Ba, as an aspect of the soul, was represented by a human-headed bird in ancient Kemet. The Ba speaks to the oneness and harmony with nature that is such a central theme in African cosmology. In the ancient Kemetic science of the soul, the Ba is the aspect of a person that represents the “soul of breath” dwelling within each human being. The Ba is often depicted as a bearded man, with the head of a hawk representing its simultaneous physical and spiritual/transcendental nature. It is this element of a person's being that represents the “world soul” that permeates the universe, existing within humankind and in the essence of all things.

The Ba is the corporeal element of the soul that represents the interconnected nature of ...

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