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A sphinx is a large stone statue depicting the body of a lion or lioness and the head of a woman, man, or animal, such as a sheep, hawk, or ram. A common sphinx in ancient Egypt was in the form of the body of a lion with the head of a human and the face of the current king or queen. The most prominent Egyptian sphinx is the Great Sphinx of Giza, a manifestation of the sun god, Re. Situated on a plateau and carved out of limestone, the Great Sphinx was erected to be a guardian and protector of nearby tombs from evil spirits.


These monuments, referred to generally by the name given to them by the Greeks, were common in Egypt and Greece. ...

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