A Newsday Revolution

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    Auto-Scroll: ONOFF 
    • 00:31

      [MUSIC PLAYING]

    • 01:02

      --is bringing belts of rain, will do for the next week.The winds will always be fairly mild.But nevertheless, we'll get those periodsof rain separated by good, clear or even bright, sunny spells.The winds today, not all that strongbut picking up a bit with regard to the rain.Temperatures seasonal norm or just above.

    • 01:22

      The summary then for today.It's 7 o'clock on Tuesday, the 22nd of March,and this is the BBC's Breakfast Time program.A very good morning to you.The news headlines--[A NEWSDAY REVOLUTION]

    • 01:46

      NARRATOR: In the newsroom, the start of another day.Foreign Duty Editor Barry Meadows is first to arrive.In the years he has worked here, television newshas undergone a triple revolution.[MUSIC PLAYING]

    • 02:20

      NARRATOR [continued]: The three revolutions have overturnedthe way news is gathered, edited, and screened.In the beginning, there was film, the medium familiarfrom cinema newsreels.But for TV news, it was slow and cumbersome.

    • 02:43

      NARRATOR [continued]: First, there was the problem of getting it back to base.Foreign stories often appeared days after the event.The film cameraman just had to dispatch his storyas fast as possible.

    • 03:05

      NARRATOR [continued]: Then, whether it was a foreign or a home story,the film had to go through the soup, the messy businessof processing.For 40 minutes or so, the story was untouchable,and this delay had to be built into any scheduling.Today, such leisurely progress would be unthinkable.In the news revolution, electronics

    • 03:25

      NARRATOR [continued]: have superseded chemicals.How does the new technology bring the news to the screen?How have electronics affected the editors?To find out, Horizon spent one day with BBC television news.

    • 03:50

      NARRATOR [continued]: Revolution number one-- news gathering.Tuesday, the 22nd of March starts like any other news day.Industrial news leads the list of today's home stories.The Ferries dispute for the mass meeting at Dover and later,

    • 04:10

      NARRATOR [continued]: discussions at Acas, the conciliation service.Also today, an anti-litter group is getting Mrs. Thatcherto launch their campaign.First pressure will be on the editor of the lunchtime news,Mike Broadbent, a journalist of over 30 years' experience.

    • 04:28

      MIKE BROADBENT: Just been talkingto Fryer about the P&O story.He should have some good stuff from Dover this morning.

    • 04:34

      NARRATOR: He's been in since 7:30.He now has about three hours left to compile a half hournews program.What are the prospects?

    • 04:42

      BARRY: A busy day in Washington.Quite a full program of events with the Schultzand Shevardnadze meeting getting underway.Time table is a 1:30 start our time.Break for lunch at 5:00.The American networks got some useful picturesin the Gulf this morning of the attack on the Norwegian tankerby Iranian gunboats.They've also got coverage of the British warship

    • 05:03

      BARRY [continued]: The Exeter going to aid of the tanker.They'll start coming in at 10 o'clockon satellite from Dubai.

    • 05:08

      SPEAKER 1: Right.Two additions on the home front to the diary.The ferries dispute-- NUS at Doverare meeting to discuss the Dover strike this morning,and John Fryer is there with editing and feeding from Dover.[Dover.John Fryer.Labour Correspondent][BACKGROUND CHATTER]

    • 05:32

      SPEAKER 2: Right.Now what's the lead?

    • 05:34

      SPEAKER 3: It's either--

    • 05:36

      MIKE BROADBENT: It's either Ford,which has been all over the Breakfast Time and the radiothis morning, but wasn't in the papers, or Washington.I think probably Ford.

    • 05:43

      SPEAKER 3: Yeah, I'm going to talk with Washington.[MIKE BROADBENT.EDITOR, ONE O'CLOCK NEWS]

    • 05:44

      NARRATOR 2: The problem with The One O'clock Newsis getting the material back early enough.Today the industrial stories look promising.

    • 05:51

      SPEAKER 3: Morning, Barbara.

    • 05:52

      BARBARA: Hey there.

    • 05:53

      SPEAKER 3: Can you handle the P&O and US story this morning?

    • 05:56

      BARBARA: Mm hmm.

    • 05:56

      SPEAKER 3: John Fryer's gone down to Doverfor this mass meeting of the seamen down there.And he will be doing a self-contained package.He's got everything down there and itwill be fed from Tolsford Hill I shouldthink round about quarter to 1:00, 10 to 1:00.

