Babies Outdoors

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    Auto-Scroll: ONOFF 
    • 00:16

      SPEAKER 1: Oh, did you see that one?That was a big [INAUDIBLE], wasn't it?Did you hear that?[INAUDIBLE]Nice and fresh.I think that cat's following us, as well.[INAUDIBLE]

    • 00:39

      SPEAKER 1 [continued]: The house.That's Milly, the cat.[CAT MEOWING]What Milly?Do you see her?What's she up to?And Dan.Oh.Gone again.We live in a house, don't we?

    • 00:59

      SPEAKER 1 [continued]: [Babies Outdoors][Play, learning & development]

    • 01:19

      SPEAKER 1 [continued]: [INAUDIBLE]Aren't they?[INAUDIBLE]

    • 01:26

      GLYNN GALLEY: Babies are active participants,and they're all learning.They build on the abilities they're born with.

    • 01:32

      SPEAKER 3: [INAUDIBLE] birds in the sky.

    • 01:36

      GLYNN GALLEY: The input available from the outdoorsis immense.It's varied and different from inside.And the firsthand experiences they get outsidehelps development their brains as theybuild on their movements and what their sense is taking.

    • 01:58

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: The film will follow five babies increasing in age.They'll show what key experiences they really needand how the outdoors stimulates their rapidly growing brainsas they develop through their first year.[Miles]

    • 02:23

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: [6 weeks]Miles wakes up gently into the tree in the natural lightand oxygen rich air.He learns through his movements and his senses.He can hear the voices of his family around himand the wind rustling the leaves.

    • 02:46

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: He feels the breeze on his face, the temperature,and the smells.Visually, he scans the tree and the sky above.Things this far away will be a bit blurred,but he can see the movement and different tools.

    • 03:06

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: It's easiest to focus clearly on mum, because she's closer.Her face is what interests him most at this age.He loves hearing her voice, and at six weeks,is just learning to smile.

    • 03:19

      SPEAKER 3: Hicadoo.That looks marvelous.[INAUDIBLE] smiling.[BABY TALK]

    • 03:34

      GLYNN GALLEY: Here outside, all of Miles' sensesare stimulated, and time spent in this rich environmentwill help him begin to integrate his sensesand start to make sense of the world.[COOING]

    • 03:56

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: [Bobby 3 months]This is Bobby.

    • 04:07

      SPEAKER 1: Oh.How does that feel?

    • 04:11

      GLYNN GALLEY: And here, all her senses are alert.

    • 04:14

      SPEAKER 1: Oh, is that nice and windy?[BABY NOISES]Nice and windy?Feels different on your face, doesn't it?You feeling it with your tongue?

    • 04:34

      SPEAKER 1 [continued]: Oh.So bright.It's so bright out here.

    • 04:41

      GLYNN GALLEY: Babies can sometimesbe difficult to work out, and mum constantlywatches what she thinks Bobby's doing and is interested in.The relationship with mum makes itpossible for Bobby's powerful learning systemsto be activated.

    • 04:56

      SPEAKER 1: [INAUDIBLE]?

    • 04:59

      GLYNN GALLEY: Hearing's her most developed sense.She likes the sound and watching the movement of the branches.

    • 05:04

      SPEAKER 1: Are you watching it?Is it the sound you like?Or is it the movement?[INAUDIBLE]?

    • 05:19

      GLYNN GALLEY: Up close, she can see the detail.

    • 05:22

      SPEAKER 1: That is a leaf.What do you think?

    • 05:30

      GLYNN GALLEY: She's also interested in contrastsand the edges of things.And outside, there are lots of edges set against the sky.

    • 05:38

      SPEAKER 1: Baby, you're looking to the top of him.

    • 05:40

      GLYNN GALLEY: The edges of thingsare important, because they usually indicatewhere objects begin and end.Looking at edges helps her to separate the thingsin a visual field.

    • 05:51

      SPEAKER 1: You're telling me about it, telling mewhat you're going to see.Look. [INAUDIBLE].Really big.It's really high up.You can see things very far away, can't you?[INAUDIBLE]You can hear a lot of noises now.

    • 06:14

      SPEAKER 1 [continued]: [INAUDIBLE]There'll be up there.Oh, [INAUDIBLE] that wind.It's very nice, the wind.Does it feel warm on your head?Oh.

    • 06:34

      SPEAKER 1 [continued]: Do you like that?

    • 06:37

      GLYNN GALLEY: The constant [INAUDIBLE]is vital exposure to words and the language.

    • 06:43

      SPEAKER 1: What is it you can see?You're looking at the fence?It's big, isn't it?It look quite dark over there.

