Raped

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    • 00:32

      [CAR NOISE]

    • 00:39

      JULIET: My friends-- the people who know me-- they say,what Juliet got raped.Yeah.It happened to me.Big, strong, confident, outgoing,not scared of anybody or anything Juliet.Yeah, she got raped.

    • 01:00

      JULIET [continued]: [INHALES SHARPLY]It's just-- it's filthy, awful, and vile.I remember it, even in the cold light of day.And every single day, you think, how am Igoing to get through the day?

    • 01:23

      JULIET [continued]: No, I can't go down there.I can't do it.I'm never ever going to be the same again.

    • 01:30

      NARRATOR: For the first time ever,Saint Mary's-- the UK'S leading sexual assault referralcenter-- opened their doors to allow us to film them dealingwith the victims of rape.From Forensic Medical to court and beyond.

    • 01:45

      KELLIE: I just feel like it's ruined my life.I can't move on.It's just constant.It's just constantly there.

    • 01:52

      NARRATOR: Over the course of the year,we followed the team as they supported Julietthrough an entire police investigation.

    • 01:59

      MALE INVESTIGATOR: I'm literally following a step by stepthrough her evening.[JULIET SOBBING]

    • 02:05

      JULIET: How can I not [INAUDIBLE] somethinglike that?

    • 02:10

      NARRATOR: And the subsequent trial.

    • 02:12

      JULIET: This is mental.

    • 02:14

      NARRATOR: And through the staff of Saint Mary's, wegained a unique perspective on rape in Britain today.

    • 02:20

      WOMAN: We're all frightened by this type of crime.We're all frightened about the stigma that it attractsand what people will say.

    • 02:26

      WOMAN: You're doing really well.

    • 02:28

      WOMAN: I think we need to get over that fearand talk about it openly.

    • 02:41

      NARRATOR: Saint Mary's was the firstof the UK's 46 sexual assault referral centers.It covers the Greater Manchester and Cheshire area.And it's here to the small all-female teamof doctors, crisis workers, and counselorsthat the police bring people who saythey've been raped to conduct a forensic examination.

    • 03:06

      WOMAN: A female came in at 10 to nine last night.Her ex- partner turned up at her address.He was drunk.He said he was going to shag her.He took his pants down.She tried to push him away.Threatened to kill her if she said anything afterwards.

    • 03:22

      WOMAN: Although we know rape and such assault happens,the extent and the numbers that we see-- Ithink that's quite shocking, when you firstcome to join to join the team.

    • 03:34

      WOMAN: She's 19.She got home and did not lock the door.

    • 03:37

      WOMAN: And it happens to anybody.

    • 03:38

      WOMAN: She's 51.Alleged assailant was a friend.He's 32.male grabbed him from behind.She's 8.Sexual assault by second cousin.

    • 03:51

      WOMAN: The youngest case that we've seen herewas three weeks old, and the eldest 96.

    • 03:56

      WOMAN: An 80-year-old female.He's a friend, aged 88.He met her at a day center.

    • 04:08

      WOMAN: The overarching goal is to gather good quality evidenceto assist in a potential investigation.But alongside that is providing the immediate, emotionalresponse to victims of rape and sexual assault.

    • 04:28

      CLAIRE: Obviously you called for a medical examination,but also to try and take some DNA swabs.And obviously because it is part of an investigation,as well as being for your health,we need to be really thorough and makesure everything is watertight.

    • 04:43

      DR. MICHELLE CARROLL: The police haveasked me to do this medical examination becauseof what happened last night.I will examine you from top to toe justto see if you have any injuries, if that's all right with you.Have you had a bath or wash or a shower?No, I know that feels really awful,but it is better in terms of us collecting the evidence.

    • 05:08

      DR. MICHELLE CARROLL [continued]: This is to get a sample of your DNAto compare with the other samples, if they're needed.So if you could just pop your mouth like that.

    • 05:17

      NARRATOR: The idea behind Mary's isfrom one place to the able to provide support for victimsthrough a possible police investigation and beyond.

    • 05:30

      JULIET: Hi.It's Juliet.I've got an appointment with Gale.

    • 05:32

      WOMAN ON INTERCOM: To the left to the top floor.

    • 05:34

      JULIET: Thank you.

    • 05:37

      NARRATOR: Juliet came for her forensic medicalon New Year's Day, 2012.

    • 05:42

      JULIET: They said that that however difficult it was goingto be for me, that she would be as gentle as she possiblycould, but she did need to get the evidence.

    • 05:53

      NURSE: I'm just looking for any bruises or marksyou might have.

    • 05:57

      JULIET: And she said, at any point,you can stop and have a breather.But she says Juliet, we have to do it.If you want-- if you want to get somebody.

    • 06:06

      NURSE: Most difficult bit of this partis me to get two pairs of gloves on.I've got to put another layer on.

    • 06:15

      JULIET: And then you're lying down on your back.And then somebody is taking swabs.

    • 06:20

      NURSE: If anything feels uncomfortable,let me know-- if you want me to stop, just say.

    • 06:25

      JULIET: And it was over.I mean, it felt like an eternity,but it was over fairly quickly.

    • 06:31

      NURSE: All done.Are you OK?

    • 06:35

      JULIET: Far cry from the old dayswhere you'd have a male doctor examining you, probablyin a police station somewhere I don't know.That, to me, would be horrifying.

    • 06:51

      NARRATOR: The center has been open for over 26 years.To preserve their anonymity, each client is numbered.And Juliet is client number 15,823.

    • 07:04

      WOMAN: So this is Juliet, came in New Year's Day.She was the fourth one that day.We had seven New Year's Eve, so it'd been quite a busy time.Turn it with the police describes heras being alert, co-operative.

    • 07:24

      WOMAN [continued]: It says, very tearful, plus plus.

    • 07:30

      NARRATOR: Two days later, Juliet went to the police stationto record her version of events.Now, six months on, she's returningto view her DVD before it's used as evidence in court.

    • 07:43

      GAIL: You sit where you want to sit.

    • 07:45

      JULIET: OK.I'll probably just sit in this comfy chair.

    • 07:48

      NARRATOR: Gail from St. Mary's has been supporting Julietthroughout the investigation.

    • 07:55

      JULIET: I am the pocket pack lady, don't worry.We did this on the 3rd of January?

    • 07:59

      NARRATOR: Yes.Yeah, it was quite some time ago.