    • 06:12

      NARRATOR 2: We'll be using the British Telecom transmitternear Dover, 'cause it's the quickestway to get John Fryer's report of the seamen's meeting.[TOLSFORD HILL, near Dover]

    • 06:22

      NARRATOR 2: The tape will be fed from our link van to the mast.And then direct from there to London.[APPLAUSE AND CHEERS]

    • 06:44

      COLIN BENNETT: Well, that's we thinkof your new terms and conditions, Mr. Ford.[CHEERS]

    • 06:49

      COLIN BENNETT: I must say one thing, however.The person who wrote it, he must have been a pal of ours.'Cause it doesn't need any encouragement from meto make this strike go a little bit more solid.[APPLAUSE][GEESE HONKING][ST. JAMES' PARK, London]

    • 07:11

      SPEAKER 4: Too late, Albert.You missed it.

    • 07:14

      ALBERT: Nice to see you gents.

    • 07:17

      SPEAKER 4: It's at the weirdest places these days.

    • 07:24

      ALBERT: I already got enough from his tone.

    • 07:29

      SPEAKER 5: Could you glance up, Prime Minister?[DOVER]

    • 07:39

      JOHN FRYER: Think it'll go on that long, yeah?

    • 07:40

      COLIN BENNETT: Oh yeah.It usually ends up in the late hours in the evening.I just can't do that.

    • 07:45

      JOHN FRYER: No, no.

    • 07:46

      COLIN BENNETT: I need a couple of days off, you know.

    • 07:47

      SPEAKER 6: Can you move like this?[COLIN BENNETT, NATIONAL UNION OF SEAMEN]

    • 07:53

      COLIN BENNETT: The National Union of Seamen,and myself in particular, we're not Luddites.And we recognize that there's got to be change.It's the short period in which the companywishes to introduce the change that's causing the problem.

    • 08:04

      SPEAKER 7: No.

    • 08:05

      SPEAKER 8: In this press release.[ST. JAMES' PARK, London]

    • 08:06

      SPEAKER 7: Oh, nope.

    • 08:06

      SPEAKER 8: Can I speak to him and tell him what I want to do?

    • 08:08

      SPEAKER 7: Yeah.I'll have to stroll you over there to get you to the office.

    • 08:11

      SPEAKER 8: Fine.

    • 08:20

      NARRATOR 2: We've got several plug-in pointsaround central London, originally set upfor the Coronation.Instead of the journey back to White City,the dispatch rider just has to take the tape a few hundredyards to Downing Street, useful especiallyas it's needed for the 11 o'clock summary.

    • 08:38

      SPEAKER 9: And I'll just have a look at the cassette for you.Hold on.As far as I know, there isn't, no.It's about 10 minutes worth of material.So I don't know how much we'll get on to 11.Oh, I don't know if it's even that, to be honest.But we'll find out.

    • 09:01

      SPEAKER 9 [continued]: [THEME MUSIC]

    • 09:06

      SPEAKER 10: From the newsroom, the main stories at 11 o'clock.A Royal Navy destroyer has helpedto rescue four seamen from the blazing Norwegian tankerin the Southern Gulf.The Soviet foreign minister, Eduard Shevardnadze,says he now believes the date for another superpower summitwill be set during his visit to Washington.

    • 09:25

      TIM SEBASTIAN: A smiling Mr. Shevardnadze,on day three of his visit here, goesthrough the motions of negotiating and even askingthe press for advice.[DOVER]

    • 09:35

      NARRATOR 2: John Fryer will put together his own materialin a mobile editing van on the spot.So it will come to us prepackaged and readyto transmit.[TAPE REWINDING]

    • 09:45

      COLIN BENNETT: Reading that, I'm quite sure none of youwant to return to work.

    • 09:50

      JOHN FRYER: Is that the leaflet?Or is that--

    • 09:52

      SPEAKER 11: Terms and conditions.

    • 09:54

      JOHN FRYER: So he's burning the terms and conditions.

    • 09:56

      SPEAKER 11: Yeah.[TAPE REWINDING]

    • 09:60

      JOHN FRYER: I've seen enough, actually.I'll ring the office now, shall I?Is that all right?[DIALING PHONE]

    • 10:14

      JOHN FRYER: Yes.The meeting's just finished and they'veendorsed their position.None of them, or very few of them,are signing the terms and conditions.[TV CENTRE]

    • 10:26

      SPEAKER 12: What have we got, then?

    • 10:28

      SPEAKER 13: Well, it's about 10 minutes of rushesof Thatcher collecting rubbish.[LAUGHS]Various cut-aways and things.So what length are you looking for?

    • 10:38

      SPEAKER 12: [SIGHS] 20 seconds.Totally that sequence.Yeah, that's quite good.I mean, we could say Mrs. Thatcherwent to St. James' Park today to launcha new campaign [INAUDIBLE].

    • 10:53

      JOHN FRYER: Lorry drivers are stillfacing delays of up to 12 hours as the strike disruptsthe port of Dover.

