Policing and Technology: Body-Worn Video

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    • 00:02

      [MUSIC PLAYING]

    • 00:10

      STEPHEN GOODIER: My name's Inspector Steve Goodierfrom Hampshire Constabulary.And my role is to assist my Chief Constable AndyMarsh, who is the national lead to body worn video.So I help coordinate the national use and deploymentof body worn video across England and Wales.Body worn video is an overt camerathat's worn on the front of an officer's uniform.

    • 00:31

      STEPHEN GOODIER [continued]: And as you can see here, the camerais often front and center, and is worn on the body.[BEEPING]To activate the camera is really simple.All you do is slide this red switch down, and what you hearis a double beep--[BEEPING]--and the camera screen will activate.[BEEPING]In Hampshire on the [INAUDIBLE], all front line officers,

    • 00:52

      STEPHEN GOODIER [continued]: including PCSOs, will be given a body worn video camera.So if you wear a uniform and you interact with a memberof the public, you will be given a camera.So along with their handcuffs, their ASP, and their radio,they will be given a camera as well.So it will become a standard piece of operational equipmentfor all front line officers.We've recognized that to capture a video recording

    • 01:14

      STEPHEN GOODIER [continued]: of an incident or to record a communicationbetween the officer and the person,it's excellent quality evidence.

    • 01:23

      OFFICER 1: Hello, sir.

    • 01:24

      MAN ON PHONE: Hang on.Hang on, mate.Hang on.What?

    • 01:25

      OFFICER 1: Sir, can I have a quick word with you?I'm just come to speak to you, because we'vehad some reports of a male actingsuspiciously in the area.At this point of time, you're beingfilmed, just to let you know.

    • 01:36

      STEPHEN GOODIER: If body worn videois used to capture evidence of an offense,so let's say, for example, a public order incident,it's undeniable, if the camera's actually caughtthat incident on camera, that that actually happened.

    • 01:51

      OFFICER 1: OK.For the purpose of body worn, I've just found a ring.

    • 01:57

      STEPHEN GOODIER: The quality of evidencethat you're able to catch, if it's liveand it's happened in front of the officer,it's unquestionable.We often say it's the independent witnessto the officer.

    • 02:07

      PC SMITH: 51, go ahead.

    • 02:08

      DISPATCHER: Can I start you towards number 5, TavistockClose, Fi, for a report of a possible domestic.

    • 02:12

      PC SMITH: Well, Steve, what have we got?

    • 02:14

      DISPATCHER: The next door neighboris reporting she hears shouting coming from the addressjust around 10th hour.

    • 02:21

      PC SMITH: Well, Steve, show me to--

    • 02:22

      STEPHEN GOODIER: This is a video thatdemonstrates best practice of police use of body wornvideo in England and Wales.[CAR STARTING]

    • 02:28

      PC SMITH: OK.So my body worn is on and running, recording all radio,what I'm doing, and why I'm doing it.

    • 02:37

      STEPHEN GOODIER: It follows a mock domestic violenceincident, where police officers attend the incident.They activate the camera right from the very beginning--[SIRENS]

    • 02:47

      PC SMITH: OK.So I'm [INAUDIBLE] officer on a Grade 1 responseto a domestic in progress at 5 Tavistock Close.A female possibly been assaulted.It's been--

    • 02:58

      STEPHEN GOODIER: --and it follows themall the way through to dealing with the incident and thenwhat happens thereafter.The outcome of the film is to show the best practice.It's about how simple it is to operate and how diversethat you can actually use the camera.So you actually control and direct itto get quality evidence that can be used furtherdown the criminal justice line.

    • 03:17

      PC SMITH: OK.There's clearly been a disturbance herein the kitchen.There's broken bottles.

    • 03:23

      STEPHEN GOODIER: The police use bodyworn video in the overt role.So when an officer approaches a situationand they feel that there's a necessity,a genuine policing purpose to activate the camera,they'll just slide the red switch downand the camera will be activated with a double beep--[BEEPING]--to notify the person, if they are recording a person,that they are being recorded.

    • 03:43

      PC SMITH: Camera facing front and center.