    • 08:02

      JULIET: Yeah, but it was very short after the rape,so I'm still very much traumatized.That's what's going to be weird to see.[LAUGHS SOFTLY]I look a mess.I just look completely dazed.

    • 08:22

      JULIET [continued]: I don't look like me, that doesn't look like me.

    • 08:25

      NURSE: Do you want me to fast forward through this bit?It is the introduction space.

    • 08:29

      JULIET: Yeah.

    • 08:31

      WOMAN: Just going through the an initial accounts.Last night, drank a bottle of wine prior to going out.Went to the Black Dog ballroom, City Center,went alone as a friend did not show.Sat on the barstool, by the bar drinking a bottle of wine.Went to the bathroom.Came back, had a shot, and then she felt very drunk.

    • 08:54

      JULIET: I've got a vague memory of a shot.I didn't know where it came from.I just assumed it was the barman.And I remember feeling really out of itand going, what the hell are you doing here, Juliet?Go home.And it's blank.

    • 09:17

      JULIET [continued]: Blank.I don't remember anything.

    • 09:21

      WOMAN: Next memory was outside the bargoing towards the car park.Sees a black hand leading the way and then no recollection.

    • 09:33

      JULIET: My next memory-- and I didn't remember thisuntil the next morning-- and it's in an alleyway.A man is forcing his penis in my mouth and he's got my hair,and he's pulling my-- my face, my mouth.

    • 09:53

      JULIET [continued]: And I remember gagging and choking.And I remember thinking, I could bite it and it will stop,but he hit me and said, watch the teeth, bitch.[CRYING]

    • 10:15

      JULIET [continued]: Fucking hell.

    • 10:19

      WOMAN: The doctors used quite a few body chartsto document the injuries.So, head was swelling.We've got a mouth with what's describedas multiple petecheal hemorrhages,like pinprick small bruises.We sometimes see that with forced oral penetration.

    • 10:39

      WOMAN [continued]: It's interesting that they mention the gag reflex,and that's what's thought to call this is the gagging.The doctor's actually made a videoof the internal examination of the mouth.So, can you see lots of tiny little bruises?You have to think, is there anything else

    • 10:60

      WOMAN [continued]: that could have caused it.So, you know, sucking on loads of hard sweets might do it,if there's any sign of throat infection,or anything like that.But it's quite much.You don't often see it as bad as that.

    • 11:16

      WOMAN: You don't have to watch it.

    • 11:19

      JULIET: I'd rather watch it here perbin in court.

    • 11:21

      WOMAN: Yeah, do you want to go outside and justhave a breather?

    • 11:24

      JULIET: No, I'll just get through it.As the day wore on I started feeling the pain.I think I rung the police and said, my bag's been stolen,but I think I've been sexually assaulted in an alleyway.I remember saying to her I hurt, I'm

    • 11:48

      JULIET [continued]: really sore between my legs.Why would I be sore there?

    • 11:53

      WOMAN: Let's have a little look.So bruising on her arms, bruising on her right breast,bruising on her thigh, and then shehad an abrasion just near the entrance of the vagina.It hurts.It hurts to sit.It hurts to walk.It hurts to touch.

    • 12:15

      WOMAN [continued]: It's the only thing I have that I know that something happened,because I don't remember.I don't remember what's happened.Except the alleyway, and then somebody holding me there,and holding me, and holding me.

    • 12:32

      JULIET: Oh, fucking hell.[CRYING]How can I not have remembered something like that.It really happened.

    • 12:46

      WOMAN: There's lots of reasons, isn't there.There could be lots of reasons why.

    • 12:52

      WOMAN: The doctors then took a whole host of forensic samples.When you have a situation like thisand it's a stranger, if you were to find his DNA on the person,well there'd be a bit of explainingto do, how did that get there.If it's on a hand, then it could be, well, they were talking,

    • 13:15

      WOMAN [continued]: there was contact.High vaginal swab, there'd be a bit more explainingto do about how that got there.

    • 13:24

      JULIET: I'm scared of how this is going to affect me.Of looking at every man in the street and going, was it you?Oh.Talk about a mind trip.

    • 13:47

      JULIET [continued]: I'm watching that, I still don't remember.I still can't believe that it's happened.I still want it to have not happened.I really do.

    • 14:10

      JULIET [continued]: I wish somebody would come and say,Juliet you've got it all wrong.But I know that's not going to happen.

    • 14:23

      NURSE: The perception is that stranger rapeis the most common relationship to the perpetrator.That's not our experience.

    • 14:38

      DOCTOR: The stranger rapes in the alleyway,they're really quite rare.The vast majority are people thatare known, whether it's a partner, ex partner, colleague.And that's in the adults, when you move into the children,particularly the younger you go with the children,the more likely it is to be somebody they know.

    • 14:59

      DOCTOR [continued]: The whole thing about stranger danger with childrenis almost misdirected because the vast majoritywould be somebody that I know, somebody that they trust.

    • 15:11

      JOANNE ELLIOTT: This color book isto say it's an adult, 18 and over.[JOANNE ELLIOTT, CRISIS WORKER] And the red is for 17and under.

    • 15:24

      DOCTOR: Last year 422 children.And it is almost an even split between 13 to 18 and under 13.

    • 15:35

      WOMAN: Police referral, she's 13,had internet and phone contact with a man, went to his flat.She didn't understand ejaculationbut said the bed was wet.

    • 15:45

      WOMAN: She is five years old.They say this is a worker at the nursery.

    • 15:52

      WOMAN: Five-year-old, alleged perpetrator is a 14-year-old.Told mom that he'd put his willy where wee-wee comes out.So this is a four-year-old boy.Well, there's an allegation of paternal grandfatherdoing something.You know, from their perspective,it's going to the doctor.

    • 16:14

      WOMAN [continued]: We try and make it as engaging for them as possible.We've got our magic folder, choose a treat at the end.So we have ways of entertaining them.[INAUDIBLE] of a little boy.

    • 16:32

      CLAIRE JOHNSON: We can deal with some cases better than others,I think.I mean, children are always harder,because our children-- well, my youngest [INAUDIBLE]are the same age. [Claire Johnson, Crisis Worker]So when you see children that age, that's what upsets me.Because I want to take them home and look after them.But I can't.