    • 06:51

      GLYNN GALLEY: She makes sure she noticesBobby's movements and facial expressions,and does what she can to let her see and hearwhat she seems to be interested in.

    • 06:60

      SPEAKER 1: See you later outdoors.Shall we go and get warm?Shall we go and get toasty?

    • 07:03

      GLYNN GALLEY: Mum can tell when she's had enough.

    • 07:05

      SPEAKER 1: It's fun though, isn't it?That was fun.Shall we go in?Come on then.[Bobby 5 months]Out for a walk in the park, the rear facing pushchairmeans mum and Bobby can interact as they walk along.

    • 07:26

      SPEAKER 1 [continued]: [BABY NOISES]

    • 07:28

      SPEAKER 1: Oh, that's a big, long chat.

    • 07:43

      GLYNN GALLEY: Babies look longer at the thingsthey find interesting, and during the first year of life,visual stimulation is vital.Out on a walk, there always seemsto be things that interest Bobby and attract her attention.She's attracted to the complex patterns,as well as to the edges of things.So the pattern of the tree's branches against the sky

    • 08:05

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: is fascinating to Bobby, and each tree is different.She concentrates solely on the tree.And then when mum attracts her attention,she concentrates on mum.She can't divide her visual attention between the two yet.

    • 08:21

      SPEAKER 1: He, he, that's a tricky tongue.Would you like to get out?Where's the babies?

    • 08:33

      GLYNN GALLEY: She likes being moved herself.[BABY COOING]And being upside down helps developa sense of motion and position.Movement as a whole is inextricably linkedwith the development of the brain.And babies love active, rough and tumble play.

    • 08:49

      SPEAKER 1: Ah, you're very heavy.Are you crying?[BABY NOISES]Are you?Are you?

    • 09:02

      GLYNN GALLEY: Movement's somethingshe's very interested in.

    • 09:06

      SPEAKER 1: There's lots of people walking over there.

    • 09:09

      GLYNN GALLEY: The movement of people and objectshelps to separate them from the landscape as individual things.

    • 09:15

      SPEAKER 1: Oh, and there's somebody else on wheels.Look at that.Somebody in a pushchair just like you.[COOING]Bobby started babbling-- often, when she's stimulated.

    • 09:35

      SPEAKER 1: You're telling me all about it?Tell me about there's lots more people in this park to see.Is there?Is there a lot more to see?Goodess.Is it?Wow.Oh, I can see another doggie.

    • 09:56

      SPEAKER 1 [continued]: Can you see him?[GASP]Can you see him?Goodness.Are you watching that man?

    • 10:17

      GLYNN GALLEY: There are so many thingsthat she needs to learn about.Some things just suddenly move off the ground.

    • 10:31

      SPEAKER 1: [INAUDIBLE] shadows [INAUDIBLE].Is it wiggling?[INAUDIBLE] going shadows.Oh, gone.There it is.It's gone.There it is.Gone.

    • 10:52

      SPEAKER 1 [continued]: Isn't it nice to watch that water?Can you see the sun in it?

    • 10:60

      GLYNN GALLEY: The physical development is advancing,and she's now starting to reach out to grasp things.

    • 11:05

      SPEAKER 1: Oh.What'd that feel like?Is it very cold?

    • 11:11

      GLYNN GALLEY: With the use of her hands,she's going to start finding out so much more about objects.

    • 11:16

      SPEAKER 1: Shall we throw it together?You want to catch it?

    • 11:20

      GLYNN GALLEY: And it'll soon be asfascinating to her faces are.

    • 11:25

      SPEAKER 1: [INAUDIBLE].Shall I throw it in?

    • 11:28

      GLYNN GALLEY: Just now, they're a bit of a mystery.

    • 11:31

      SPEAKER 1: Wow.

    • 11:31

      GLYNN GALLEY: One stone disappears in the water,for example, but he doesn't know yet that it still exists.

    • 11:41

      SPEAKER 1: How about this one?[Bobby 7 months]You can have a good kick there.

    • 11:53

      GLYNN GALLEY: Bobby's relaxing in the garden.

    • 11:54

      SPEAKER 1: Oh, there she is.

    • 11:56

      GLYNN GALLEY: The hammock's both soothing and stimulating,like being thrown in the air, swinging'san important experience, as it stimulatesthe neurological development of motion and balance.

    • 12:08

      SPEAKER 1: Are we relaxing?

    • 12:13

      GLYNN GALLEY: Her vision's also linking upwith this neurological development.

    • 12:24

      SPEAKER 1: That's pretty nice, isn't it?

    • 12:30

      GLYNN GALLEY: Bobby and mum talk about the cat.At seven months, Bobby's now becomingable to divide her visual attention between mumand the thing they're both looking at.

