Dustin Garlitz Defines Psychoanalysis and Literary Theory

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    • 00:08

      DUSTIN GARLITZ: My name is Dustin Garlitz.I'm a PhD candidate in philosophy at the Universityof South Florida.The published concept that I'm going to talk aboutis "Psychoanalysis and Literary Theory."It's a published concept that appearedin Cultural Sociology of Mental Illness-- an Ato Z Guide in 2014.The theory of psychoanalysis was first

    • 00:28

      DUSTIN GARLITZ [continued]: developed by Sigmund Freud in Viennaat the turn of the 20th century.Freud, who lived from 1856 to 1939,developed psychoanalysis among literary theory'stextual interpretation of signs, symbols, and signifiers.Furthermore, in his work The Interpretation of Dreams,which dates from 1900, he developed and treated

    • 00:49

      DUSTIN GARLITZ [continued]: psychoanalysis in the context of Sophocles's OedipusRex and Shakespeare's Hamlet.His student Carl Jung would develop psychoanalysisone step further, starting a tradition thatwould become known as "archetypal literary theoryand criticism."Joseph Conrad's 1899 novella Heart of Darknesshas been applied to Jungian psychoanalytic theories

    • 01:10

      DUSTIN GARLITZ [continued]: of archetypes by literary theorists and critics.In his notion of archetypes, Jungemployed theories of symbols and the symbolicin psychoanalysis one step further than his predecessorFreud had.In France, the psychoanalytic theorist Jacques Lacanconducted the well-documented and well-attended seminarthat focused on a close reading of Edgar Allan Poe's

    • 01:31

      DUSTIN GARLITZ [continued]: short story "The Purloined Letter."Lacan's work, especially his seminar on the ethicsof psychoanalysis, has influenced the workof contemporary philosopher and cultural theorist Slavoj Zizekand Zizek employs Lacan's psychoanalytic theoryof jouissance and other psychoanalytic theories

    • 01:53

      DUSTIN GARLITZ [continued]: of Lacan's.And he does so in a continental philosophy contextand it appeals to quite a number of literary theorists.Also, the philosophers Deleuze and Guattarialso employ theories of psychoanalysisthat appeal to scholars working in literary theory.Their scholarly collaborations included a reading

    • 02:15

      DUSTIN GARLITZ [continued]: of Franz Kafka's literary thoughtand elsewhere, they synthesized earlier formsof literary theory with what was at the timea new generation of critical theoryand continental philosophy featuring psychoanalysis.And the most noted of their collaborationswas the two-volume work Capitalism and Schizophrenia.The second volume of Capitalism and Schizophrenia

    • 02:36

      DUSTIN GARLITZ [continued]: was titled A Thousand Plateaus and examined the presenceof novellas in literary theory and criticism,all in the context of psychoanalysis.The methodologies that psychoanalysisand literary theory employ are qualitative.They include the theory of semiotics and continentalphilosophy."Semiotics" is the study of signs.

    • 02:58

      DUSTIN GARLITZ [continued]: "Continental philosophy" is the traditionof philosophical thought stemmingfrom the European continent in the 19th and 20th century.Freud and Jung are studied philosophicallyin many cases and Lacan, Zizek, Deleuze,and Guattari, all considered continental philosophies,have a place in that tradition's history.The methodology within continental philosophythat Lacan represents is post-structuralism.

    • 03:21

      DUSTIN GARLITZ [continued]: Zizek, Deleuze, and Guattari largelyrepresent the methodology of critical theorywithin continental philosophy.Freud's reading of Sophocles's Oedipus Rexforms the theory in his psychoanalysisthat he coined as "the Oedipus complex," whichwas intended to denote the emotionsand ideas that the mind held unconsciouslyin the form of dynamically repressed thought, one which

    • 03:43

      DUSTIN GARLITZ [continued]: motivated a child sexually possess his mother and killhis father.This is a very important theory in psychoanalysisand Shakespeare's Hamlet played an explicit rolein the development of Freud's conceptualizationof this complex and it's one of psychoanalysis's paradigm casesfor the discipline of modern psychology.From the psychoanalytic theories of Freud,