    • 16:47

      DENISE SMURTHWAITE: They're coming to get you!All the way!They're going to catch you!We've taken the view that if they've reached a thresholdto come to see us, then really, unless there'sa good reason not to, that we ought to undertake sexuallytransmitted infection screening. [Dr. DeniseSmurthwaite, Pediatrician] They can have fingerprick bloodtesting for hepatitis B, hepatitis C, syphilis and HIV.It's over quick, quick.

    • 17:08

      DENISE SMURTHWAITE [continued]: That's it, done.And if a young person or a child doesn'tfeel comfortable with having swabsof their outside of the genital area taken,then we can just simply do a urine sample,and that will screen for gonorrhea and chlamydia.By and large, the screens are clear

    • 17:28

      DENISE SMURTHWAITE [continued]: and we do get some children who have sexually transmittedinfections, and then obviously, weneed to treat those appropriately.But it can be very reassuring for families and for childrento know that then they haven't picked up any infections.It's drawing a line under that particular partof their journey, really.[BELL TOLLING]

    • 17:49

      NARRATOR: In 2012, greater Manchester policestarted a dedicated Serious Sexual Offenses Unit,bringing together over 70 detectivesto investigate rapes.

    • 17:60

      MARTIN ASHURST: In addition to the actual [INAUDIBLE]and states if there's been any sort of the penetration,digital, or if there's been any oral sex or anything.In the past, there may have been instanceswhere officers or investigators havebeen very quick to maybe disbelieve [DS MartinAshurst, Serious Sexual Offenses Unit] a victim coming forward.Part of the concept of setting up our unit

    • 18:22

      MARTIN ASHURST [continued]: is that we will believe absolutely every person thatcomes forward to us and makes a report,and we'll investigate it to the nth degree.Has she said if she's washed or bathed?And the evidence, we'll ultimatelydecide if it is there, as to whether someone will be chargedor not.We'll try and get her to St. Mary's tonightif she's willing to.

    • 18:44

      MARTIN ASHURST [continued]: But it's such a complex area of investigation,in that-- for instance, a rape within a domestic setting.Did the victim state when she's last had sex with this ladapart from yesterday?There's four walls and two people.It's very difficult to determine whether or notthat offense has happened.

    • 19:08

      NARRATOR: The decision as to whether a rapecase gets to court is made by the Crown Prosecution Service.The northern greater Manchester branchis on the first floor of Bolton Police Station.

    • 19:19

      ALISON MUTCH: So this is the Crown Courtroom.[Alison Mutch, Crown Prosecution Service]And it's made up of prosecutors and paralegal officers.And of course, all the lawyers who deal with the rapesare rape specialists, and you'll sit in here.That's [INAUDIBLE].My desk is in the corner.

    • 19:41

      ALISON MUTCH [continued]: This is where Jill keeps all her cases that arewaiting for charging decisions.

    • 19:46

      JILL YATES: This is my role, is to allocate those casesto a lawyer in the office.And I would say 75% of them are rape cases.

    • 19:53

      ALISON MUTCH: So typically, a rape case will come inand it will be about this sort of size with a box folder,and then there will be the DVDs to go with it.It can be quite shocking, but youcan't let yourself get too caught up in the emotion,you've got to look at the evidence.

    • 20:11

      JILL YATES: That's doing the job properlyfor the victim as well-- I mean, there's no point givingsomebody completely false hope if really, the evidence isn'tthere.We have to be realistic about it,and be brave and make those decisions.[Last year the CPS reviewed nearly 7,000 rape cases][Less than half went to trial]

    • 20:35

      NARRATOR: The police investigationinto Juliet's case is hindered by her inabilityto remember much about her assault.They turned to the parts of her New Year's Eve covered by CCTV.

    • 20:48

      PHIL REID: This is CCTV footage, that's the victim's movements.Now, this is playing at twice the speed,say from the [INAUDIBLE] black dog,the red arrow indicates Juliet approaching, enteringthrough the doors, he's just literally following her stepby step through her evening.I think she orders a bottle of wine, which she left on the bar

    • 21:10

      PHIL REID [continued]: with a wine cooler.And you see a drink included through the night.And this is the point where she goes to the loo,she's left a glass and a bottle on the bar.I think if you just see now, you just see her returning.We've not been able to establish when she has a shot,but this is as if something just hit her straight away.

    • 21:34

      PHIL REID [continued]: Now she just looks like she's propping herself up,her head is obviously drooping.And I'm assuming, and we've got nothing to contradict this,that it's the bar staff that decided,this girl's had enough, they're not going to serve her anymore,and then comes out the door staff.And you see when she gets ejected.

    • 21:53

      WOMAN: It's a difficult message to walk,because what we don't want to be doing is blaming the person.The alcohol is not the rapist, the rapist is the rapist.Clearly, we know from lots of different thingsthat if you've had a lot of alcohol,you are vulnerable to lots of things.

    • 22:14

      PHIL REID: This is as she actuallycomes out, using the wall to support herself.

    • 22:18

      WOMAN: This was unfortunate, wasn't it,because she was meant to be meeting up with a friend.And for whatever reason, that didn't happen.

    • 22:25

      PHIL REID: She's staggering all over the road.

    • 22:28

      WOMAN: And she certainly shouldn't be blaming herself.I don't think, anyway, do you, for being out on New Year'sEve, drinking.People will, though, that's the problem.But again, I think that's the wrong way around to look at it.People shouldn't be blaming themselves.

    • 22:49

      PHIL REID: She's literally just holding on to that post.She's actually in that position now for about the next 20minutes.

    • 22:58

      ALISON MUTCH: It's important that as prosecutors, wedeal with what are likely to be the issues that will be goingthrough the minds of the jury.If you had a burglary charge, youwouldn't blame the victim of burglarybecause they left their front door unlockedwhen they went to bed.You wouldn't say, oh, well, they deserve to be burgled,would you?

    • 23:14

      JILL YATES: [INAUDIBLE] result.

    • 23:15

      ALISON MUTCH: And [INAUDIBLE] as a result,you might think they're, you know.But you wouldn't acquit the defendant of burglarybecause the victim had left the front door open.

    • 23:23

      JILL YATES: So same thing with, you've walked home by yourselfat 3 o'clock in the morning.It's dark, you've got a short skirt on.Well, that is just the same as leaving your front door openand being burgled.It doesn't entitle anyone to assume that you'reconsenting to what happens.And these are messages that have to be got over to the jury

    • 23:44

      JILL YATES [continued]: as part of the prosecutor's presentation of the case.

