the goals of memory rehabilitation are to decrease maladaptive behaviors resulting from memory impairment and increase adaptive functioning in patients' daily environments. Specific techniques for memory rehabilitation may be divided into three categories: (1) external aids, (2) internal compensatory approaches, and ...

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