    • 11:01

      SPEAKER 14: Hey, can I show you this, John?There are a little failings.There's no end to the dispute in sight.

    • 11:10

      NARRATOR 2: From Washington, we're taking three satellitefeeds today.[WASHINGTON, DC]For the one o'clock, we'll have a live interviewabout the summit.And later, there'll be a report from Tim Sebastian.

    • 11:22

      TIM SEBASTIAN: Are you putting up any mikes on me?

    • 11:24

      SPEAKER 15: No.

    • 11:24

      TIM SEBASTIAN: Not this morning.So if I stay here, I'm gonna use my little stool.

    • 11:27

      SPEAKER 15: OK.

    • 11:28

      TIM SEBASTIAN: I'll just go behind somebody else.Hello, is Barry there please?It's Tim.Nothing yet, because after the first sessionthere hasn't been any and we won't get any until the StateDepartment briefing.Probably about 12 o'clock today.

    • 11:50

      TIM SEBASTIAN [continued]: All right?So I'll give you a call what I get back to the office.

    • 11:54

      BARRY: OK, Tim.Many thanks for that.[TV CENTRE]

    • 11:56

      BARRY: All the best.Talk to you later.Bye bye.

    • 12:01

      DAVID SHUKMAN: So it's a response to all the attacksthat have been on Iranian ships over the weekend.

    • 12:07

      SPEAKER 16: Sure.

    • 12:08

      DAVID SHUKMAN: So I'll bring in some kind of line about that.

    • 12:10

      NARRATOR 2: I'm making the Gulf tanker rescue the lead story.There's strong British involvement and good satellitepictures.David Shukman will voice them.

    • 12:17

      DAVID SHUKMAN: So what do we got?We got two dead, four badly injured.Is that right?

    • 12:22

      SPEAKER 16: Yeah.10 crew picked up.

    • 12:24

      DAVID SHUKMAN: That's right, OK.Yeah.

    • 12:25

      SPEAKER 16: And all six with less severe injuries[INAUDIBLE].How's the Lynx working out, Ian?

    • 12:30

      IAN: 26 seconds plus the 12 seconds I've counted so far.

    • 12:34

      DAVID SHUKMAN: So we're going to use both tapes?

    • 12:36

      SPEAKER 16: Yes.

    • 12:38

      DAVID SHUKMAN: HMS Exeter responded,sending ahead a two man medical team on a Lynx helicopter.[DAVID SHUKMAN, DEFENCE CORRESPONDENT]

    • 12:44

      DAVID SHUKMAN: Wearing gas masks,they were lowered one by one onto a rescue tug.Once on board, they began treatinga group of the survivors.[TAPE REWINDING]

    • 12:57

      DAVID SHUKMAN: HMS Exeter responded,sending ahead a two man medical team on a Lynx helicopter.

    • 13:19

      SPEAKER 17: Services desk.Test tube baby pioneer Patrick Steptoe has died.

    • 13:24

      SPEAKER 3: What?

    • 13:25

      MIKE BROADBENT: Patrick Steptoe has died.

    • 13:27

      SPEAKER 3: Oh.

    • 13:28

      MIKE BROADBENT: [INAUDIBLE] Patrick Steptoetest tube baby just died.Oh, Caroline.

    • 13:33

      SPEAKER 3: You're welcome to-- Linda Lewis is here.

    • 13:34

      MIKE BROADBENT: Caroline.

    • 13:35

      CAROLINE: Oh, hang on there.

    • 13:37

      SPEAKER 3: Steptoe just has died.

    • 13:39

      MIKE BROADBENT: Yeah.I don't know where to find that.

    • 13:47

      SPEAKER 3: You're around in case--

    • 13:48

      LINDA LEWIS: I am, yeah.

    • 13:49

      SPEAKER 3: Robert, can you work on this?

    • 13:51

      MIKE BROADBENT: Hello?Caroline!What the bloody hell's going on?Caroline!

    • 13:57

      SPEAKER 18: Hold on, we're just doing the headline!

    • 13:59

      MIKE BROADBENT: Well, I'm sorry.But it's urgent!

    • 14:01

      SPEAKER 3: Right.Let's put Steptoe in.We're not going to be ready for a while.Let's put it in 31 and 32, just in casewe can get an act together on that.Script Steptoe pictures.And then get--

    • 14:14

      MIKE BROADBENT: There's no obit, right?

    • 14:16

      SPEAKER 3: As far as we know.Robert?

    • 14:17

      ROBERT: No.

    • 14:18

      SPEAKER 3: There's no obit in the system, is there?Right.

    • 14:22

      MIKE BROADBENT: OK.

    • 14:22

      SPEAKER 3: So we'll have an intro with scripts and Steptoepictures.And then Wilkinson will come up with a studio spot.