    • 03:46

      STEPHEN GOODIER: And it's really importantthat the subject, the person, is awarethat they are being recorded.

    • 03:51

      PC SMITH: Hello, Mr. Reardon.

    • 03:52

      STEPHEN GOODIER: So the screen, in our case,will power up, and again, reinforcing that messagethat the camera's being used, and then the officerwill communicate that fact.So I am now recording you, OK?Anything that you do and say is being recorded on video.

    • 04:06

      PC SMITH: Thank you.I just need to let you know that I'm recording at the moment,OK?

    • 04:08

      DANIEL REARDON: No, no, no, no, no, no, you can't film me.You can't film me without my permission.

    • 04:11

      PC SMITH: Mr. Reardon, that's not the case.I'm lawfully allowed to record youwhile I'm carrying out my duty, and that's what I'm doing now.

    • 04:17

      STEPHEN GOODIER: The police use of bodyworn video is governed by legislation.And one of the most important piecesof legislation that we have to comply tois the Data Protection Act.And the first principle of the Data Protection Actis fair processing.And that really means that the person, the subject,that we are recording must be made awarethat they are being filmed.

    • 04:35

      OFFICER 2: PC Smith's with the male.

    • 04:37

      PC SMITH: This is my colleague, PC--

    • 04:38

      DANIEL REARDON: Haven't you got anything better to do, huh?

    • 04:39

      PC SMITH: He'll also be recording.

    • 04:40

      DANIEL REARDON: I'm a taxpayer.I pay your wages.

    • 04:41

      PC SMITH: This is Mr. Reardon, and I haven't been in the houseyet.

    • 04:42

      DANIEL REARDON: How about you go and find some proper criminalsinstead of wasting my time?

    • 04:45

      OFFICER 2: All right, Mr. Reardon, you stay with me.

    • 04:46

      PC SMITH: Mr. Reardon, I'm lawfullyentering your house to check on the welfare of Amanda.

    • 04:49

      DANIEL REARDON: Yeah, well, don't speak to her.She's winding me up.

    • 04:52

      STEPHEN GOODIER: The national guidancefor the police use of body worn videois a document that helps to promote a consistent useand deployment of body worn video across England and Wales.It has seven key principles within the document.And if followed correctly, we comply with the lawand legislation and offer the most appropriate use

    • 05:13

      STEPHEN GOODIER [continued]: of the technology.

    • 05:15

      PC SMITH: Just going to turn the light on, OK?Is it Amanda?

    • 05:21

      AMANDA REARDON: Yeah.

    • 05:23

      STEPHEN GOODIER: Research has shownby communicating with the public about their thoughtson body worn video has shown a very high degree of support.Well in excess of 90% are in favor of the police use of bodyworn video.When a body worn video camera is activated in the street, usedlive by an officer, it can have a numberof effects on the person that we're recording.

    • 05:45

      STEPHEN GOODIER [continued]: Generally, we see that there is moreof a compliance, a more civilizing effecton that person.They recognize that they are being recorded,and everything that they do and sayis now being recorded on the camera.We also saw a reduction in complaintsagainst police officers.We also saw a reduction in the number of crime types

    • 06:05

      STEPHEN GOODIER [continued]: that we believe that body worn video could have an effect.

    • 06:08

      OFFICER 2: Daniel, an allegation has been made.And as a result, I'm arresting you on suspicion of assaultto Amanda Reardon.You do not have to say anything.But it may harm your defense if you do notmention, when questioned, something which you laterrely on in court.And anything you do say may be given in evidence.Do you understand?

    • 06:23

      DANIEL REARDON: Take them off.They're too tight.

    • 06:25

      OFFICER 2: Daniel--

    • 06:26

      STEPHEN GOODIER: If the police are unfortunate enoughto attend an incident of domestic violence,having the body worn video camera recordingoften captures more evidence of what'shappened immediately after an incident has taken place.Sometimes when we try to prosecute the offending partyin domestic violence, we can see that the aggrieved person,

    • 06:48

      STEPHEN GOODIER [continued]: the victim, isn't always willing to assist with the prosecutioncase.If there is compelling evidence captured on the video,we can often use that to prosecutethe offender without the need for the victimto give evidence.

