Elizabeth Page-Gould Defines Intergroup Bias

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    • 00:00

      [MUSIC PLAYING][Intergroup Bias]

    • 00:09

      DR. ELIZABETH PAGE GOULD: Intergroup Biasis an overarching construct that reflectshow we interact with people who comefrom a different social group than us, which werefer to as, outgroup members.So social group is defined, generally,in terms of a collective identity

    • 00:30

      DR. ELIZABETH PAGE GOULD [continued]: that an individual has.So this could be, for example, your race or ethnicity, or sex,your sexual orientation.But it can even be more minimal groups that you are born with,such as your political attitudes,are you a Republican or a Democrat.These are also considered to be social groups,

    • 00:51

      DR. ELIZABETH PAGE GOULD [continued]: and once I identify myself as beinga member of a particular group, such as a Republicanor a Democrat, and I learn that somebody else isa member of the opposite group, thenhow does that affect the way that I think about that person,the way that I feel about the person,and the way that I behavior towards that person.In these three aspects of feelings,

    • 01:15

      DR. ELIZABETH PAGE GOULD [continued]: thoughts, and behavior, are the core componentsof intergroup bias.So the emotional aspect of intergroup biasis what we call, prejudice.It's the positive or negative feelingthat we have about someone simplyby knowing that they belong to a group thatis not one of our own, so that they are an outgroup member.

    • 01:38

      DR. ELIZABETH PAGE GOULD [continued]: And prejudice is what we think about a lot in general,when we think about the ways and the causes of someof the problems in our society.Now, the cognitive aspect of intergroup biasis what we call, stereotyping.So this is where, just because I knowsomeone is a member of another group,I all of a sudden have beliefs about them

    • 01:60

      DR. ELIZABETH PAGE GOULD [continued]: and expectations for them that maybe don't havean emotional component, but then I'mgoing to be biased to perceive that that individual hasthese qualities and characteristics.So stereotyping is really a set of cognitive beliefsthat we have about another personbased solely on knowing their group membership.

    • 02:23

      DR. ELIZABETH PAGE GOULD [continued]: Finally, the behavioral aspect of intergroup biasis what we call discrimination.And this is where we actually treat somebody differentlyas a function of knowing that theybelong to different social group then we do.And certainly all of these things are intertwined.Prejudice arises, in many ways, from stereotyping

    • 02:43

      DR. ELIZABETH PAGE GOULD [continued]: as well as from a lack of familiarity with other people,and it manifests itself in terms of discrimination.So innergroup bias as a whole has these three core dimensionsof affect and prejudice, cognition and stereotyping,and behavior and discrimination.

Elizabeth Page-Gould Defines Intergroup Bias

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Abstract

Dr. Elizabeth Page-Gould defines intergroup bias as an overarching construct that reflects how we interact with people who come from a different social group than us.

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Elizabeth Page-Gould Defines Intergroup Bias

Dr. Elizabeth Page-Gould defines intergroup bias as an overarching construct that reflects how we interact with people who come from a different social group than us.

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