State and Local Homeland Security

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    • 00:09

      The question always arises about whether state and localhomeland security systems or enterprisesare efficient and effective.Every single law enforcement agency in the nation,down to the smallest rural county,has a homeland security component.And clearly, at the state levels,

    • 00:30

      there are Homeland Security directors,the equivalent of the Department of Homeland Security.There is no true template for how states do this.However, there is a director of some sort,whether they are with the National Guard,whether a governor has a Homeland SecurityDirector, whatever it might be.Is it efficient and effective?

    • 00:50

      Well, the first responders are alwaysemergency responders, fire, health, and also the police.They're the first ones to the scene.And the federal government has assisted the statesin trying to design quick response teams.The joint terrorism task forces and emergency responders

    • 01:11

      for natural disasters and others have federal assistanceto try and help them.But we need to think about it this way.The federal government is not goingto be the first ones on the scene.It's the state and local people who will be there.And so far, what we have seen is they tend to operate very well.On the other hand, responses to natural disasters

    • 01:33

      are also something we need to consider very carefully.We had the Hurricane Katrina disaster in Louisiana.We also had the Hurricane Sandy disaster-- the superstorm Sandydisaster-- in the American Northeast.During Hurricane Katrina, the stressesthat were put on the local respondersreally came close to breaking the emergency response system.

    • 01:59

      The governor was criticized afterward,and there was essentially a refugee crisisthat occurred in New Orleans that moved into Texasand went on and on.That's an example of mass casualtiesafter a natural disaster and possibly couldhappen after a terrorist attack as an exampleof how to make things better.We have to study that to see what went wrong.

    • 02:19

      Superstorm Sandy went a bit differently.The responses were efficient, they were effective.There was some problems that occurred there,but for the most part, even with the concentrationsof populations, what we saw was things happened rather well.Things with responses went rather well.So these are two counterpoints to the same sort of situation.

    • 02:41

      We need to study those as case studies for the future.

State and Local Homeland Security

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Abstract

Professor Clarence Martin discusses the role of state and local agencies in homeland security scenarios. Whether in terrorist attacks or natural disasters, emergency responders will almost always arrive on the scene before federal support.

State and Local Homeland Security

Professor Clarence Martin discusses the role of state and local agencies in homeland security scenarios. Whether in terrorist attacks or natural disasters, emergency responders will almost always arrive on the scene before federal support.

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