    • 14:29

      DRIVER: OK, ta.[ENGINE STARTING]

    • 14:45

      SPEAKER 19: Hello, VTN3.[TOLSFORD HILL]

    • 14:47

      SPEAKER 19: Tolsford Hill here.The tape hasn't arrived yet.But we're expecting him to come any minute now.

    • 15:05

      MIKE BROADBENT: How long will it [INAUDIBLE]?

    • 15:11

      SPEAKER 20: Four, three, two, one, zero.

    • 15:16

      SPEAKER 21: On air.

    • 15:17

      SPEAKER 22: On air.[THEME MUSIC PLAYING]

    • 15:20

      SPEAKER 22: Coming to camera one.Stand by.[THEME MUSIC PLAYING]

    • 15:35

      SPEAKER 20: 10, nine, eight--

    • 15:37

      ANNOUNCER: The One O'clock News from the BBC.With Michael Buerk.[THEME MUSIC PLAYING]

    • 15:46

      MICHAEL BUERK: Good afternoon.The Royal Navy has staged a daring rescue operationto save the crew of a Norwegian tanker on fireafter an attack in the Gulf.

    • 16:00

      MICHAEL BUERK: But is it too late?Setting a date, the summit looks on for May.[TOLSFORD HILL]

    • 16:09

      SPEAKER 19: 323, thanks very much.I have a tape for you.Track two.

    • 16:17

      SPEAKER 23: Page six, Gulf pale.Mr. Abel man's not hearing us, Bob.Counting out of BT.10, nine, eight--[JAMES WILKINSON, SCIENCE CORRESPONDENT]

    • 16:36

      MIKE BROADBENT: I'm just getting a bit worried about how nearwe are to it.I think we'll move it down anyway.Let's move it down to 53, 54, 55.[TYPING][PRINTING]

    • 16:55

      MIKE BROADBENT: The Steptoe story's now just 53.Mike and Kat, 54 BT with James Wilkinson doing a live voice.

    • 17:07

      MICHAEL BUERK: Mr. Abelman, how doyou rate the chances now of Mr. Reagan and Mr. Gorbachevhaving an arms treaty to sign at their summitif it goes ahead in May?

    • 17:15

      MR. ABELMAN: I would rate them as just about zilch.

    • 17:18

      MICHAEL BUERK: The ferry company P&Ohas lifted tomorrow's deadline for striking ferry crewsat Dover to sign new contracts.Our labour relations correspondent John Fryer isin Dover.

    • 17:29

      JOHN FRYER: Lorry drivers are stillfacing delays of up to 12 hours as the strike disruptsthe port of Dover.There are only four sailings with no endto the dispute in sight.Seven weeks into the strike, but therewere few signs of crumbling at this morning's mass meetingin Dover.The company had given the workers till tomorrowto sign new contracts.Their leaders showed what they thought of that.

    • 17:50

      COLIN BENNETT: Well, that's what we think of your new termsand conditions.[APPLAUSE]

    • 17:55

      JOHN FRYER: Hopes now rest on this afternoon's talksat the conciliation service ACAS.

    • 18:01

      MIKE BROADBENT: Sorry?

    • 18:02

      SPEAKER 23: Is that James Wilkinson?

    • 18:04

      MIKE BROADBENT: Yes, yes.

    • 18:05

      SPEAKER 23: Right.Is he in there?

    • 18:07

      MIKE BROADBENT: Yes.

    • 18:08

      MICHAEL BUERK: Within the past half hour,we've heard of the death of the test tube baby pioneer PatrickSteptoe.His family say he died from cancer.Mr. Steptoe was 74.Our science correspondent James Wilkinson--

    • 18:20

      SPEAKER 23: Cut.Cue James.

    • 18:21

      JAMES WILKINSON: Patrick Steptoe,with his colleague Robert Evans, laid the foundationsfor a technique which is now used worldwide to treatcertain kinds of infertility.Thousands of couples have cause to thank themfor their research, which produced Louise Brown.In the late '60s and early '70s, when they embarkedon their research--

    • 18:38

      SPEAKER 20: Run T at five, four, three, two, one, zero.30 seconds remains for pictures.

    • 18:47

      MIKE BROADBENT: 30 seconds there.

    • 18:49

      SPEAKER 20: OK.Counting out.10, nine, eight.60 seconds.

    • 18:54

      JAMES WILKINSON: He was made a fellow of the Royal Society.

    • 18:58

      MICHAEL BUERK: Mrs. Thatcher was given experttuition when she tried her hand as a litter inspectorthis morning.At St. James' Park in London, shelaunched a million pound drive to keep Britain tidyand clean up the worst eyesores.

    • 19:10

      MIKE BROADBENT: Get that message on that.

