An Introduction to Transactional Analysis
Publication Year: 2011
Subject: Transactional Analysis Counseling
This thoroughly revised edition of Transactional Analysis Counselling introduces the theory and practice of TA – which integrates cognitive behavioural and psychodynamic theories within a humanistic philosophy – from a unique relational perspective. While most TA books focus on one field, this approach demonstrates the benefits of TA across a wide variety of helping settings, business and management, education and coaching as well as counselling. Case studies from a variety of contexts bring TA to life for trainees in any of these disciplines, and the accessible, engaging writing style makes difficult concepts understandable for undergraduates and postgraduates alike.
Bringing their book into the twenty-first century, expert authors Phil Lapworth and Charlotte Sills provide a brief history of TA followed by individual chapters on the concepts and ...
- Front Matter
- Back Matter
- Subject Index
- Chapter 1: An Introduction to Transactional Analysis
- Chapter 2: Making Contracts
- Chapter 3: Ego States: A Theory of Personality
- Chapter 4: The Analysis of Transactions: Understanding Communication
- Chapter 5: Functional Analysis: Behavioural Options in Relationship
- Chapter 6: Strokes and Other Human Hungers
- Chapter 7: Life Scripts: The Development of a Lived Narrative
- Chapter 8: Games: Understanding Relational Dynamics
- Chapter 9: Rackets: Maintaining Scripts in the Internal World
- Chapter 10: Assessment and the Process of Change
- Transactional Analysis and Confusion
- Transactional Analysis and Conflict
- Transactional Analysis and Deficit
- Chapter 11: Relating for a Change
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© Phil Lapworth and Charlotte Sills, 1993, 2011
Transactional Analysis Counselling published by Winslow Press in 1993.
This fully revised edition published 2011
Apart from any fair dealing for the purposes of research or private study, or criticism or review, as permitted under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1988, this publication may be reproduced, stored or transmitted in any form, or by any means, only with the prior permission in writing of the publishers, or in the case of reprographic reproduction, in accordance with the terms of licences issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency. Enquiries concerning reproduction outside those terms should be sent to the publishers.
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About the Authors
Praise for the Book[Page ix]
‘This is an extraordinarily clear and accessible introduction to transactional analysis, whilst at the same time a comprehensive and profound guide to its application. The authors have adapted their original text with examples taken from across the helping professions, making it eminently usable for executive coaches as well as counsellors.’ Erik de Haan, Director of Ashridge Centre for Coaching
‘I really welcome this book as a fresh perspective on transactional analysis for today. The authors’ relational approach and realistic examples will be invaluable to coaches, educators, consultants, psychotherapists and counsellors, with case studies and stories that show how TA can be applied pragmatically and creatively. In language that is direct, humane, lively and practical they explain current theory in straightforward ways, engage us in self-discovery and invite us into new ways of working with clients.’ Trudi Newton, Teaching and Supervising Transactional Analyst and Chair of Training and Certification, International TA Association
‘In his development of transactional analysis now more than 50 years ago, Eric Berne challenged his psychoanalytic colleagues by arguing that analyzing what actually happens between people is as important for self-understanding and change as analyzing what happens within their minds. With their revised introduction to TA, Lapworth and Sills bring a wise and lively accounting of contemporary TA, situating it firmly within a relational perspective. Berne's thinking foreshadowed our current relational thinking. This thorough introduction puts relational thinking at the front and center of transactional analysis, while retaining its usefulness in understanding the experience of individuals.’ William Cornell, psychotherapist, coeditor of Transactional Analysis Journal, 2010 winner of the Eric Berne Memorial Award
‘A very well written book with many practical examples and good exercises. I can really feel that it is written by highly experienced practitioners. A very good introduction to TA and it roots.’ Berit Daugaard-Freese, Independent consultant, Denmark; Associate, Ashridge Business School
‘Practitioners from a variety of situations and contexts, as well as the layperson, will find this book a rich, valuable and practical resource. The authors use an accessible and easy-to-follow format and explain complex concepts in a way that makes them readily understandable. It is an engaging and practical demonstration of transactional analysis theory and practice.’ Heather Fowlie, Head of the Transactional Analysis Department at Metanoia Institute, London
Relational skills are now becoming more and more recognized as an essential part of effective helping. Nowhere is this more true than in social services, psychological therapy, education, organizations and the health care professions. This book on transactional analysis (TA) should be of immediate practical benefit to anyone in the ‘people business’.
The book has emerged from our earlier work Transactional Analysis Counselling (Winslow Press/Speechmark, 1993) in response to the requests of many colleagues, teachers and students of TA who have asked us to revisit and expand our ideas according to developments in the field both of TA theory and its applications. In particular, this involves a focus on a relational approach to using TA in a wide variety of ‘helping conversations’, from counselling and coaching to mentoring, managing and guiding. Of course, each of these roles will require different skills and some specialist knowledge. However, what they have in common is the intentional use of a relationship to help clients understand something about how human beings work – to understand themselves, their relationships and their patterns of being in the world, as well as how they can develop and be the best that they are able to be. This is what our book is about.The Book
In Chapter 1 we will give an overview of TA in order to place it in a general context. In the chapters that follow we will introduce the major TA concepts for you to explore and experiment with for yourself and in your work with others. In each chapter we will give a definition or description of the concept, some everyday examples to clarify the concept, suggestions as to how it may be usefully applied, a case study that runs through the book, and some exercises for you to practise for yourself and with your clients. In Chapters 10 and 11 we offer some ideas on the process of engaging, assessing and working with clients along with some longer examples. At the end of the book there is a list of TA organizations for those of you who are interested in furthering your knowledge and skills in using TA in your relationships with clients, colleagues or employees.
Many of the illustrative examples and case studies in this book are derived from actual practice – for example of counselling or coaching. In the interest of confidentiality, the real identities of these clients have been changed and in most cases are [Page xi]composites. Where real examples are used, the permission of the individual has been obtained.
A word about language – as the book aims to address those who are involved in a range of different activities, we have chosen the word ‘practitioner’ as the catch-all term which we hope can represent anyone from the psychotherapist to the organization consultant.and
First and foremost we would like to acknowledge the contribution of our late friend and colleague Sue Fish to the original version of this book. Reworking and updating the text has constantly brought her lovingly to mind, especially in the exercises where her suggestion of getting a massage seems to occur not infrequently! Charlotte would also like to appreciate Phil for his generous work as lead author on the original version of this book.
Our grateful thanks to Leo Lapworth for his computer-graphic wizardry in providing all the figures for this book; to Andrew Day for being our ‘coaching consultant’; Berit Daugaard-Freese for her valuable feedback on the first edition as we prepared the revision and Alice Oven and the team at SAGE for all their support as usual.
We would like to extend our appreciation and respect to our clients, trainees and supervisees who have taught us more about counselling, psychotherapy and coaching than any book can possibly teach and to whom this book is dedicated.
List of TA Organizations[Page 201]
- The International Transactional Analysis Association (ITAA) http://www.itaa-net.org
- The European Association for Transactional Analysis (EATA) http://www.eatanews.org
- The Western Pacific Association of Transactional Analysis http://www.wpata.com.au
- The Institute of Transactional Analysis (ITA) http://www.ita.org.uk
- (The ITA has a list of qualified members and registered TA training establishments who work under their umbrella in the UK)
- The International Association of Relational Transactional Analysis (IARTA) http://www.relationalta.com
- The Institute of Developmental Transactional Analysis (IDTA) http://www.instdta.org
- For details of training in organizational and educational TA
- Metanoia Institute http://www.metanoia.ac.uk
- For counselling and psychotherapy training
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