Children's Language Development

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    • 00:00

      [Write down what these children say and lookat how they use language.Do they use telegraphic speech, overregularization,or other language patters that are different from the wayadults speak?][ELLA LAUGHS][SPEAKER CHUCKLES]

    • 00:21

      SPEAKER 1: What's that?

    • 00:22

      ELLA: A brown bear.

    • 00:23

      SPEAKER 1: Mm-hmm.What's that?

    • 00:24

      ELLA: A clock-- a ball.

    • 00:28

      SPEAKER 1: What's this one?

    • 00:29

      ELLA: A ball, a butterfly, a toy, a kite, a fish, a fish,a horse--

    • 00:42

      SPEAKER 1: Uh-huh and what's this one?[ELLA LAUGHS]

    • 00:46

      ELLA: An apple.

    • 00:47

      SPEAKER 1: What's that?What's this one?Let's finish naming them.What's this one?Is that a car over here?[ELLA GIGGLES]What is it?What is it?

    • 00:58

      ELLA: It's a house.

    • 00:59

      SPEAKER 1: What about this guy?

    • 01:00

      ELLA: A sun.

    • 01:01

      SPEAKER 1: Right and what's that?

    • 01:02

      ELLA: A kite.

    • 01:03

      SPEAKER 1: And?Nope, that's--

    • 01:05

      ELLA: A butterfly.

    • 01:07

      SPEAKER 1: What's that?[ELLA LAUGHS]

    • 01:09

      ELLA: A butterfly.

    • 01:10

      SPEAKER 1: Is it a turtle?[ELLA LAUGHS]What do you ride on?

    • 01:16

      ELLA: A bike.

    • 01:17

      SPEAKER 1: Right.What's that?

    • 01:19

      ELLA: A train.

    • 01:20

      SPEAKER 1: And this one?

    • 01:21

      ELLA: A crayon.

    • 01:23

      SPEAKER 1: This one?

    • 01:24

      ELLA: Clown.

    • 01:25

      SPEAKER 1: He's called a "jack in the box."You know, when you wind it up-- ding, ding, ding, ding, boo![LAUGHTER]That's what he does, ding, ding, ding, ding, dee, dee, dee, boo![ELLA LAUGHS]

    • 01:38

      SPEAKER 2: Tell me why you like puzzles.

    • 01:40

      ABIGAIL: Because sometimes, I always wantedto play with my mom like my classmates.So I asked some of my classmates that, like, one, like Ellie.So I chase her by running.

    • 01:55

      SPEAKER 2: You do?

    • 01:56

      ABIGAIL: Yeah.

    • 01:56

      SPEAKER 2: And when you catch her, do you do puzzles?

    • 02:00

      ABIGAIL: Not really because they reallydon't have puzzles because they only have Play-Doh, like, here.

    • 02:08

      SPEAKER 2: Oh, like we did, Play-Doh like we did.

    • 02:11

      ABIGAIL: Yeah.

    • 02:11

      SPEAKER 2: Well, I'm glad we have a puzzle here.So do you see any pieces that fit in that puzzle?

    • 02:21

      ABIGAIL: Mm-- this.

    • 02:22

      SPEAKER 2: What is that?

    • 02:23

      ABIGAIL: That's a bear.

    • 02:25

      SPEAKER 2: A bear?Where would you put him?

    • 02:27

      ABIGAIL: Here.

    • 02:27

      SPEAKER 2: Oh, OK.Does he fit?

    • 02:30

      ABIGAIL: Yeah.

    • 02:31

      SPEAKER 2: Good.What do you have now?

    • 02:37

      ABIGAIL: I have a kite.

    • 02:41

      SPEAKER 2: A kite.Can you find a place for the kite?

    • 02:45

      ABIGAIL: Mm-- right here.

    • 02:49

      SPEAKER 2: Nicely done!Oh.Snap.[BOTH CHUCKLE]It went in and it jumped out.Nice job.[SPEAKER 2 CHUCKLES]

    • 02:60

      ABIGAIL: Sometimes, I always like candy, too.

    • 03:03

      SPEAKER 2: Oh, you do?

    • 03:04

      ABIGAIL: Yeah.

    • 03:05

      SPEAKER 2: Because they're sweet, aren't they?

    • 03:07

      ABIGAIL: Yeah but sometimes there's zombies.

    • 03:10

      SPEAKER 2: Oh, really?

    • 03:11

      ABIGAIL: Yeah.[SPEAKER 2 LAUGHS]Sometimes there's always a zombiewho will get out in my mouth.

    • 03:15

      SPEAKER 2: Uh-huh.

    • 03:16

      ABIGAIL: I mean get inside.

    • 03:17

      SPEAKER 2: Oh, my!Then what do you?

    • 03:19

      ABIGAIL: But I just brush them.

    • 03:22

      SPEAKER 2: Oh.

    • 03:23

      ABIGAIL: They might say, No![SPEAKER 2 CHUCKLES]

    • 03:26

      SPEAKER 2: But you can brush them.

    • 03:28

      ABIGAIL: Um, yeah.Sometimes, I always not to do the front.

    • 03:32

      SPEAKER 2: Oh, well, you've got to do the front--

    • 03:34

      ABIGAIL: Yeah--

    • 03:34

      SPEAKER 2: And the back and the inside.

    • 03:38

      ABIGAIL: Yeah.

    • 03:38

      SPEAKER 2: Yeah, all those things.

Children's Language Development

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Abstract

An exercise on the linguistic abilities of young children of different ages. A wide range of expression ability is demonstrated between 3 year-old Ella and 4 year-old Abigail.

Children's Language Development

An exercise on the linguistic abilities of young children of different ages. A wide range of expression ability is demonstrated between 3 year-old Ella and 4 year-old Abigail.

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