    • 07:03

      PC SMITH: We've got some bruising to the upper rightarm.

    • 07:08

      STEPHEN GOODIER: What we have seenwhen we give officers cameras is it gives them the reassurance,it offers that transparency of that interaction between whatthe officer said or has done when they interactwith members of the public.Officers are encouraged and actually wantto be given cameras so they can be open and honest about what

    • 07:31

      STEPHEN GOODIER [continued]: actually happened when an incident unfoldsin front of them.Once body worn video is used and a recordingis captured on the camera, the officerwould go back to the police stationand dock the camera on the dedicated computersthat we use for the secure and management

    • 07:53

      STEPHEN GOODIER [continued]: of that sensitive and personal data.Body worn video has the potentialof capturing very personal and sensitive information.Often officers will enter premisesthat could capture quite sensitive information,people that are often very vulnerable in their own homes.It's very, very important that once video

    • 08:13

      STEPHEN GOODIER [continued]: is captured that it is managed in the correct proportionateway, using a back office system that allows us to recordand manage, and understand who has watched the video,and if necessary, put appropriate safeguards in placefor the correct management of that video evidence.

    • 08:35

      PC SMITH: This number allows access for everyoneto see the video footage, and it alsocomplies with what we have to do for retentionand disposal [INAUDIBLE].

    • 08:42

      STEPHEN GOODIER: Very recently, Iwas asked to assist the US government, the US JusticeDepartment, and act as a international advisorto our use and deployment of body worn video.It's a very different context, policing context, to the UK.They have 17,000 policing agencies, very small,

    • 09:02

      STEPHEN GOODIER [continued]: fragmented policing agencies.So the adoption of body worn videois very incremental and very small-scale compared to the UK.But what we are seeing is a general increaseof the use of the cameras.And unfortunately, due to some very recent high profile cases,the body worn video is very much on the agenda,

    • 09:24

      STEPHEN GOODIER [continued]: but it's on a different agenda.It's really much on about the transparency elementof policing, which is slightly different from here in the UK,where it is more evidence-led.Body worn video has a number of operational benefits.It offers compelling evidence.It's that independent witness of an interaction between a policeofficer and a member of the public.

    • 09:48

      STEPHEN GOODIER [continued]: It has transparency of police action.That independent witness allows usto understand what happened between the interactionbetween the officer and the member of the public.Swifter and fairer justice in relation to early guilty pleasif the evidence that we have capturedis compelling evidence.And early resolution of complaints.Again, that independent third party witness

    • 10:12

      STEPHEN GOODIER [continued]: allows us to resolve complaints a lot quicker than before.What I'm most proud of in my workis when I give an officer a cameraand they can't wait to use it.They actually see this as the most essential partof their police equipment.And I quite often hear that it's the best piece of equipmentthat we've ever given them.

    • 10:31

      DISPATCHER: [INAUDIBLE] message?

    • 10:32

      OFFICER 3: Yes, received.

    • 10:32

      STEPHEN GOODIER: What we're seeing now,in relation to body worn video, is an almost an exponentialgrowth in its use across England and Wales.Only very recently, we've seen that the Metropolitan Policehave announced a 22,000-camera deployment to all front lineofficers across Central London.So what we are going to see is a continued growth

    • 10:53

      STEPHEN GOODIER [continued]: of the use of this technology, and on topof that is about how we manage that storage.So we're going to see new ways of centralizing the storage,and about how we can share the video, the content that weproduce, and how we share that with partners so we can startto reduce the justice gap.

Policing and Technology: Body-Worn Video

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Abstract

Stephen Goodier discusses the use of police body-worn cameras and the procedures for using them. Body-worn video is a camera worn on an officer's uniform that records his or her interactions. Goodier discusses the increase of police transparency, evidence gathering, and the use of video in domestic violence cases.

SAGE Video In Practice
Policing and Technology: Body-Worn Video

Stephen Goodier discusses the use of police body-worn cameras and the procedures for using them. Body-worn video is a camera worn on an officer's uniform that records his or her interactions. Goodier discusses the increase of police transparency, evidence gathering, and the use of video in domestic violence cases.

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