    • 23:47

      PHIL REID: When the smoking area clears,it's obviously close to midnight,everybody's gone inside, she then loses her grip and falls,and she'll actually lay on the floor.And that's when the door staff come across herand they tend to her.I think if somebody had gone out and put a blanket over her,she'd have probably slept till the morning.

    • 24:09

      ALISON MUTCH: The law is very clear that you cannot haveintercourse with someone who is not capable of giving consent.

    • 24:16

      JILL YATES: The CCTV evidence is very compelling in connectionwith how intoxicated the complainant wason the night in question.And on that basis, a decision was madethat the case should proceed.

    • 24:29

      ALISON MUTCH: Because she just couldn't haveconsented in law to it, because she was just so drunk.

    • 24:34

      PHIL REID: Now, the minute the door staffpick her from the floor next to the lamp and move her across,we lose track of her.

    • 24:44

      NARRATOR: Although the CCTV shows that Juliet could notconsent to anything, the assault itselfis not covered on camera.The next time Juliet is seen is over 2 hours later,leaving an alley 40 meters away from the entrance to the club.

    • 24:58

      PHIL REID: Blacked [INAUDIBLE] up on this top corner,and you can just see now, Juliet comes staggering out.The time there is shown at 2:08, so that's the two-hour cap.And she sort of runs out, swaying around.So we know she's at Point A, and we

    • 25:19

      PHIL REID [continued]: know she ends up at Point B. It'swhat happens in the incident that we can only surmise.

    • 25:28

      NARRATOR: Without any witnesseses to the rape,the only hope the police have of filling in the missing detailsof what happened to Juliet lies with the forensic samples takenat St. Mary's.

    • 25:40

      JULIET: She was very thorough, it did hurt.I'm only thinking, Christ, but I was so tender anyway.I was in so much pain anyway by this point.And thank God the doctor was as thorough as she was.

    • 25:59

      NARRATOR: When analyzed, Juliet's swabswere found to contain semen.

    • 26:04

      ALISON MUTCH: The key piece of evidence in this casewas the forensic evidence, just because the victim hadno actual recollection of the vaginal penetrationduring the incident.

    • 26:17

      JULIET: I've been trying to make sense of something thathappened that I can't even remember.It's not there.That's what's so awful.I just have the forensic evidencethat said somebody had sexual intercourse with mewithout me knowing.That's rape.I didn't say I was raped.

    • 26:39

      JULIET [continued]: I was told.I was, through forensics, told.That's pretty mind-blowing.

    • 26:50

      NARRATOR: Forensic examinations are only one partof St. Mary's work.Last year, over 400 new clients were referred to the Centrefor counseling.

    • 27:01

      ELAINE FARRELL: Well, we bought these magazinesfor the three comfy rooms.However, before we put them in there,we need to check that there's nothing about rapeor sexual assault, or anything really that's offensive.[Elaine Farrell, Crisis Worker] Ithink that will have to come out.

    • 27:23

      ELAINE FARRELL [continued]: It's not something we need to be reading while you attend here,really.The only thing is."Kickstart to the Summer Slim-Down"is ruined, but never mind.

    • 27:37

      NARRATOR: Kellie is coming to St. Mary'sfor her first counseling session.

    • 27:42

      RECEPTIONIST: St. Mary's Centre.

    • 27:43

      KELLIE: It's Kellie to see John.

    • 27:45

      RECEPTIONIST: OK, come up to the second floor, please.

    • 27:49

      NARRATOR: It's now eight months since she was raped.

    • 27:54

      KELLIE: He was a man I've known for quite a long time.I'm 30, I've now known him since I was about 14, 15.And I've been a drug addict and addictedto heroin since I was 13, 14, got involvedin escorting, prostitution to make money to feed my drughabit.And that's how I got involved with him.

    • 28:16

      KELLIE [continued]: So basically, he was a customer.And I used to share drugs with him.And this one night in February, I went up to his flatbecause I owed him a little bit of money,and I was a bit late paying him back.

    • 28:27

      ALISON MUTCH: There will be cases, perhaps,where the victim has had consensual intercoursein the past, or where the victim is a prostitute,but that doesn't mean that they can't be raped.You watch the victim's DVD, because that'sgoing to be the key account, and just hear what she says.

    • 28:47

      KELLIE: I had a bit of money, and I [INAUDIBLE] four things.I had two crack cocaine, and two heroin, two packs of heroin.And I can give you money, and give you one of each.So he said, well, come back then, and we'll do it at mine.There was nothing to not do, business [INAUDIBLE]So I went back to his flat.

    • 29:08

      KELLIE [continued]: And when I went in the flat, I locked the door.And I went into the front room to just start smoking it.And he's gone into the kitchen to go and startpreparing to inject it.And he said, you can sort me out and then you can go.And I had such little [INAUDIBLE],when he said, sort me out, he meant do sex or something

    • 29:29

      KELLIE [continued]: with him.And he said, you better go in that room,you better get undressed.Because he was injecting the crack, and heliked to have sex when he had the rush of the crack.And I sort of started crying, saying, please just let me go.And he said no, you're not going anywhere.And he started talking about sayinghe was going to ram things up me and he was going to torture me.

    • 29:53

      JILL YATES: She was a sex worker, she used drugs.Both of those things, she was absolutely frank about.Obviously, had she not been honest about thatin the first place, but it had come out,that would have cast some questions over her ambitions.But she was entirely frank right from the beginning.

    • 30:09

      KELLIE: And he said, just help me get my dick,and then do something with me so I come,and then I'll let you go.So, eventually, I managed to find a vein for himand injected him.Then he told me to suck him off.

    • 30:29

      KELLIE [continued]: And he stood in the front room.So I started to do that, I was crying while I was doing it.

    • 30:35

      JILL YATES: On this occasion, shedid not want to have intercourse,and on her account, the defendantcan't have been in no doubt that she was not consenting.

    • 30:44

      KELLIE: Then he told me to get on the couchand he got on top of me.And he was having sex with me.I was crying my eyes out.And he shouted at me for crying and toldme to stop crying, he said, you makeme feel like I'm raping you.And I was just fucked, and I said, you bastard, you are.