    • 04:07

      DUSTIN GARLITZ [continued]: Jung developed the intellectual nicheof archetypal literary criticism.The unconscious for Jung was an inaccessible part of the mindand he developed notions of both the personal and collectiveunconscious.The implications for psychoanalytic theorywere that archetypes transmitted throughthe collective unconscious involved both the conveyanceof symbols and myths that held particular and general meanings

    • 04:31

      DUSTIN GARLITZ [continued]: to the personal and collective, respectively.And psychoanalytic theories of Jung'sas such were especially pervasive in the underlyingthemes of Conrad's Heart of Darkness.In Lacan's reading of Edgar Allan Poe's"The Purloined Letter," a notion of the signifying chainwas developed, which was groundedin the theory of semiotics and was representative

    • 04:51

      DUSTIN GARLITZ [continued]: of his intellectual era.In general, Lacan's psychoanalytic theoriesrepresented a departure from notionsof the symbolic and Jungian psychoanalysisand rather a return to an engagementwith Freud's original theories of the mind.As such, Lacan has been called "the French Freud."Lacan's post-structuralist theory and its contributions

    • 05:12

      DUSTIN GARLITZ [continued]: to the history of psychoanalysis hasbeen marked by psychoanalytic consequencesof fragmenting the text.This is all very post-structuralist.The French cultural theorist Roland Barthesapplied textual strategies similar to Lacan'sand developed an entire corpus of literary theoryforming these themes that are presupposed by the unconscious

    • 05:34

      DUSTIN GARLITZ [continued]: and by pleasure, streamlining his intellectual thoughtwith the Lacanian psychoanalytical cycleof the concept of jouissance and employing itin the literary theory scholarship of his short bookThe Pleasure of the Text.Lacan originally noted that the unconsciousis structured like a language.Now, Zizek appropriated Lacan's readingof Sophocles's Antigone, given at his 1959 seminar

    • 05:57

      DUSTIN GARLITZ [continued]: "The Ethics of Psychoanalysis."In this seminar, Lacan developed his psychoanalytic theoryof the jouissance with the sexual connotationof the term stemming from the orgasmic, lost in translationwith the usage of the French or the English term "enjoyment."So a lot of the meaning is lost in translation and such

    • 06:19

      DUSTIN GARLITZ [continued]: a concept forms the basis of Zizek's readingsof Lacan's formulas of sexuation and whereit develops in his philosophical stanceon Lacanian psychoanalytic theory, criticism,and in the context of cultural studiesand social and political thought.Deleuze and Guattari developed the conceptof "schizoanalysis" in their two-volume workCapitalism and Schizophrenia.

    • 06:41

      DUSTIN GARLITZ [continued]: It presupposes Freud's original Oedipus complexin clinical settings and then deviatesfrom the presuppositions on grounds of authoritarianismof the psychoanalyst in favor of the subjected patient.The first volume of Capitalism and Schizophreniais in fact titled Anti-Oedipus and was published in 1972.In the second volume, titled A Thousand Plateaus

    • 07:02

      DUSTIN GARLITZ [continued]: and published in 1980, Deleuze and Guattariuse the methodologies of critical theoryand post-structuralism to interpretliterary texts such as novellas and continued the themeof schizoanalysis for which they hadgained a reputation in cultural and literary theory.

Dustin Garlitz Defines Psychoanalysis and Literary Theory

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Abstract

Dustin Garlitz discusses the development of psychoanalysis and its relationship with literary theory. As early as Sigmund Freud and his reading of Oedipus Red, theorists have drawn their ideas about people from literary works. Garlitz traces this trend through Jung, Lacan, Barthes, and several other prominent thinkers.

Dustin Garlitz Defines Psychoanalysis and Literary Theory

Dustin Garlitz discusses the development of psychoanalysis and its relationship with literary theory. As early as Sigmund Freud and his reading of Oedipus Red, theorists have drawn their ideas about people from literary works. Garlitz traces this trend through Jung, Lacan, Barthes, and several other prominent thinkers.

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