History of Social Work: Mary Richmond and Social Case Work

View Segments Segment :

  • Citations
  • Add to My List
  • Embed
  • Link
  • Help
  • Citations
  • Add to My List
  • Embed
  • Link
  • Help
Successfully saved clip
Find all your clips in My Lists
Failed to save clip
  • Transcript
  • Transcript

    Auto-Scroll: ONOFF 
    • 00:00

      [MUSIC PLAYING]

    • 00:13

      SPEAKER: Since the profession of social workwas established at the start of the 20th century,many social workers have focused their interventionson individuals and families.Having experienced family tragedy and poverty firsthand,Mary Richmond headed the Charity Organization Divisionof the Russell Sage Foundation from 1909until her death in 1928.

    • 00:34

      SPEAKER [continued]: Through her work with the organization,she helped to transform charity organization societiesinto family welfare agencies.Her approach would dominate interventionswith individuals and families for a generationand provide a practice setting for the new social caseworkmethod.Mary Richmond was born in 1861 and held

    • 00:55

      SPEAKER [continued]: a number of clerical positions after shegraduated from high school.She was able to apply her organizational skillsand her experience as a volunteer, friendly visitor,to land a position with the Baltimore COS,which had been founded in 1881.She advanced rapidly in the organization,rising from an assistant treasurer in 1889

    • 01:17

      SPEAKER [continued]: to become the first general secretary of the Baltimore COSin 1891.An active speaker, she called for the establishmentof Schools of Social Work in 1897,and wrote a textbook For Friendly Visitorspublished in 1899.In 1900, she accepted the positionof general secretary of the Philadelphia Society

    • 01:39

      SPEAKER [continued]: for Organizing Charity, as the COS was called in that city.After Mary joined the Russell Sage Foundation,the foundation published two textbooks authored by Richmond.Social Diagnosis in 1917, which wouldbecome the text for a generation of social casework students.And What is Social Casework in 1922.

    • 02:01

      SPEAKER [continued]: In social diagnosis, Richmond mapped outan approach that was sociological ratherthan psychological.She focused on the caseworkers gatheringfacts about their clients work and family histories,education, and attitudes to form a social diagnosis that wouldbe the basis for intervention.Richmond wrote, social diagnosis is the attempt

    • 02:23

      SPEAKER [continued]: to arrive at as exact a definition as possibleof the social situation and personality of a given client.The gathering of evidence or investigationbegins the process.The critical examination and comparison of evidence follows.And last comes its interpretationand the definition of the social difficulty.

    • 02:45

      SPEAKER [continued]: Richmond's approach would inspire other pioneersin social work, notably Bertha Reynolds, whostated that social work is a scientificallyoriented profession which demands alsoprofessional workers who are committed to an unrelentingsearch for truth.Richmond also inspired social work pioneers Virginia Robinsonand Jessie Taft, who would incorporate Richmond's ideas

    • 03:08

      SPEAKER [continued]: into their development of a psychological approachto casework.Russell Sage Foundation staffers,under Richmond's direction, provided consultationand funding to the charity organizationmovement, which would help publish new works in the field.Their encouragement led to the founding of the NationalAssociation of Societies for Organizing Charity in 1911,

    • 03:30

      SPEAKER [continued]: which would later become known as the Alliance for Childrenand Families.Throughout the past 100 years, charity organizations societiestransformed family service agencies.From their origins to today, theycontinue to refine modern social casework methodsand provide benefits to generationsof children and families.

History of Social Work: Mary Richmond and Social Case Work

View Segments Segment :

Abstract

Mary Richmond, having experienced family tragedy and poverty firsthand at the start of the 20th century, focuses her efforts on interventions on individuals and families

SAGE Video Tutorials
History of Social Work: Mary Richmond and Social Case Work

Mary Richmond, having experienced family tragedy and poverty firsthand at the start of the 20th century, focuses her efforts on interventions on individuals and families

Copy and paste the following HTML into your website

Back to Top