    • 31:05

      KELLIE [continued]: I told you I don't want to do this, told you I want to go.And you're making me do this before I go.And then after about 10 minutes he finished.And I just [INAUDIBLE], got up, grabbed my clothes reallyquick, and then he let me out.

    • 31:24

      JILL YATES: In some cases, a victim of rapewill get on the phone and report the matterto the police straight away.But really, that in itself is quite unusual,and it can take some time for the victim to really appreciatethe impact of what's happened to them,and we can't make any assumptions about anythingthat a victim will do.

    • 31:44

      KELLIE: And then I went on to say to him,you do realize when a girl's sobbing and cryingher eyes out, begging to leave, notwanting to have sex with you but having to do it anywayso that you'll let her leave, it's rape?And obviously, that made him angrybecause I sent that text message.Because then he will come out looking for me every nighton the straight after that when I was going out working.

    • 32:05

      KELLIE [continued]: I really did think that he was going to kill meor something [INAUDIBLE] did.Never been so frightened in my life,but it might sound crazy that I still kept going outthere every night, but I had a drug habit, I had no choice,and still that's it.I started to go out there and get money for my drugs.

    • 32:24

      NARRATOR: After an altercation on the streetwas seen by the police, Kellie told them what was happening.

    • 32:30

      KELLIE: Now, the officer that night was actually really good.He was saying, if he did this a week ago,but he's still harassing you every night,then he's not going to leave you alone,you need to do something about.

    • 32:40

      THERAPIST: So would you class him as a punter?

    • 32:43

      KELLIE: No, not really.More of a customer, as a friend.

    • 32:47

      THERAPIST: More of a friend, OK.

    • 32:49

      KELLIE: But I suppose yeah, he was in a way.Punter, I suppose, yeah.

    • 32:56

      ALISON MUTCH: It came across as a very honest account.But you've got consent as the issue.The victim is key to that in how they give their account.

    • 33:07

      KELLIE: The police said I needed to get myself sorted out,you would be a credible witness or something.But I already decided before then to get sorted out,because I was too scared to go out there anyway,and I thought, I need to change my life.So within a few weeks, I was in a hospital.I got clean off everything, come out,and I've been clean ever since.

    • 33:26

      NARRATOR: After a six-day trial, 41-year-old Shahid Razawas found guilty of two counts of rape,common assault and possession of an offensive weapon.He was sentenced to 8 and 1/2 years imprisonment.

    • 33:39

      KELLIE: Me and my mum were saying,we were shopping in Esther's when we got the phone call.Me and my mum was just jumping about like lunaticsin the middle of the supermarket.It was just such a relief that I was believed.Just didn't think I'd be taken seriously at all because of whoI was before it happened.[INTERPOSING VOICES]

    • 34:00

      KELLIE: And then, obviously I'm really glad that I'vegot off the drugs.The only bad thing about being off drugsis that I don't have that thing anymore to block my emotions.And when I was on drugs, nothing bothered me.He just made me feel like I was nothing and worthless.And even though I should know deep down that I'm not,that he's the one that did wrong,

    • 34:21

      KELLIE [continued]: I've still carried on feeling that same way.

    • 34:23

      THERAPIST: OK, all right.How long had you known him?

    • 34:26

      KELLIE: I've known him for about maybe 12, 13 years.

    • 34:30

      THERAPIST: Right.You looked like-- you sort of looked to the floor there.

    • 34:37

      KELLIE: I feel bad for him even, because I'veknown him for so long.People think I'm crazy when I say I feel bad for him,and I have days where I think I deserve everything he's got,he's putting me through this now.

    • 34:49

      THERAPIST: And you're questioning yourself in a way,and that you've been in this relationship with him.

    • 34:54

      KELLIE: I think, yeah, I do kind of blamemyself a lot for what happened, because of the lifestyleI led at the time.

    • 35:00

      JOANNE MUCCIO: I think the research bears outthat those individuals that are assaulted by somebody that theyknow can suffer more severe depression, for example,because actually, the clients essentially startto question their own way of judging people.I made a judgment about them, I thought they were OK,and actually they've gone on to rape me.

    • 35:23

      JOANNE MUCCIO [continued]: [In over half of all rapes the rapist isthe partner or the ex-partner]

    • 35:27

      JILL YATES: 17-year-old, and the assailant's her boyfriend.He locks the flat when he goes out,never uses condoms, always ejaculates, chokes, slaps,punches her.

    • 35:38

      ELAINE FARRELL: From what I've learnedover the years, the ones where it's a stranger assaultand you've got that safe home, you've still got that.

    • 35:48

      DENISE SMURTHWAITE: The rape is by the ex-partner,ongoing sexual and domestic violence.

    • 35:52

      FARAH YUSUF: The level of violencehas become worse recently, escalating from slappingright the way up to strangling.

    • 35:60

      JILL YATES: Have no friends or family to stay with,should be in a women's refuge.Worry is where the home is where the hurt is,then where is your place of safety,where do you get your support?So that can make it incredibly difficult for them.

    • 36:20

      NARRATOR: Juliet has been unable to identify the stranger whowas with her in the alley.However, the forensic examination at St. Mary's hasled to a breakthrough.

    • 36:30

      PHIL REID: From the swabs we got a DNA hit-- that is,the DNA from her swabs matches another person,that person being Yusuf.

    • 36:39

      NARRATOR: The 20-year-old male, Mustafa Yusuf,is brought in for questioning.The only link the police can show between himand Juliet is his DNA.

    • 36:48

      PHIL REID: He was interviewed initially after disclosurethat he'd been arrested for rape,and he gave a no-comment interview.

    • 36:58

      POLICE: Where did you meet her?

    • 36:59

      DEFENDANT: No comment.

    • 37:01

      POLICE: And what time was it when you met her?

    • 37:04

      DEFENDANT: No comment.

    • 37:05

      POLICE: Did she say yes to having sex with you?

    • 37:08

      DEFENDANT: No comment.

    • 37:09

      POLICE: Could she say yes?

    • 37:11

      DEFENDANT: No comment.

    • 37:12

      POLICE: We've had an email from a scientist whichsays that your DNA is inside Juliet's knickers.

    • 37:18

      DEFENDANT: No comment.

    • 37:20

      POLICE: Is there any reason for that?

    • 37:21

      DEFENDANT: No comment.

    • 37:23

      POLICE: Why was your DNA, your semenon the inside of her knickers?