    • 12:41

      SPEAKER 1: It's a cat.Millie.

    • 12:43

      GLYNN GALLEY: This is called joint attention.

    • 12:45

      SPEAKER 1: That's a tail, a wiggley tail.

    • 12:54

      GLYNN GALLEY: With the use of her hands,she's finding out where her body begins and ends.

    • 13:01

      SPEAKER 1: Having a good stretch?

    • 13:02

      GLYNN GALLEY: Her movements are becomingmore controlled as she coordinates her hand and legmovements.[BABBLING]Her happy bubbling's incorporating more sounds.

    • 13:18

      SPEAKER 1: That's a big chat.That's a big chat.Yes.[LAUGHING]

    • 13:27

      GLYNN GALLEY: She looks carefully at her hands,and then to the sky, quickly focusing from one to the other.She can see the colors and very subtle differencesin the shades of gray in the sky.

    • 13:39

      SPEAKER 1: What can you see over there?Do you see the birds in the sky?[BABBLING]There's been a lot that's happened this morning.That's a big conversation.

    • 14:00

      SPEAKER 1 [continued]: [BABBLING]Is that right?Would you like to have a go in your tummy?Shall we try it on your tum?Oh!Can you see all the daisies from here?You want to get to them?

    • 14:14

      GLYNN GALLEY: Time on the tummy strengthens the muscles neededto reach out and crawl.[BABBLING]

    • 14:20

      SPEAKER 1: Think you can get to them?[GASPS]Well done.That's clever.That's clever.Oh, can you see them all?Oh, good reaching.

    • 14:36

      GLYNN GALLEY: A lot of neurological and anatomicaldevelopment happens in this position.It opens up the spine, allowing more freedom of movementin the joints, and the hands and fingersbecome more available for grasping and feeling.

    • 14:51

      SPEAKER 1: [INAUDIBLE] down there.Why don't we stand your feet on there.That'll feel nice.That'll feel different.

    • 15:06

      GLYNN GALLEY: She feels different textures and surfaceswith her bare feet.It's spongy and tickley.

    • 15:11

      SPEAKER 1: I put my feet on it as well.Look.

    • 15:13

      GLYNN GALLEY: Scientists are discoveringa great deal about neurological development,and they're beginning to understand just howmuch the brain body system needs movementand direct, rich sensory experienceto develop optimally.

    • 15:26

      SPEAKER 1: Is it tickley?What's that you were standing on?You put your hands on it, as well, and your feet.

    • 15:40

      GLYNN GALLEY: She's learning to sit.And a desire to grasp things encourages mumto move her closer to things of interest.

    • 15:51

      SPEAKER 1: Look at that.What's that over there?Tickley glass?Take you over?See if you can get to it.Can you get to it?Oh, that's it.Move your feet.That'll help you get towards there.

    • 16:12

      SPEAKER 1 [continued]: That'll help you get closer.Very good.

    • 16:15

      GLYNN GALLEY: The hands are becoming increasingly usefulas she feels the texture of the grass.[BABBLING]

    • 16:22

      SPEAKER 1: Is that right?

    • 16:31

      GLYNN GALLEY: She can use them to makethings happen, finding out somethingabout cause and effect.

    • 16:44

      SPEAKER 1: That's really strong, isn't it?Isn't that making everything shake?Not to put in our mouths though.Just look at that one.Just looking.[INAUDIBLE]She's shaking it.Oh.You can put it on your face.That's good.

    • 17:04

      SPEAKER 1 [continued]: Put it on your cheek.Does that feel nice?

    • 17:10

      GLYNN GALLEY: Exploring objects involves all the senses.As well as vision and touch, thingsare often put into the mouth, as it's a very sensitive partof the body.It's a good way to find out about the nature of things.

    • 17:24

      SPEAKER 1: Oh.I don't think it'll taste very nice.

    • 17:28

      GLYNN GALLEY: But outside, not everythingshould be [INAUDIBLE].

    • 17:31

      SPEAKER 1: The mom gently stops her.Bobby's increasing interest in objectsmeans she's gradually finding out about their propertiesand what they're like.

    • 18:01

      SPEAKER 1 [continued]: That's good.Oh, they're awful.

    • 18:06

      GLYNN GALLEY: Going to the shops gives Bobbya chance to watch mum as she interacts with others.Where are we going?What a big yawn.

    • 18:20

      SPEAKER 4: Everything's on the doorstep.

    • 18:22

      SPEAKER 1: Yeah, right.

    • 18:23

      SPEAKER 4: I've got a lovely fiver here.

    • 18:26

      GLYNN GALLEY: She's involved with mum's conversation,checking with their reactions to see what's happening.