    • 19:11

      MICHAEL BUERK: More on those stories in our later newsprograms.You've been watching The One O'clock News from the BBC.Good afternoon.

    • 19:20

      SPEAKER 20: Four, three, two, one, zero.Off air.

    • 19:25

      MIKE BROADBENT: Apart from the factyou were five seconds over, that was very good.

    • 19:29

      NARRATOR: Another deadline met.But how did they cope with that late story?

    • 19:33

      MIKE BROADBENT: Yeah.It was flashed on our internal systemjust after quarter to 1:00 and immediately recognizedthat it's a very well known character.We've done a lot of stories about the whole test tube baby,so it's a big story around the world now, was started by him.Fortunately, our medical correspondent James Wilkinson

    • 19:54

      MIKE BROADBENT [continued]: was in the building and knew him very well.So we were able to get film out and get him virtually to ad-libthe piece in the program.So within half an hour of getting the news,it was on the air, in a form in which had we nottold the viewers it just happened,they wouldn't have known.

    • 20:08

      NARRATOR: Technical revolution numbertwo transformed the newsroom itselfand helped with the late story.In a room just behind the studioslies the hardware that has totally changedthe old way of doing things.This is the triple computer that drives ENS,

    • 20:30

      NARRATOR [continued]: the electronic newsroom system.[CLACKING]

    • 20:47

      NARRATOR: Newsrooms used to be awash with paper.

    • 20:50

      SPEAKER 24: There's a plane missing over the Atlantic.

    • 20:52

      NARRATOR: Paper from news agencies in quadruplicate.

    • 20:55

      SPEAKER 25: An airliner?

    • 20:56

      SPEAKER 26: And for the first official duty.

    • 20:60

      NARRATOR: Paper from subeditors, scriptwriters, reporters,news typists.[TYPING]

    • 21:07

      SPEAKER 27: Monetary.M-O-N-E-T-A-R-Y.

    • 21:10

      SPEAKER 28: 36.

    • 21:11

      SPEAKER 29: Yes.

    • 21:11

      SPEAKER 28: Oh, it's a rewrite.

    • 21:11

      SPEAKER 29: Rewrite, mm hmm.

    • 21:13

      NARRATOR: Paper from teleprompter operators.

    • 21:15

      SPEAKER 28: Found shot dead the public prosecutor of Palermo,after forcing his car to a halt and pouring machine gunfire into it.He was returning from laying flowers on his wife's grave.

    • 21:25

      NARRATOR: Today, one machine combinesthe task of teleprinter, typewriter, and teleprompter.This screen and keyboard give journalistsunprecedented flexibility in preparing news programs.At first sight, the keyboard lookslike part of any home computer.

    • 21:46

      NARRATOR [continued]: But this terminal has specialized functions.First, the journalist can receive news directly.Whatever's on his screen at the time,the word urgent is flashed on at the top.He can then key the full story from the news agency.This is what happened at 12:46 with the death of Patrick

    • 22:09

      NARRATOR [continued]: Steptoe.Next, the terminal can be used to display the running order.Gaps are left to accommodate new or late stories.The Steptoe story was first placed at number 31 and 32.

    • 22:36

      NARRATOR [continued]: Then Mike Broadbent thought it wouldn't make it in timeand he dropped it down to 53 and 54.On the terminals, the Steptoe story was simply and quicklyrepositioned.

    • 23:01

      NARRATOR [continued]: The terminal is also a word processor.The journalists input their stories direct.So it replaces both typewriter and news typist.And the computer does all the calculations of timing.

    • 23:24

      NARRATOR [continued]: Every program must be precisely the right length.The introduction to the P&O ferry storywas originally allocated 15 seconds.It worked out longer than that.The script coordinator is responsible for timings.Counting three words to a second,the computer calculates the actual length

    • 23:44

      NARRATOR [continued]: of the ferry story.It turns out to be 29 seconds.The computer system has also modernized the old teleprompterfor news readers.

    • 23:57

      SPEAKER 30: Hello, Pauline.Could I have the running order please?Thank you.

    • 24:04

      NARRATOR: The running order and any scriptare automatically downloaded from the newsroom.All the information appears on the autoscript machinein the studio.The autoscript operator can then check each storyand make last minute alterations.

    • 24:24

      NARRATOR [continued]: Finally, she prepares it for running on a special monitorin front of the news reader.If a hard copy of any story is needed, it can be printed off.The story can be collected from printers in the newsroomor near the gallery in studio.

    • 24:51

      NARRATOR: The next stage of our news dayis in the hands of this man, Bob Wheaton,editor of The Six O'clock News.

