Journalism Innovation leads to Innovative Journalism

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    • 00:00

      [Journalism Innovation leads to Innovation Journalism,by Astrid Gynnnild, University of Bergen][Computational Exploration in Journalism (CEJ)]

    • 00:16

      ASTRID GYNNILD: Hello, I'm Astrid Gynnild.I'm a professor of media studies at the University of Bergen,Norway.I studied journalism innovation and new technologies.In this video I will discuss some implicationsof what I have termed "computational exploration"in journalism.

    • 00:38

      ASTRID GYNNILD [continued]: Now, we know that worldwide, journalism is changing,and it's changing very quickly.On the one hand, news reporters are losing their jobsand news organizations are looking desperatelyfor new business models.On the other hand, innovations-- both within

    • 00:59

      ASTRID GYNNILD [continued]: and outside of the news jobs-- suggestthat there is an untested potentialfor a new future of credible and meaningful journalism.At the same time, journalists and researchershave at least one thing in common.

    • 01:22

      ASTRID GYNNILD [continued]: We all have access to immense amountsof structured and unstructured data on the internet.The question is no longer if thereis any data available, but rather one other qualifyingselection-- what data do we want to tap into?What do we want to know?

    • 01:42

      ASTRID GYNNILD [continued]: Much research is focused on software development,open data, crowdsourcing, et cetera.So far, we know less about human aspects of high tech challengesin journalism.So my idea was to find out more about some human patternsof behavior in this situation.

    • 02:03

      ASTRID GYNNILD [continued]: Who are the actors?What are these actors concerned with?Technological changes cause confusionabout skill development, role changes, collaboration forms,ethics, and new research methods,just to name a few issues.But what else is going on?

    • 02:25

      ASTRID GYNNILD [continued]: By applying an exploratory research design,I focused on two types of empirical data-- internetdata and analog data.Internet data were collected from online news accounts,listservs, news websites, journalism blogs,and online journals.

    • 02:46

      ASTRID GYNNILD [continued]: Simultaneously, I gathered analog datafrom journalism conferences and face-to-face interactionwith a number of news professionals and researchers.The data were manually coded and analyzedto identify the core concerns of the various actors.

    • 03:09

      ASTRID GYNNILD [continued]: So what came out of this study?Actually, the results are quite surprising.We might think that new technology in itselfcreates a lot of problems for journalists, but not so.The big challenge is actually the cognitive expansion

    • 03:31

      ASTRID GYNNILD [continued]: that comes along with a technological experimenting.New insights and reflections callfor new terms and new vocabulary,and when many individuals are experimentingwith the same technologies in parallel,the air is suddenly filled with a lot of new buzzwordsand many new terms.

    • 03:51

      ASTRID GYNNILD [continued]: Conceptualization multiplies, and then new dilemmas arise.For instance, how to separate buzzwords and jargonfrom sustainable concepts?Even when journalists, entrepreneurs, and academicsare basically experimenting with the same things,there might be extensive vocabulary barriers, sometimes

    • 04:16

      ASTRID GYNNILD [continued]: close to conceptual chaos.For instance, who is able to decipher this quotefrom Tim Berners-Lee?[The Web's future lies with journalists who know their CSVfrom their RDF, can throw together some quick My SQLqueries for a PHP or Python output...and discover the story lurking in datasets releasedby governments, local authories, agencies,or any combination of them-- even across national borders.Sir Tim Berners-Lee to the Guardian, 2010]

    • 04:39

      ASTRID GYNNILD [continued]: Thus the main aim with my work isto contribute to conceptual bridgingbetween the different actors.Terms such as data, journalism, computer-assisted reporting,journalism as programming, and computational journalismare actually quite closely related.

    • 04:59

      ASTRID GYNNILD [continued]: As such, they can all be placed under the umbrella term"computational exploration in journalism."At the same time, the various termsserve as identity markers for three different approachesto journalism innovation.Journalists, entrepreneurs, and academics allhave their stake in this naming game.

    • 05:21

      ASTRID GYNNILD [continued]: The merging approaches of computational explorationsuggest the following.The future quality and direction of journalism innovationdoes not depend primarily on technological skills or tools.Rather, it depends on computational thinking, a term

    • 05:42

      ASTRID GYNNILD [continued]: developed by Jeannette M. Wing.Computational thinking refers to smart waysthat human solve problems when they work with technology.Computational thinking is an aspect of human cognition.It includes a range of mental tools.It is therefore not aimed at getting humans

    • 06:04

      ASTRID GYNNILD [continued]: to think like computers, but instead usetheir human potential to the max.So what implications does this have for journalism innovation?It means that no matter the technological tools,

    • 06:26

      ASTRID GYNNILD [continued]: humans are still the ones in charge.Humans are the ones responsible for generating, categorizing,and disseminating the news.So the impact of computational explorationthen depends less on tech-creationthan on the values and goals of the people who are involved.

    • 06:49

      ASTRID GYNNILD [continued]: So maybe, journalism innovation has got moreto do with developing mental tools than with new technologyin the first place?[Journalism innovation leads to innovation journalism--

    • 07:09

      ASTRID GYNNILD [continued]: The impact of computational explorationon changing mindsets.Astrid Gynnild, University of Bergen, Norway]

Journalism Innovation leads to Innovative Journalism

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Abstract

Professor Astrid Gynnild presents the results of her research into how new technologies are affecting journalism and explains how journalists can evolve and survive in the new digital environment.

Journalism Innovation leads to Innovative Journalism

Professor Astrid Gynnild presents the results of her research into how new technologies are affecting journalism and explains how journalists can evolve and survive in the new digital environment.

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