    • 18:31

      SPEAKER 4: (SINGING) Ta-da-dah.Thank you.

    • 18:34

      SPEAKER 1: Thank you.

    • 18:34

      SPEAKER 4: Great.You've got a beautiful family.I hear your husband's beautiful too.

    • 18:40

      SPEAKER 1: Oh, was that from his sister?

    • 18:42

      SPEAKER 4: Yes.It would be, wouldn't it?

    • 18:45

      GLYNN GALLEY: She mirrors mum's expressions.

    • 18:48

      SPEAKER 1: That was a good joke, isn't it?Is that a good joke?

    • 18:51

      SPEAKER 4: How old is she now?

    • 18:52

      SPEAKER 1: Yeah.Seven months.You're going to have a chat?What do you think, darling.Are you going to join in?Yeah.

    • 19:00

      GLYNN GALLEY: Imitating facial expressionis a way of experiencing the emotion that goes with it.

    • 19:07

      SPEAKER 4: Pretty good.

    • 19:09

      GLYNN GALLEY: Yeah. [INAUDIBLE].

    • 19:10

      SPEAKER 1: Thanks.

    • 19:11

      SPEAKER 4: Bye.

    • 19:11

      SPEAKER 1: See you later.Where should we go?You're watching what everyone's doing?A lot going on this morning.

    • 19:30

      GLYNN GALLEY: The hustle and bustle of the high streetsoffer quite different stimulation to the garden.People are doing things.Vehicles are moving with noise.She's taking it all in.

    • 19:41

      SPEAKER 1: A bit noisy, isn't it?It's a bit noisy.We see everything that's going on, can't we?Now that you're very interested in all these things going on,aren't you, seeing the world?

    • 20:07

      GLYNN GALLEY: Mom hones in on what's of interest to Bobby.

    • 20:09

      SPEAKER 1: Look at this horse Bobby.

    • 20:12

      GLYNN GALLEY: She likes the horse.

    • 20:13

      SPEAKER 1: He's moving.

    • 20:16

      GLYNN GALLEY: She can look at it and to mum,dividing her attention.

    • 20:19

      SPEAKER 1: Do you like the look of him?

    • 20:20

      GLYNN GALLEY: They both share their attentionbetween the horse and each other-- joint attention.

    • 20:31

      SPEAKER 1: Yeah?He's nice, isn't he?

    • 20:33

      GLYNN GALLEY: It's now much more of a proper conversation.

    • 20:39

      SPEAKER 1: Is that right?Is that what you think of him?Inky little squid?And he's got a nice [INAUDIBLE].He looks good, doesn't he?[BABBLING]You had a nice look around town.

    • 21:04

      SPEAKER 1 [continued]: You're very nosy.And you're watching somebody else.You're watching somebody walking.Is that right?Do you prefer it when I keep moving.Oh, that's a very funny face.You're all squashed up.[INAUDIBLE] go like this.

    • 21:25

      SPEAKER 1 [continued]: It was funny.It was.And now, you did it.[INAUDIBLE]Do you like it when we keep moving better?Yeah?

    • 21:36

      GLYNN GALLEY: In these few months,we've seen Bobby changing at an amazing pace.Her brain has been developing rapidly.Mum's been a constant aid in this,as she's tuned into her needs and interests,making the most of the immensely rich stimulationthat the outdoors offers to Bobby.

    • 22:04

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: [Ko 9 months]This is Ko.His mum's home language is Japanese,and she also speaks English.They don't have a garden, but mum takes him out every day.And today, they go to the park.It's a nice day, and he sleeps soundly outside.

    • 22:27

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: Mum makes sure he doesn't get too much sun.Waking up gently, there's lots to see.He sits quietly taking in his surroundings.[SPEAKING JAPANESE]

    • 23:01

      GLYNN GALLEY: It's time to act, and he feels the grassand looks from his hand and the closeup details, then to the distance.His vision and focusing is now nearly as clear as an adult's.And because of the varied visual experience he's had,he has a rich 3-D view of the world.

    • 23:24

      SPEAKER 5: Hm?Hm?[SPEAKING JAPANESE]

    • 23:29

      GLYNN GALLEY: Mum turns his activity into a physical game.[GASPS]

    • 23:32

      SPEAKER 5: (SINGING) Row your boat gently down the stream,merrily, merrily merrily, merrily, life is but a dream.

    • 23:43

      GLYNN GALLEY: Babies have an inert interestin rhythm and musicality, and Ko loves this songand is familiar with it.

    • 23:50

      SPEAKER 5: --(SINGING) gently down the stream-- hm?

