Equality

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    • 00:10

      KEITH DOWDING: If two things are identical, in certain respects,then we can say, with regard to those respects,that they are equal.The beginning of equality in political philosophyis that humans are all equal, with respect to their humanity.Aristotle said that you should treat equals equally,and unequals unequally.And that's what we do.

    • 00:30

      KEITH DOWDING [continued]: Parents don't treat other people's childrenin the same way as they treat their own children.When we greet a friend, we might smile and hug them.We don't smile and hug strangers or policeofficers when we meet them.So we treat people unequally when there's a reason to do so.So before the law, people are equals.

    • 00:52

      KEITH DOWDING [continued]: And what that means is is the lawshould treat them equally with regard to whatever itis that they've done.It should not take into account irrelevant characteristics.So when we think about equal treatment within a company,for example, a company might treat some workers differently.They might pay them more, because they work harder,

    • 01:14

      KEITH DOWDING [continued]: because they're more talented, or more educated,or more trained.Or maybe they might pay them more because they'vebeen in the firm longer.These are all characteristics, whichare thought to be relevant.The ethnicity of the worker is not a relevant characteristic.So when we think about equality in politics,we think about reasons why people can justifiably

    • 01:35

      KEITH DOWDING [continued]: be treated unequally.

Equality

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Abstract

Professor Keith Dowding outlines the ways we treat people unequally, based on our relationships and other factors. He also examines factors that are considered relevant and irrelevant in discussions regarding inequality or discrimination.

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Equality

Professor Keith Dowding outlines the ways we treat people unequally, based on our relationships and other factors. He also examines factors that are considered relevant and irrelevant in discussions regarding inequality or discrimination.

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