    • 37:26

      DEFENDANT: No comment.

    • 37:27

      SOLICITOR: Do you want a consulation?

    • 37:27

      DEFENDANT: Please.

    • 37:28

      SOLICITOR: OK.

    • 37:30

      PHIL REID: He then came back and gave a further interviewwhere he said he had met a female-- [INAUDIBLE],of course, but it was all consensual.

    • 37:40

      POLICE: Why didn't you tell us this at the beginning?

    • 37:43

      DEFENDANT: It was on advice from my solicitor.

    • 37:47

      POLICE: You let us ask you quite a lotquestions before you decided to tell us about it.Why was that?

    • 37:54

      DEFENDANT: Couldn't tell you.

    • 37:56

      POLICE: I think it's because you found outabout the DNA in her knickers.

    • 38:01

      DEFENDANT: If you think so, then.

    • 38:02

      POLICE: You don't have to answer any questions on the officer'sbelief.It's not relevant.We know that she was in no fit state at all.We've got witnesses and we've got CCTV.What do you want to say about that?

    • 38:14

      DEFENDANT: I was drunk at the time myself.

    • 38:19

      PHIL REID: 31st of December, 2011.This is 11:56, 11:57, it's just quits over toand when the red arrow is, Mr. Yusuf strolling downthe street, meeting acquaintances.He said that he consumed a bottle of brandybefore meeting Juliet.So his defense, if you like, is, well, I

    • 38:40

      PHIL REID [continued]: couldn't know she didn't consent because I was drunk.Well, I would say that the footageis there and negates that all.You can see there, just in his hand is the bottle,and it's something that looks like a water bottle.He'll switch in a second and you see him going downbehind the shelving.He's not banging into anything, he's

    • 39:02

      PHIL REID [continued]: not using anything to support himself.He goes through that action where he goes down to the floorand was squatting.And he manages to stand and walk around,he's not falling over taking out any shelvingor anything like that.And he may well have had drink, but I would say, viewing that,that you could never say that he was drunk.

    • 39:22

      PHIL REID [continued]: Obviously, you can never remain totally impartial.You have a feeling about a victim,or a feeling about an offender, and you work around that.But in the case of Juliet, we're trying to build upto why was it she's missing.We know something's happened, the doctors corroborated that.

    • 39:46

      PHIL REID [continued]: But when the defense team comes along and says,well, I was drunk, so hang on a minute,we've got footage of you there.This doesn't show you're drunk.

    • 39:56

      NARRATOR: Mustafa Yusuf does not fitthe description of the man Julietremembers orally raping her.But the CPS decide that the forensic evidence combinedwith the CCTV is enough to charge him with vaginal rape.

    • 40:11

      JULIET: The man on trial is the man who vaginally raped me.I have no recollection of that, I didn't evenknow that had happened.He could knock on the door and be selling me double glazing,I wouldn't know who he is.He could sit next to me on the bus, I wouldn't know who he is.They got him in DNA, and that's been really, really difficult

    • 40:35

      JULIET [continued]: because I don't have anybody to focus my rage at.[3% of rape reports are later classifiedas malicious false allegations]

    • 40:51

      MARTIN ASHURST: Unfortunately, people do make false reports.People make false reports of all sorts of crimes.The priority, I think, we're goingto need to get any forensic opportunities examined first.And arrest for any offense is extremely traumatic,particularly if you're a law-abiding citizen,to find yourself, confined within four walls of a police

    • 41:11

      MARTIN ASHURST [continued]: station of a medical training staffexamining your intimate parts.Well, ideally, that particular areaexamined-- glans, shaft, pubic hair scissors and comb,must have a huge impacts on them.And we have to look after a rape suspect just as muchas we look after a rape victim.

    • 41:33

      MARTIN ASHURST [continued]: And once you've been arrested for rape,you've got a stigma attached to you.And it's very difficult to clear your name and such.

    • 41:41

      RAINA PATEL: I guess there may be some false allegations.I'm not aware of any particular cases I was involved in,but we never would say, I don't believe her or him.It's not like that.There is usually only two people that know what went on,and it's certainly not us.

    • 41:59

      FARAH YUSUF: Good morning, it's Dr. Farah Yusuffrom St. Mary's Centre.OK, and what sort of time would suit you?

    • 42:06

      NARRATOR: Despite the Centre being partly fundedby the police, the services of St. Mary's areavailable for people who don't want police involvement.Around one in six clients is a self-referral.

    • 42:17

      FARAH YUSUF: [INAUDIBLE] self-referral, [INAUDIBLE]that's someone who wants to come and see uswithout the benefit of police.

    • 42:27

      WOMAN: 16755 is a self-referral case Perpetrator, acquaintance.When CGP advance reported to policebut decided not to take it further at this point.

    • 42:41

      FARAH YUSUF: There are all sorts of obstacles to people cominghere, the fact that other people will find out,that the case may go to court, that familywill know, friends will know, people at work will no.So it's very important that they cancome to us knowing that the police don'thave to be involved.They can still get the medical care that anybody would get.And that way, the evidence is preserved,

    • 43:04

      FARAH YUSUF [continued]: and they still have the option if they choose to,for the police to become involved.

    • 43:11

      CATHERINE WHITE: So, this is where the self-referral samplescome.Looking at our database, we've got somethinglike 670 cases where we've got samples here.It's quite sad opening it up, because it's all these storiesin the freezer.

    • 43:32

      CATHERINE WHITE [continued]: Jam-packed with stuff.[INAUDIBLE]And I know I had a young woman, Ican't remember how old she was, perhaps 16, 17.And she was saying it was her uncle.And she decided not to go any further with it

    • 43:53

      CATHERINE WHITE [continued]: because she didn't want to have to hold the responsibilityof the impact on her cousins.And you can understand that, can't you?It's their dad.And if he's the breadwinner, it's a big impact.

    • 44:09

      FARAH YUSUF: I take these through to the freezer roomwhere they can be stored.

    • 44:15

      CATHERINE WHITE: People always worry about false allegations,don't they?But why would you come here to me?If you were making a false allegation,you'd be telling someone like the police.So if you come here and you haven't told the police,then it really makes you think that these are likely allto be true cases, aren't they?

    • 44:36

      CATHERINE WHITE [continued]: That there's no that I can think up.And so this is incredibly sad for us, to me.Because we all think we know what we would do, don't we?But life's rarely that simple, is it?