    • 23:55

      GLYNN GALLEY: Mum builds up the suspense,and Ko knows what will happen next.He laughs before it happens--[GASPS][LAUGHING]--really enjoying the suspense.Ko loves this more boisterous play.These kinds of physical movementshave far reaching effects on the brain.

    • 24:17

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: It's this kind of play that really stimulateshis vestibular sense, his sense of motion and positionand his proprioceptive sense-- his sense of body awareness.To develop his proprioceptive sense, he stretches out.He feels the position and pressure of his limbs

    • 24:38

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: on the grass, experiencing how his muscles feelwhen they're active.[SPEAKING JAPANESE]Ko has recently learned to crawl.He's very pleased.It's a big development for him.His proprioceptive and vestibular sensesare both stimulated, as well as his ability

    • 25:01

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: to focus quickly from his hands to the distance.It's one of these crawling that these three senses cometogether for the first time and startto become more integrated.Crawling gives him more freedom and meanshe can get to some of the things he's interested in by himself.

    • 25:25

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: Picking the daisies in the grass exercises his fine motor skillsand hand eye coordination.Hands are of vital importance for finding out moreabout the world, for discovering what things are like,and what they can do.They're becoming increasingly sensitive,and handling the things he finds gives hima lot of information about them.

    • 25:47

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: Ko's visual development gets plenty of stimulationfrom this complex visual landscapeas he moves himself into a good viewing position when somethingcatches his attention.[SPEAKING JAPANESE]

    • 26:15

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: He keeps close to mum, crawling around her.She's his safe base from which he can explore.

    • 26:37

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: And he gets the confidence to move further away.He soon comes back.

    • 26:48

      SPEAKER 5: OK.Ko.Yeah, yeah, yeah!

    • 26:54

      GLYNN GALLEY: He uses mum very muchlike a climbing frame for his physical activities,and he pulls himself to standing.

    • 27:01

      SPEAKER 5: Wee![SPEAKING JAPANESE]

    • 27:12

      GLYNN GALLEY: Mum's reaction to his newfound physical abilitiesgive him confidence, and they're both happily excited together.[SPEAKING JAPANESE]Mum acts as a scaffold, both physically and emotionally.[GASPS]

    • 27:35

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: Ko uses her facial expressions and toneof voice as cues as to whether a new situation is good or not,and his confidence to explore outdoors and try new thingsis related to how she reacts in these situations.

    • 27:50

      SPEAKER 5: Ah.[SPEAKING JAPANESE]

    • 27:54

      GLYNN GALLEY: A positive expressiontowards trying something new in an unfamiliar environmentwill encourage him to have a goal, and equally,a negative expression in discouraging.

    • 28:05

      SPEAKER 5: Ko.[GASP]

    • 28:08

      GLYNN GALLEY: The bench seat is the perfect height for himto pull himself up to standing.He likes looking through the holes.He's now getting the hang of the ideathat when things can't be seen, it doesn'tmean they no longer exist.

    • 28:29

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: He's beginning to understand that people and things arepermanent.Hiding games reinforce this idea for Ko.His mum's hand appears and disappears through the bench.

    • 28:42

      SPEAKER 5: Ah-- oh!Touch, touch.

    • 28:50

      KO: Ah.

    • 28:51

      SPEAKER 5: Ah!

    • 28:51

      GLYNN GALLEY: He feels the different texturesof mum's hand and the bench.

    • 28:58

      SPEAKER 5: Oh.

    • 28:59

      GLYNN GALLEY: He uses the bench to start cruisingvery cautiously along it.

    • 29:04

      SPEAKER 5: Ah.[SPEAKING JAPANESE]

    • 29:24

      GLYNN GALLEY: The bench offers lots of potential for Kothat just suits his level of development.[SPEAKING JAPANESE][BABY NOISES]

    • 29:48

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: [SPEAKING JAPANESE]Ko's interest in the leaves encourage him to reach.[SPEAKING JAPANESE]

    • 30:30

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: And when the leaf falls, he knows nowthat it's still there, even when it's out of sight and mum'strying to distract him.His experiences have taught him that it will probablyhave fallen to the ground.That's what things often do.[SPEAKING JAPANESE]

    • 30:54

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: [LAUGHING]He's constantly adding to and changingwhat he knows as his experiences bringhim more evidence about the world and how it works.There's so much to learn.

    • 31:14

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: Mum moves him all around the branchso he can see it from different angles.During his time in the park, Ko's visionhas been stimulated by the complexity of his surroundings.

    • 31:35

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: His physical abilities have been supported and challengedas he moves himself towards the things he's interested in.He's linking up how they feel, look, and behave,and taking in what other people do.

    • 31:55

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: [Lucas 11 months]

    • 32:01

      SPEAKER 6: Do you want to go and play?Oh.

