Transformation in the African religious world is spiritual, symbolic, and figurative. Instances of transformation are vividly described in African sacred and secular literature, such as the Book of the Coming Forth by Day, The Famished Road, and Palm-Wine Drinkard. The Dung Beetle (Khepera) of Kernet was the symbol of Transformation in a classical period of African history. The ancient Kemetic text illustrates transformation as it applies to the spiritual world. Ancient Africans spoke of transformation as part of a divine process in which the deceased passes through several phases of change in the transcendent world. Two clear examples of transformation are Amen Ra, who undergoes daily transformation, and the deceased emulating Ausar. Both repeatedly went through transformations on the path to becoming reborn or becoming ...

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