    • 44:55

      NARRATOR: It's now more than six months since Julietrang the police to report that she believedshe'd been sexually assaulted.

    • 45:02

      JULIET: In my head, I was going, I'mnot going to let this beat me, I'm going to go to work.Yeah, right.I couldn't even get to the shops without freaking outand running home, because you feel stained,you feel contaminated.You feel like everything you touchis going to be soiled with what has happened to you.

    • 45:22

      JULIET [continued]: And all the time you're doing anything,you're looking at it through that.He was there, that image of what he did to me.And it doesn't move.Wherever you look, it's there.It doesn't go.You close your eyes, the image is there.You look somewhere, it doesn't go.

    • 45:47

      NARRATOR: In three days' time, Juliet's case will go to court.

    • 45:51

      JULIET: Hi, it's Juliet.I've got an appointment with Gail.

    • 45:53

      RECEPTIONIST: [INAUDIBLE] top floor.

    • 45:54

      JULIET: Thank you.

    • 45:56

      GAIL MORGAN: OK, I'm going to go in room one.

    • 45:58

      NARRATOR: The number of rape victimswho've dropped out before facing trial means that now,St. Mary's have independent sexual violenceadvisors to help them through the whole process.Gail was the first one in the country.

    • 46:11

      GAIL MORGAN: I think she's really scared.I think she's really scared.And I think it's something that most people go through,going to court, because it is the fear of the unknown.How are you doing?

    • 46:22

      JULIET: Having a really bad [INAUDIBLE] day today.

    • 46:25

      GAIL MORGAN: Oh, yeah.It's never going to be an easy processto have to sort of talk about, somethingthat happened to you so traumatic,to a court full of strangers.We'll go in the room, and then I'llgo make you drink while you calm down.Because it's not something that people talk about in dayto day life.That's difficult in itself without knowing that someone's

    • 46:48

      GAIL MORGAN [continued]: going to say, well actually, it didn'thappen like that, did it?

    • 46:52

      JULIET: I'm scared about being criticized for going outon my own like I did.

    • 46:59

      GAIL MORGAN: It isn't about you going out by yourself.Lots of women go out by themselves.All I can say to you is that the defense barrister is thereto put to you what his client is sayinghas happened, which we know is goingto be totally different to what you're saying.

    • 47:20

      GAIL MORGAN [continued]: The thing you have to focus on more than anythingis this case is going to trial.Lots of these cases don't get to trialbecause they haven't got enough evidence.

    • 47:28

      JULIET: Yeah, at least I've got that.

    • 47:29

      GAIL MORGAN: Right?We go to court, and if he pleads guilty, it's a bonus.If he doesn't, you are prepared to go into courtand give evidence.And the only thing I can say to you is, all you can dois say what you remember.

    • 47:43

      JULIET: I just cannot comprehend a not-guilty verdict.And I don't know how I'll deal with that.I'll see you Monday.

    • 47:53

      GAIL MORGAN: I'll see you Monday.If you hear anything--

    • 47:55

      JULIET: I'll ring you, I promise.

    • 47:57

      GAIL MORGAN: Text me or ring me or whatever.

    • 47:58

      JULIET: OK.

    • 47:58

      GAIL MORGAN: Probably first three or four timesI went to court, it was not guilty.And then I started thinking it was me.No, I know it's not me, it's the system.12 people who have their own mythsand stereotypes about any sort of crimeis always going to be difficult. It isn't an easy process,

    • 48:19

      GAIL MORGAN [continued]: and I admire anybody, I have to say,who will go down that process.I really do.

    • 48:27

      NARRATOR: Mustafa Yusuf goes on trial in Manchester.Juliet's DVD is shown on the second day,and she answers questions from behind a screen.

    • 48:38

      JULIET: It was probably the most challenging thingI've ever done in my life, the most scary.But not by far as frightening as whatI thought it was going to be.That was on Tuesday, it's now Thursday.Now it's a waiting game.I have no part to play.The control's taken away from you again.

    • 49:01

      JULIET [continued]: In rape, the control was taken away from you.I can only hope that the members of the jurywill realize that I didn't do anything wrong,I didn't deserve what happened to me.And now, all I can do is wait.

    • 49:23

      NARRATOR: At St. Mary's, the cases never stopcoming through the door.[13% of recorded rape victims are male]

    • 49:32

      JILL YATES: 16588, she's 37, he's 37."Family are not aware of sexual assault.Please use discretion when ringing home,because this is a home number."

    • 49:49

      BERNIE RYAN: If we take male rape,we've got think about how difficult it mightbe for somebody to disclose that regardless of their sexuality,their sexuality will be called into question.And that doesn't feel fair, because we call itinto question the sexuality of the victim and notthe perpetrator.

    • 50:09

      JILL YATES: A male approached him,asked him where to get cigarettes from.He followed him off the main road, punched him in the face,grabbed in a headlock, anal penetration.

    • 50:18

      MARTIN ASHURST: For a male, it is the ultimate violation,as it is for a female.With males, there's bravado attached to it,but also the embarrassment.

    • 50:30

      JILL YATES: [INAUDIBLE] going to have a wee downin the alleyway, and it was here that hewas grabbed by the back of the neckand something was inserted into his bottom.

    • 50:37

      MARTIN ASHURST: Personally, if I was a victim of a rape,I'm still not sure that I'd be able to come forward.

    • 50:44

      WOMAN: 15-year-old boy, he has specific learning difficulties.

    • 50:48

      RAINA PATEL: We do see a lot of the vulnerable in society here,don't we?Really, when you look at it.

    • 50:54

      JILL YATES: She's 14.In park with friends, left friendsto meet boy on benches, no previous sexual experience.

    • 51:02

      ELAINE FARRELL: Teenagers, especiallythe ones that are in care and have nobody.

    • 51:08

      WOMAN: She lives in the children's home,she's known to social services.

    • 51:12

      ELAINE FARRELL: And then they end up here,when there's nobody to even go home to.And that is kind of our worst case scenario here.

    • 51:19

      RAINA PATEL: You don't think in England todaythat we're living with that, would you?

    • 51:25

      DENISE SMURTHWAITE: I mean, they're unrelated episodes,but it's still a concern that she's 14and she's [INAUDIBLE] three times.