    • 24:58

      BOB WHEATON: We're going to lead on Ulster.No, the man appears in court this afternoon.Charged with a number of murders.Six, I think it is, isn't it?[BOB WHEATON, EDITOR, SIX O'CLOCK NEWS]

    • 25:07

      BOB WHEATON: A short sharp piece from Neil Bennett.Barbara, ferries.Peace talks in progress, Linda Lewis.If it's not exciting, I'm inclined justto take some arrival shots to saypeace talks have started, this what they said on the way in.[ACAS, Central London]

    • 25:25

      MCCLOSKEY: Well, after P&O's statement this morningthat they made 57.1 million pound profiton North Sea ferries and European ferries,it seems very little.

    • 25:32

      LINDA LEWIS: So you weren't very happy about that then?

    • 25:35

      MCCLOSKEY: I bloody well wasn't.

    • 25:37

      NARRATOR 2: The Six O'clock News is longer,so we can develop stories more fully and more clearly.For the Six, I'm hoping to carry the ferry story forwardwith a meeting at ACAS.We have a links vehicle down therewith our reporter Linda Lewis.

    • 25:55

      SPEAKER 31: Linda on two.

    • 25:57

      BARBARA: Thanks.Linda, hello.What have you got so far?

    • 26:02

      LINDA LEWIS: We've got McCloskey going in at ACAS.[LINDA LEWIS, REPORTER]And he's fairly rude about P&O's profits.[LAUGHS] I don't know whether we can put swear words on the air,but anyway, he came up with one.Yes, the link's arrived.

    • 26:18

      NARRATOR 2: There'll be special radio linkgear from the roof of ACAS.It's not far away, but we're not certainwhen the meeting will end.And this way we can take it live if we need to.

    • 26:36

      BARBARA: Morgan.

    • 26:37

      MORGAN: Barbara.

    • 26:39

      BARBARA: Linda Lewis.Ferries.

    • 26:41

      MORGAN: Yes?

    • 26:42

      BARBARA: Got two.The first one is the figures.P&O [INAUDIBLE] for the official pre-tax profits.And I won't do any on the shipping costs.All right?

    • 26:53

      MORGAN: All right.Thanks.

    • 26:55

      SPEAKER 32: 902 from 323.Yes, that's fine.Is Linda Lewis with you?

    • 26:60

      SPEAKER 33: Go ahead.

    • 27:01

      SPEAKER 32: She is?

    • 27:03

      LINDA LEWIS: Hi, go ahead.

    • 27:05

      SPEAKER 32: Barbara wants a word.Hang on.

    • 27:08

      BARBARA: Linda, I haven't had a chanceto see the interview with Borders yet.If I can just tell you what I've got on the graphics.

    • 27:16

      LINDA LEWIS: OK, go ahead.

    • 27:18

      BARBARA: If I can find it.We start off on the pre-tax profits at the 100 millionfor the whole group.And then we're adding on the shippingand we go straight to sterling.Is that your idea?

    • 27:31

      NARRATOR 2: The newspapers were full of a rowover some of our videotape from Northern Ireland.And now the Prime Minister's spoken out in the Commons.

    • 27:41

      SPEAKER 34: Then he wants to link into Maggiesaying "The acid test is whether those who profess--"

    • 27:46

      BOB WHEATON: Yes.

    • 27:47

      NICHOLAS WITCHELL: Well, we must be very carefulnot to link those directly.Because the acid test reply is answerto Beaumont-Dark saying that you shouldlimit the number of mourners at funerals to 50.

    • 28:01

      SPEAKER 34: Yeah.

    • 28:02

      NICHOLAS WITCHELL: Yeah?[WASHINGTON, DC]

    • 28:06

      SPEAKER 35: OK.There.

    • 28:11

      SPEAKER 15: Ready when you are.

    • 28:13

      TIM SEBASTIAN: The White House seems to have decided alreadywhat these talks will yield.And that, apparently, is not very much.[TIM SEBASTIAN, WASHINGTON CORRESPONDENT]

    • 28:20

      TIM SEBASTIAN: In any case, for the momentthe Russians are not Mr. Reagan's priority.

    • 28:24

      SUE LAWLEY: He tried and tried again to create a test tubebaby and kept failing.And it was at that point 20 years ago.That's the thought.[INAUDIBLE] to have died at 74.A colleague paid tribute.12, 26, 34.

    • 28:49

      SPEAKER 36: If there's any copy on the summit, [INAUDIBLE].[TYPING]

    • 28:55

      SPEAKER 37: Then we freeze the frame,and that freeze frame becomes the backing or this graphicthat says so on, so on, so on.

    • 29:02

      SPEAKER 38: Yeah.

    • 29:03

      SPEAKER 37: That figure.And in one, the [INAUDIBLE] fit.We then change both the title of the piece--

    • 29:09

      NARRATOR: The graphics workshop.Scene of technical revolution number three.