    • 32:05

      GLYNN GALLEY: Lucas is 11 months old,and goes to his nursery a few times a week.The babies here spend time outside every day.[LAUGHING]

    • 32:22

      SPEAKER 6: Are you coming?Are you coming up the hill?Yay.Come on Lucas.I'm going to sun bathe.

    • 32:40

      GLYNN GALLEY: Lucas can crawl and loves stretching his bodyand working out what it can do.

    • 32:45

      SPEAKER 6: Oh.Come on then.Can you get off the grass?

    • 32:57

      GLYNN GALLEY: He feels the grass and watches another babycrawling up a ramp.They're getting used to the feel of different surfaces.The grass is soft and cool, the decking, warmer and ridged.Ground with different slopes are a challenge,and he carefully negotiates this slope.

    • 33:32

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: Jillian, his key person, always watcheswhat he's doing as he's beginningto move away from [INAUDIBLE].Her presence reassures him and gives himthe confidence to explore.He likes to examine the things he finds.

    • 33:53

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: So Jillian stays closeby to keep him safe,but gives him freedom to explore.He's beginning to offer things to other people.It's the social thing to do.He doesn't always let go of them yet.It's more a way of initiating an interactionwith another person.

    • 34:13

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: And outside, there are lots of people of different ages.

    • 34:18

      JILLIAN: Hello.[LAUGHING][INAUDIBLE]Are you [INAUDIBLE]?Are you coming up darling?Come on you.Come on [INAUDIBLE].

    • 34:42

      JILLIAN [continued]: Oh.He's standing up.

    • 34:46

      SPEAKER 8: Hi.

    • 34:47

      JILLIAN: Hiya darling.

    • 34:51

      GLYNN GALLEY: Babies are often attractedto small, intimate places outside to sit and [INAUDIBLE].[LAUGHING]

    • 34:57

      JILLIAN: Where are you?

    • 34:59

      GLYNN GALLEY: It's also a good place to stand and watch.And from here, he can see the gardenfrom a different perspective.

    • 35:05

      JILLIAN: Oh, this is the place to be up here, isn't it?It's our secret hideout.

    • 35:09

      GLYNN GALLEY: But this one has the added bonus of thingsthat blow in the wind.

    • 35:13

      JILLIAN: I think you're happy to be up here, aren't you?[LAUGHING]Oh, look.Oh.Yay.You're strong, aren't you?Going to blow away.Oh!It's gone.

    • 35:34

      JILLIAN [continued]: There you go.Whee.[LAUGHING]Oh!

    • 35:45

      LUCAS: Again?Oh, can you reach it?Wee.

    • 35:59

      GLYNN GALLEY: Lucas also likes this area underneath,on the ground.He uses the spoon as a tool.Soil and mud are irresistible to young children.He finds a stone and offers it to Jillian.

    • 36:20

      JILLIAN: Thank you.[INAUDIBLE]

    • 36:34

      GLYNN GALLEY: He's experimenting,and finds a stone can be used to hit things with.

    • 36:40

      JILLIAN: Oh, that's a good idea.

    • 36:42

      GLYNN GALLEY: As well as leading to interactions,offering often leads to somethinginteresting happening.

    • 36:52

      JILLIAN: [INAUDIBLE], isn't [INAUDIBLE]?

    • 36:54

      GLYNN GALLEY: Babies learn by doing things,but they also learn by watching what others do.

    • 36:60

      JILLIAN: [INAUDIBLE].How about this one?

    • 37:04

      GLYNN GALLEY: Babies learn best when they're relaxed.And his close relationship with Jilliangives him a secure feeling, letting him experiment happily.

    • 37:27

      JILLIAN: You're making lovely sounds.Wow.I heard you.Can you reach this one?A big one, isn't it?

    • 37:46

      GLYNN GALLEY: This area has lots of potentialfor Lucas, making things move, making different noises,using tools, finding out about materials.He's driven to find out what he can make happen in the worldby intentionally experiencing cause and effect.

    • 38:08

      JILLIAN: Are you digging now?Oh.I'm still here.Watch your head.[INAUDIBLE]

    • 38:26

      GLYNN GALLEY: During his time outside, Lucas has been busy.He's been watching all the children,negotiating slopes and services while hecrawls, and has been fascinated by the effects of the wind.While he's been experimenting, he'salways had his key person close at handto extend his experiences and follow his interests.

    • 38:47

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: After his busy morning, he falls asleepoutside in the fresh air.[Dexter 9 months]

    • 39:09

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: This is Dexter.He's out in the garden with dad.Dad's tend to play more actively with babies.And generally, people play more actively with boy babies.Often boys, but also, some girls,need more frequent active stimulationfor their neurological development than others.The space and freedom of movement outdoors

    • 39:31

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: makes it the perfect place for more active play,allowing the brain to develop optimally.Babies need access to the outdoors every day,because they're developing so quickly.

