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Mountains and hills are landforms with distinct summits, in limited areas, that extend above the surrounding terrain. The distinction between a mountain and a hill is culturally relative. The majority of Africa is composed of moderately elevated tablelands, broken occasionally by higher peaks and ridges. Thus, Africa possesses fewer extremes of elevation than other continents, with notable exceptions in the Mahgreb, Ethiopia, the Great Lakes region, and southern Africa.

In African religions, the landscape was considered to be part of the divine realm. Given the relative rarity of hills and mountains in many parts of Africa, and their glaring height above the surrounding landscape, it is little wonder that mountains and hills are generally viewed with awe and reverence. For some groups, mountains play a role ...

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