    • 29:14

      SPEAKER 38: This is the picture you wanted, isn't it?

    • 29:19

      NARRATOR: Graphics in television news show the most visibleof technological changes.A marked contrast to the scene a few years ago.

    • 29:28

      SPEAKER 39: On the BOAC story, we've got two figures here.We want to compare one with the other.I wonder if perhaps an animation or superinversion will do that?

    • 29:36

      SPEAKER 40: Yes.Well, if we use this as a background--

    • 29:38

      SPEAKER 39: Yeah.

    • 29:39

      SPEAKER 40: And something similar to thisas a superimposition with your block of figures and animatethe second [INAUDIBLE].

    • 29:50

      NARRATOR: Cardboard and celluloid for maps and charts.Sign writers freehand in the design.And an embossing machine to print the type for captions.

    • 30:13

      NARRATOR [continued]: The graphics area looked like a decorator's paint shop.Now the paint pots have disappeared.With today's equipment, the graphic designercan mix his colors on an electronic paletteusing a stylus.

    • 30:33

      NARRATOR [continued]: Having perfected his orange, he transfers itto the map he's preparing for The Six O'clock News.Everything he needs is available from the menu,which comes up on his monitor.The digital paint box has replaced brushes and paints.

    • 30:54

      NARRATOR [continued]: Another color for Iraq?Purple, selected with the cursor,is one of 35 colors offered directly from the palette.It's already mixed.The electronic paint box encourages experiment.If names or designs are the wrong coloror in the wrong place, simply change them.

    • 31:20

      NARRATOR [continued]: A major advantage of digital graphicsis that the designer does not need to know anythingabout electronics or computers.Using stylus instead of paint brush,and screen instead of canvas, he can remain creativein the traditional way.In fact, his imaginative scope has beenincreased by the electronics.

    • 31:44

      NARRATOR [continued]: The new graphics have given a stylishnessto the way every design and every mapappears on the screen.Very soon, all this will be in 3D, and allwithin news deadlines.The graphics revolution is still unfolding.

    • 32:05

      NARRATOR [continued]: [MUSIC PLAYING]

    • 32:27

      BOB WHEATON: I think that shot is too long.Make that four seconds.[BOB WHEATON, EDITOR, SIX O'CLOCK NEWS]That one, I'm a bit worried about, actually.I wouldn't come in on it.I'd go to the others, and come into that third shotlater on so that you then move along the road.And come into that about there rather than the earlier

    • 32:48

      BOB WHEATON [continued]: pan across the bodies, OK?Try that, Simon.If it means shortening it, you'll have to shorten it.I can't put that out at six o'clock.OK, bye bye.

    • 32:60

      SPEAKER 40: It says here he's 30-- no.I've got a 34 year-old Protestant.But he's also 32 and he's also 33.That's a problem.

    • 33:07

      BOB WHEATON: Ah, I'll check that for you.

    • 33:09

      SUE LAWLEY: Well--

    • 33:12

      SIMON: Can you call me straight back on 7776?Yeah.

    • 33:15

      BOB WHEATON: Who is that, Simon?

    • 33:17

      SIMON: That's the picture editor.They've been told that they can't use moving pictures.

    • 33:20

      BOB WHEATON: OK.Where is Jeff?Is he in the cutting room?

    • 33:23

      SIMON: Yeah.

    • 33:25

      BOB WHEATON: If you wouldn't mind.I mean, it's a question of a statement.Was it a defense statement?Was it a prosecution statement?

    • 33:31

      SPEAKER 41: Are you ready, Linda?

    • 33:32

      LINDA LEWIS: More or less, yes.The talks have now been underway for just over three hours.P&O say there is room for maneuverover the crucial question of rostering.But they'd still need to find other ways of achievingthe savings they say they need.The lifting of tomorrow's deadlinesfor the acceptance of the new contracts they saywill give the union a breathing space.But with the full weight of the law being held in reserve,

    • 33:54

      LINDA LEWIS [continued]: that breathing space is very limited.Right.That's better.I've got to just move back insideand make sure the contracts.They say they've given the union a breathing space.But with the full weight of the law beingheld very much in first reserve, that breathing spaceis limited.

    • 34:14

      SPEAKER 17: Services desk.The director general has issued a statementdetailing the corporation's policyon untransmitted material in relationto Saturday's Belfast killings.Copies will be on printers shortly.

    • 34:26

      NARRATOR 2: Obviously, I'm going to haveto run this reply from the BBC about the Ulster tapes.And it'll mean the lead story's going to be very much longer.And our report from Belfast is going to be very late anyway.

