Mindfulness in Counseling & Psychotherapy

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    • 00:03

      [MUSIC PLAYING]

    • 00:11

      DR. JODY MARDULA: What I'm going to talkabout in the tutorial is the approach from which mindfulnessin individual therapy is drawn, the mindfulness philosophyand approaches that underpin it, and alsohow we look at mindfulness in individual therapyas an integrative approach.

    • 00:38

      DR. JODY MARDULA [continued]: So before we start, I'm just goingto invite you into a practice.So whatever you're doing, just putting down your pensand paper, and if you can, putting two feet on the floor--and I'm going to ring the bells.[BELLS RING]I'm just asking you to lower your eyesand bring your attention into your body,becoming aware that the body is sitting here,feeling your feet on the ground and the contactof the body on the chair.

    • 01:37

      DR. JODY MARDULA [continued]: Just bringing the attention in, youmay become aware that there are thoughts here.Perhaps the body feels a certain way, warm or cool, whatever.And as best you can, just noticingwhatever is here without trying to change it or push it away.

    • 01:60

      DR. JODY MARDULA [continued]: These few moments of pausing and breathing and sitting here.[BELLS RING]With the sound of the bell just bringing attention backinto me and what I'm saying to you.

    • 02:30

      DR. JODY MARDULA [continued]: The two types of therapy that have developedhave been mindfulness-informed therapyand mindfulness-based therapy, which kindboth coexist together.A mindfulness-informed therapy arisesfrom the therapist's own practice.So that as the therapist sits with the client,they are very aware of their own process and their responseto the client.

    • 02:58

      DR. JODY MARDULA [continued]: And the choices they make in what they sayand how they relate to the clientare impacted on by their mindfulness awareness and alsoof their awareness of what they senseis going on for the other person.

    • 03:19

      DR. JODY MARDULA [continued]: Some of the therapeutic processes which are very commonare transference projection, where the therapist willvery often pick up disowned things whichare projected from the client onto the therapist.A mindfulness practice has been shownto really help therapists to notice and respondto this in a way which is very helpful.

    • 03:42

      DR. JODY MARDULA [continued]: An embodied presence develops.An embodied presence really means just that-- the therapistis very in their own body in that moment.There's a sense of mindful therapynot being about fixing, not about gettingrid of whatever the problem is, but about helping somebodyto open to what is here, because it's already here,and find a way of being with it.

    • 04:13

      DR. JODY MARDULA [continued]: Now in order to do that, it can be very helpful for the clientto take on a certain amount of mindfulness practice.Sometimes that might mean that at the right timein the therapy the therapist willintroduce teaching of practices.They may be very short, like the one we did at the beginning.Or they may be much longer, using CDs and homeworkpractices.

    • 04:37

      DR. JODY MARDULA [continued]: When that happens, we're talking abouta mindfulness-based therapy.Because the therapy, as well as the therapist being informedby mindfulness, the therapy is now based in mindfulness.What is so different about mindfulnessin individual therapy to mindfulness-based cognitivetherapy or mindfulness-based stress reductionis that those are eight-week courses.

    • 05:05

      DR. JODY MARDULA [continued]: They're delivered in a group format,and they're a very set program of teachings.Whereas bringing the values and someof the techniques of mindless into individual therapyis quite different because peoplecome to therapy for maybe a few sessions,maybe for several years.

    • 05:27

      DR. JODY MARDULA [continued]: Therapy means including psychodynamic,person-centered-- there's a great rangeof different therapies.But what underpins both are the foundations of mindfulness,the value of non-judging, for the therapistto be non-judging of themselves and of the other,and for the client to take on that non-judgement,trusting that what will unfold will unfold, that what we needwill emerge from this process, re-perceiving our problemsfrom a different angle instead of getting stuck in just oneway of seeing them, and patience, a sense of acceptanceof all that's here, and letting go.

    • 06:15

      DR. JODY MARDULA [continued]: One of the things we might all know for ourselvesis that when we have a problem, something that distresses us,we want to get rid of it.If we're stressed, we want it to go away.If we have a headache, we want to take pills and get ridof it.And our society tends to encourage that.A mindfulness approach, whilst it doesn't forbid anything,it encourages a being with and the qualities and attitudesof mindfulness that can help people to find that wayto turn towards whatever it is they're bringing.

    • 06:52

      DR. JODY MARDULA [continued]: And when we actually come to deliver mindfulnessin the individual therapy arena, weuse what we call a mindful inquiry.It's a phenomenological inquiry, whichmeans that we ask questions not somuch about what happened then.Tell me your story about what happens when you are anxious.

    • 07:13

      DR. JODY MARDULA [continued]: But what do you notice in your body when you feel anxious?How does that come up for you?Where is it in the body?Because the next stage might be sowhen you breathe into the tightness in the chest,how does that feel?What happens for you?What thoughts are there?

    • 07:34

      DR. JODY MARDULA [continued]: So this inquiry process really helpspeople to explore what goes on in their bodieswhen they are in distress.You can bring the same thing to painbecause often we want to push away pain.Mindfulness helps us to re-perceivewhat goes on for us, to have a different view of ourselvesand what we do.

    • 08:00

      DR. JODY MARDULA [continued]: And with the practices and the breathing,it also helps us to have a way of calmingand to be with what's here so that we can explore itin a different way.So one of the reasons I think this is becoming so popularis because of the chaos and the stress of life now,and how much people are rushing around from place to place,and because it brings the abilityto stop, to pause-- to pause, to breathe, oftento come to a place of inner calm,and to let go some of the thoughts that we get caught in,to have some respite, and to know that thereis this safe base of mindfulness we can turn to.

    • 08:51

      DR. JODY MARDULA [continued]: People who develop a mindfulness practice often say that.They say, it's as if I'm coming hometo another place in my body now.I know I can go to my practice.And that can make a great difference.It's being used very widely, as some of you may know,in schools and with young children.And it isn't difficult to do with childrenbecause as young children, we know how to do this.

    • 09:13

      DR. JODY MARDULA [continued]: We know how to really engage and look and be curious and bekind to ourselves.Kindness is a big part of this.This tutorial has shown that a mindfulness approach canbe used with any therapeutic approach.

    • 09:35

      DR. JODY MARDULA [continued]: And is nonjudgmental, non-fixing,and based on the therapists own practice.So as I ring the bells to finish this tutorial,putting your feet on the ground, taking a deep breath,allowing the breath to move in and out of the body.

    • 09:57

      DR. JODY MARDULA [continued]: [BELLS RING]Thank you.

Mindfulness in Counseling & Psychotherapy

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Abstract

This tutorial on mindfulness in indivdual therapy begins and ends with an invitation to participate in a brief mindfulness meditiation. Bringing the values (non-judgement, patience, acceptance and trust) and techniques (phenomenological inquiry, body awareness and deep breathing) of mindfulness into individual therapy can help a person reperceive their individual struggles.

SAGE Video Tutorials
Mindfulness in Counseling & Psychotherapy

This tutorial on mindfulness in indivdual therapy begins and ends with an invitation to participate in a brief mindfulness meditiation. Bringing the values (non-judgement, patience, acceptance and trust) and techniques (phenomenological inquiry, body awareness and deep breathing) of mindfulness into individual therapy can help a person reperceive their individual struggles.

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