    • 39:44

      SPEAKER 9: Can you feel the wind?It's cold, isn't it?

    • 39:50

      GLYNN GALLEY: He can't wait for a good day.They need to go out for short periods in all weathers.Dexter rubs the snow, and dad copies him.

    • 39:60

      SPEAKER 9: It's cold.

    • 40:02

      GLYNN GALLEY: Together, they hearthe crunchy noise it makes.

    • 40:11

      SPEAKER 9: Does it make a good noise?[INAUDIBLE]Your first snow experience.That's ice.It's cold, isn't it?

    • 40:32

      SPEAKER 9 [continued]: What have you got?

    • 40:34

      GLYNN GALLEY: He watches what dad does with the snow,and copies him.

    • 40:38

      SPEAKER 9: Thank you.

    • 40:40

      GLYNN GALLEY: He feels the temperature and texture of itwith his hands, building off a memory of whatdifferent substances feel like.Tactile experiences are so important at this age.

    • 41:02

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: Crawling on this surface is so different than normal.It's very cold and gives [INAUDIBLE].It's his first experience with snow, so he's a bit cautious.

    • 41:14

      SPEAKER 9: Oh, you're not sure about that.What did you think of that?Did you like the snow?

    • 41:24

      GLYNN GALLEY: Spending time outside exploring and beingactive releases feel good chemicals into the brain,helping to strengthen the bond between Dexter and his dad.

    • 41:34

      SPEAKER 9: [INAUDIBLE].

    • 41:38

      SPEAKER 10: Magic stick.This is my grabbing stick.[11 months]

    • 41:45

      GLYNN GALLEY: Two months later, Dexter'sat the park with this mum.It's another cold day, but they wrapped up warmly.As well as playing with his sticks,he's listening carefully to the birds singing.

    • 41:55

      SPEAKER 10: You hear the birds?Hear the bucks?Beep-poo, beep-poo, beep-poo.[LAUGHING]Wee.Got your stuck.

    • 42:17

      SPEAKER 10 [continued]: Aw, that's not going in there.That fits perfectly, doesn't it?Let's see what else we've got.Where you going?

    • 42:35

      GLYNN GALLEY: Dexter's very recently learned to walk,and because he's so securely attached to his mum,he's also confident to leave her for short times.

    • 43:10

      SPEAKER 10: Huh--.Aw, not again.

    • 43:13

      GLYNN GALLEY: This open space is ideal for practicinghis walking, or pulling things behind him,and changing directions.Walking on the only even grass' surface is more difficult,but he gets some help.

    • 43:36

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: He's beginning to use his first words to stand for things.

    • 43:40

      DEXTER: Bup.

    • 43:41

      GLYNN GALLEY: He calls the dog, "the bup."

    • 43:43

      SPEAKER 10: Dogs.

    • 43:51

      GLYNN GALLEY: He's also very interested in the birds.He can now follow his mum's pointing, followingthe direction of her hand, as well as her gaze,and looks towards what she's pointing at.

    • 44:07

      SPEAKER 10: He's in his tree.

    • 44:09

      DEXTER: Bup.

    • 44:10

      SPEAKER 10: Bup.

    • 44:12

      GLYNN GALLEY: He says "bup" again.He seems to be calling all animals and birds "bups."

    • 44:17

      DEXTER: Bup.

    • 44:17

      SPEAKER 10: Bup?Yep.

    • 44:19

      GLYNN GALLEY: His mum has noticed this,and often adds his word, bup.[12 months]

    • 44:46

      SPEAKER 10: It's water.Sea water.

    • 44:52

      GLYNN GALLEY: There's so much to take in.You see them?They're two birds.You seen the birds?

    • 45:10

      SPEAKER 6: Bup.bup.

    • 45:12

      SPEAKER 10: That's it.Yeah, the bups.

    • 45:14

      GLYNN GALLEY: Birds that sit still, birds that fly,and dogs all seem to have something in common to Dexter.He's categorizing things-- they're all baps.

    • 45:23

      SPEAKER 10: Look at them all.They're everywhere.

    • 45:25

      DEXTER: Bup.

    • 45:26

      SPEAKER 10: Up there.There.See the birds?See them?They're up there, the birdies.

    • 45:39

      DEXTER: Bup.

    • 45:40

      SPEAKER 10: Bup.Bup.Whoo.Black.

    • 45:46

      GLYNN GALLEY: Mum collects some shells.And further up the beach, they find a good place to stop.It's the perfect height for Dexterto stand at and do things.

