Background to Mindfulness

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    • 00:07

      [Background to Mindfulness]

    • 00:11

      RORY SINGER: The origination of the concept of mindfulnessreally goes back to someone called Jon Kabat-Zinn--

    • 00:16

      DR. JODY MARDULA: --who was working in a teaching hospitalat that time in the USA.He started in the early '70s and by the '80s, he had developedan eight week program which he called Mindfulness Based StressReduction--

    • 00:29

      RORY SINGER: --which was working within the hospitalin Massachusetts with people who had sort of high levels of painand illness and was teaching them mindfulness.

    • 00:41

      DR. JODY MARDULA: And the program that he developedhelps people with a whole wide rangeof the sort of every day, and quite severe problemsthat people often have which call stress--physical illness, injury, breakups of relationships,anxiety about exams, all the bread and butter of life.

    • 01:04

      RORY SINGER: And then three eminentcognitive psychotherapists--

    • 01:09

      DR. JODY MARDULA: --one of whom worked here, Mark Williams,who was a professor here in Bangor, together with--

    • 01:14

      RORY SINGER: --John Teasdale-- they're both English.--and then an American Zindel Segal, got togetherto look up the incidence of relapse in depressionwith people on antidepressants, and also peoplewho'd had a course of cognitive psychotherapy,say six or eight sessions.Within a year there was a high level of relapse.

    • 01:38

      RORY SINGER [continued]: So that they got together thinking, well,how can we help people to give themsomething that helps to prevent this relapse into depression soquickly and also at such a high level of relapse.And so they heard about the work of Jon Kabat-Zinnand they studied with him and under himand ready married the two traditionsof cognitive psychotherapy and mindfulness.

    • 02:07

      DR. JODY MARDULA: What this resultedin was the development between the universitiesof Bangor, Toronto, and Cambridgeof a mindfulness based cognitive therapy.It was researched here in Bangor and foundto be an effective treatment for depression.

    • 02:25

      RORY SINGER: There's been a lot of research that'sbeen done in terms of the incidence of relapse of peoplewho do this eight week course and thereis a much lower occurrence of relapse.There's been plenty of research that'sbeen done, a lot by Professor Mark Williams.

    • 02:44

      DR. JODY MARDULA: And this is now in the NICE guidelines,and within the NHS, it is seen as an important treatmentfor depression and increasingly for many other mental healthissues.So the two programs, mindfulness based cognitive therapy,more commonly used with mental health arena,and mindfulness based stress reduction, whichis used for general public for most of us.

    • 03:13

      DR. JODY MARDULA [continued]: Anybody may come along to an MBSR course.Are very present, very active here now and in the UK,there's a huge development of interest in them.[Origins]

    • 03:25

      RORY SINGER: I've been a psychotherapistfor about 25 years.Prior to that I trained as a Buddhist monk in the ThaiForest tradition and so that was my kind of introductionto meditation and specifically to mindfulness, whichis a sort of ancient tradition thatstretches back 2,500 years.

    • 03:46

      DR. JODY MARDULA: It's drawn from Buddhist practices,but it isn't itself Buddhist, so it's secular.There is no religious overtones to it.But the mindfulness practices themselvescome from that long meditation tradition.

    • 04:04

      RORY SINGER: It's a mindfulness comes from,sort of technically, comes from the Pali word, which is Sati.The scriptures of the Buddhist texts were written in Pali.And Sati really translates as to remember.So to remember in this context meansto kind of bring remembrance or to remind ourselvesto be present, the sort of experience of mindfulnesshas very much influenced and informedmy practice as a psychotherapist.

    • 04:38

      DR. JODY MARDULA: I knew many of the people whowere involved to start with with the development of the Centerfor Mindfulness Research and Practice.And through them, I became involved,went on the course, mindfulness based stress reduction,developed my own mindfulness practice,eventually trained as a teacher to teach courses,and then became very interested in howI could bring this mindfulness approach to the workwith my clients in my individual therapy.

    • 05:07

      DR. JODY MARDULA [continued]: At the same time, other therapistsare thinking the same thing.And research began around the effectiveness of mindfulnessin individual therapy.And there is now some research to show an effectiveness,that particularly if the therapist hastheir own practice, they bring a deeper qualityto the relationship, a deeper abilityto empathize, and to connect.

Background to Mindfulness

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Dr. Jody Mardula and Rory Singer discuss the use of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy in the treatment of depression, physical illness, injury, anxiety and more.

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Background to Mindfulness

Dr. Jody Mardula and Rory Singer discuss the use of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy in the treatment of depression, physical illness, injury, anxiety and more.

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