    • 51:34

      MICHELLE CARROLL: I think some cases,due to what she, for whatever reason, more the others--15-year-old, was picked up by three males in a car.Gang rape, that's really hard to think that nobody could sortof stand back and say, well, whatare we doing, what's going on?

    • 51:54

      ELAINE FARRELL: Sometimes you think you're always upset,but I can actually count of the times I've really cried.I remember the cases and I remember the names.And we're not saying all of the others aren't the same,I just think there's a little bit of a buildupand then a certain person triggers.

    • 52:11

      RAINA PATEL: Right, so pop onto that clever scale there.I don't think I'd ever cried at an examination,but I did just after one recently,and I was surprised at myself.But we're all human beings, we're all human beings.And whether you're a doctor or whoever, something in lifewill touch you, won't it?

    • 52:30

      JILL YATES: Well done.You're doing really well.Well done.

    • 52:43

      JULIET: The mask goes on.I was thinking before, what kind of a personam I going to be at the end of today?If it's a not guilty verdict, does thatmean it didn't happen?

    • 53:03

      ALISON MUTCH: Generally, it's clear that the jury perhapsjust haven't been sure to the necessary standard of proof,and it's not that the jury haven't believed the victim.It's that they haven't been sure beyond reasonable doubtthat the defendant is guilty.And this perception that somehow all these acquittalsmust mean they've been false allegations of rape

    • 53:24

      ALISON MUTCH [continued]: just isn't right.That isn't what it means at all.

    • 53:27

      JULIET: Hi Mum, it's me.Nothing as yet, we're just walking down the courts now.The judge is sort of summing up, but he haven't sent themout yet to deliberate.I don't know what to expect.It only takes a couple of people tapped out,

    • 53:49

      JULIET [continued]: and that could be enough to throw it.So I suppose, fingers crossed.The longest wait.

    • 54:00

      GAIL MORGAN: I want him to be found guilty for Juliet.But you can never tell.There's always going to be a possibilitythat he's found not guilty.

    • 54:21

      NARRATOR: With Juliet not wantingto see the defendant or his family,Gail has gone in in to hear the verdict.

    • 54:32

      JULIET: This is mental.

    • 54:43

      GAIL MORGAN: Guilty.

    • 54:44

      JULIET: Really?I thought you were going to say not!

    • 54:48

      GAIL MORGAN: [INAUDIBLE]

    • 54:56

      JULIET: What [INAUDIBLE] say, what--

    • 54:58

      GAIL MORGAN: It's because his family was therewatching, that's all.

    • 55:00

      JULIET: Was that there?

    • 55:01

      GAIL MORGAN: Yes, they stood there.That's why I asked you to walk out the way,because you didn't want them to see you.I feel sick.

    • 55:13

      JULIET: Hi Mummy, it's me.Guilty, unanimous.Yeah.We did it.We did it.

    • 55:27

      NARRATOR: Mustafa Yusuf has been found guilty of rape.His sentence has yet to be determined.

    • 55:33

      MAN: You'd like to think he's going to double figures,but you don't know.

    • 55:38

      JULIET: That's good, the double figures, bastard.You guys have been amazing.You've all been amazing.

    • 55:52

      JOANNE MUCCIO: It's not the type of workthat you can go home and say, oh hello, how's your day been?Well, I've seen five claims, all of whichwere suicide, all high risk, had to contact the GP, reallyworried about them.Or I've seen a homeless person that'sbeen raped on a street in Manchester.There were five people onlooking but did nothing.

    • 56:15

      JOANNE MUCCIO [continued]: You can't take this work home.

    • 56:17

      MICHELLE CARROLL: I know that youare extremely unlikely to be assaulted by a stranger walkinghome in the dark.I know that your chance of being assaulted by somebody that youknow is much, much higher.So in some ways I feel safer, and in other waysI know that there's so much going onthat we don't know about, because we know herewe only tip the iceberg of people who are experiencing

    • 56:38

      MICHELLE CARROLL [continued]: sexual violence.

    • 56:47

      JULIET: You learn to live with it,but you can't let it be you.And that's what I've really learned.My identity isn't, I've got raped.It's not.I am Juliet, but I'm forever altered.One event and your life isn't ordinary anymore.

    • 57:10

      JULIET [continued]: I don't know, maybe you become extraordinary because yousurvived it.That would be a good way to put it.And maybe that's how I'm managing to cope now.That's the only way I could put it, really.

    • 57:26

      GPS: Turn right, then turn right.

    • 57:30

      NARRATOR: 10 months after the rape,Mustafa Yusuf was sentenced to seven yearsand nine months imprisonment.He'll spend the rest of his life on the sex offender's register.

    • 57:39

      GPS: Turn left.

    • 57:40

      NARRATOR: The shoes Juliet was wearing on New Year's Evewere taken during the investigation.Now, she can get them back.

    • 57:47

      JULIET: What was weird was the reaction I got from the policewhen I said, well, I want them back.And I said, well, they're my beautiful, lovely, expensiveshoes, and my shoes didn't rape me.I want them back.One shoe in each bag?

    • 58:05

      MAN: One shoe in each bag, that's the way they get stored.

    • 58:08

      JULIET: Is it?Oh, OK.Got my shoes!It's a really weird feeling, really weird.

    • 58:24

      BERNIE RYAN: What we're trying to is to preventlong-term problems developing.

    • 58:29

      JULIET: Oh yeah.Now I'm happy.Now I'm a happy girl.[LAUGHS]

    • 58:40

      BERNIE RYAN: And that's somethingthat's really positive about working here,is a human being's ability to recoverfrom something so negative.[PHONE RINGS]

    • 58:55

      RECEPTIONIST: St. Mary's Centre speaking.Oh, right, it's OK.Months ago, or years ago?Could you tell me who the perpetrator was?OK.

Raped

View Segments Segment :

Abstract

Saint Mary's is the UK's leading sexual assault referral center, handling every step of the rape investigation process from the medical examination to rape counseling. Juliet was raped by a stranger after leaving a bar on New Year's Eve. The film follows Juliet's case from the initial police interview through the investigation and trial.

Raped

Saint Mary's is the UK's leading sexual assault referral center, handling every step of the rape investigation process from the medical examination to rape counseling. Juliet was raped by a stranger after leaving a bar on New Year's Eve. The film follows Juliet's case from the initial police interview through the investigation and trial.

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