    • 46:03

      SPEAKER 10: One more big mountain of sand.

    • 46:07

      GLYNN GALLEY: There's always outside.There's so much to look at and take in.He likes sticks.You can do so many different things with them.He rubs it and listens to the sound and the vibrationalon the sound.

    • 46:29

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: He experiments further and tries out different surfaces.[SIGHS]

    • 46:42

      SPEAKER 10: He's licking sand.

    • 46:43

      GLYNN GALLEY: He likes the feel of the dry sand.

    • 46:45

      SPEAKER 1: The sand's very warm, isn't it?You put your hand right in.Oh, it's nice.

    • 46:50

      SPEAKER 2: And mum extends his experience of it.

    • 46:52

      SPEAKER 10: Right in there, like that.Bury your hands.

    • 46:58

      DEXTER: Ba.

    • 46:59

      SPEAKER 10: No, bur--

    • 47:00

      DEXTER: Ba.

    • 47:01

      SPEAKER 10: Bury.

    • 47:04

      DEXTER: Ba, ba.

    • 47:06

      SPEAKER 10: So it disappears in your hands.Look at that.Oh.

    • 47:12

      GLYNN GALLEY: Hiding things in the sandhelps Dexter's understanding of object permanenceas things disappear and reappear again.

    • 47:19

      SPEAKER 10: I'm burying it.I'm burying the shell.Don't eat it.Doesn't taste nice.

    • 47:32

      GLYNN GALLEY: The stick is such an interesting implementto Dexter.[LAUGHING]It can be poked with and banged with,and put into other things.

    • 47:57

      DEXTER: Doi.

    • 48:02

      GLYNN GALLEY: Mum's enthusiastic about the little thingsDexter finds and is interested in.Aw, treasure.What is that?

    • 48:11

      SPEAKER 10: Aw, what's that?That looks like a bit of charcoal.Should we draw with it?

    • 48:18

      GLYNN GALLEY: He clambers and manages to climb up.The stick's still his favorite.He accidentally breaks it.

    • 48:33

      SPEAKER 10: Aw.And he tries to fit it together again.

    • 48:54

      SPEAKER 10 [continued]: [BABBLING]

    • 48:56

      GLYNN GALLEY: Sounds come from all sorts of places outside,and Dexter's twisting around to locatewhere this sound's coming from.[LAUGHING]

    • 49:21

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: It's time to go.There's still work for Dexter to do on his way though.

    • 49:25

      SPEAKER 10: Lots of interesting things you can pick upon the way, isn't there?[INAUDIBLE]Quite hard to walk in sand, isn't it?See that?You can come do that.

    • 49:40

      GLYNN GALLEY: He's learning that heneeds to use these body differently to negotiatemoving through the sand.The rubbery surface is smooth and slippy.

    • 50:09

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: He's still a wobbly walker.And at the minute, he needs a hard, firm roadto walk on steadily.With practice, he'll soon be able to tackleslopes and surfaces that give him the foot.Dexter thrives outdoors.He uses his first word to categorize

    • 50:31

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: the animals he sees and hears as he's out and about.The natural materials and things he findsare perfectly suited to his level of development.His newly acquired ability to walkis practiced with enthusiasm on the varied surfaceshe encounters.

    • 50:54

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: Babies don't just enjoy the outdoors.They need it as they're graduallyintegrating their senses and building uptheir physical systems.Their particular developmental needs are catered for perfectlywith the rich, outdoor environment.All of their senses are stimulated by the complexitiesof the natural world.

    • 51:17

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: There's lots to watch and listen to, both near and far,and their desire for the new and novelis satisfied by the varied and unexpected events thathappened.

    • 51:26

      SPEAKER 1: Look at those.Can you see those ones?

    • 51:27

      GLYNN GALLEY: Their need to find out about thingsencourages touching, reaching, and investigatingas they're inspired by the unlimited resources,and spurred on by a fresh air, their physical movementswill gradually move on as they developthe ability to sit, crawl, stand, and begin to walk.

    • 51:55

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: [Many thanks to all of the children, parents,practitioners and Blyth Sure Start for their participationand help in making this film][Made in conjunction with Jan white, an outdoor playspecialist][Many thanks to Jennie Lindon, Anne O'Connor and MarionDowling for their help and comments along the way.]

    • 52:19

      GLYNN GALLEY [continued]: [Music by Ed Aldcroft][Narrated by Glynn Galley]

Babies Outdoors

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Abstract

This film examines outdoor play with babies and the ways in which it helps develop vision, coordination, motor skills, vocalization and more.

Babies Outdoors

This film examines outdoor play with babies and the ways in which it helps develop vision, coordination, motor skills, vocalization and more.

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