    • 34:46

      LINDA LEWIS: The stakes have been raised considerablysince the two sides last met at ACAS a week ago.The NUS leader Sam McCloskey out--[TAPE REWINDING]

    • 35:00

      SPEAKER 32: All right?

    • 35:01

      BARBARA: Yeah.Pull the track up there.

    • 35:03

      SUE LAWLEY: Who's in page seven, please?Somebody's in my page seven.Urgent.

    • 35:10

      SPEAKER 42: Karen?

    • 35:11

      SUE LAWLEY: Thank you.I've got it.Somebody's come out.

    • 35:13

      BOB WHEATON: North 85.

    • 35:18

      SIMON: Kevin McPolin.M, small C, P-O, one L, I-N for nuts.

    • 35:33

      SPEAKER 43: OK, come on.

    • 35:35

      TIM SEBASTIAN: Russians are not Mr. Reagan's priority.He was asked this morning what he was doing on Capitol Hill.[REWINDING TAPE]

    • 35:47

      SPEAKER 44: OK.Stand by while I [INAUDIBLE].Go ahead.[LAUGHTER]

    • 35:51

      TIM SEBASTIAN: He wasn't laughing later.He was pushing his campaign to aidthe Contra rebels in Nicaragua.That's a battle with Congress more immediatethan any battle with Moscow.

    • 36:02

      SPEAKER 44: OK.Could you get up to speed please?And we'll start feeding in about 30 seconds.They're up to speed any time you're ready.[SIRENS]

    • 36:20

      TIM SEBASTIAN: The Russians have comewith all the high expectations.The Americans are playing them down.[TV CENTRE]

    • 36:24

      TIM SEBASTIAN: Foreign Minister Shevardnadze in the StateDepartment this morning.Genial, affable, and at least as concernedwith appearance as substance.He was asked this morning what he was doing on Capitol Hill.

    • 36:36

      RONALD REAGAN: Yes, I heard that.I'm just trying to think of the answer.[LAUGHTER]

    • 36:42

      TIM SEBASTIAN: He wasn't laughing later.He was pushing his campaign to aidthe Contra rebels in Nicaragua.That's a battle with Congress more immediatethan any battle with Moscow.In any case, for the moment, the Russiansare not Mr. Reagan's priority.This is Tim Sebastian for The Six O'clock News in Washington.

    • 37:03

      TIM SEBASTIAN [continued]: We made it.

    • 37:11

      NICHOLAS WITCHELL: If that had run incorrectly, [INAUDIBLE].

    • 37:14

      SUE LAWLEY: All right.Point is, we should have been.

    • 37:17

      NICHOLAS WITCHELL: They've got the best part of 20 minutesto get that sorted out.

    • 37:23

      SUE LAWLEY: All right.I'm off.

    • 37:25

      NICHOLAS WITCHELL: All right.I'll see you a bit shortly.

    • 37:27

      SUE LAWLEY: All right.

    • 37:37

      NICHOLAS WITCHELL: Yeah.See you soon.

    • 37:40

      SIMON: Stone from 112 for a little while.

    • 37:43

      BOB WHEATON: To the end, or not?

    • 37:51

      SUE LAWLEY: Thanks.Hello Mark.

    • 38:09

      SPEAKER 45: Your [INAUDIBLE] piece is coming into PC 12 now.

    • 38:13

      NICHOLAS WITCHELL: That's cutting it tight, isn't it?

    • 38:16

      BOB WHEATON: Dick [INAUDIBLE].Is this still coming in?

    • 38:20

      SPEAKER 45: They're taking Ulster now.It should be all right, but it's--

    • 38:22

      BOB WHEATON: OK, run it into TX, won't you?

    • 38:24

      NICHOLAS WITCHELL: Yes.

    • 38:24

      BOB WHEATON: Or play it from 12?I don't know.[BEEPING]

    • 38:31

      NEIL BENNETT: The police officer saidthat when he'd cautioned Stone at 10 past 4:00 this afternoon,he replied, "I alone carried out this military operationas a retaliatory strike against provisional Sinn Feinand the IRA in response to the slaughter of innocents."

    • 38:47

      SUE LAWLEY: You read into BBC?

    • 38:49

      NICHOLAS WITCHELL: Yeah.

    • 38:50

      SUE LAWLEY: OK.

    • 38:51

      NICHOLAS WITCHELL: We're confident of havingpage 13, are we?The political spot?

    • 38:56

      SUE LAWLEY: David's there.

    • 38:57

      SPEAKER 46: Stand by TX with your titles please.Thank you very much.

    • 39:00

      SUE LAWLEY: You will tell me, will you?

    • 39:02

      SPEAKER 46: And stand by TX for the two headlines.

    • 39:12

      SPEAKER 20: Nine, eight, seven, six, five, four, three, two,one, zero.[THEME MUSIC PLAYING]

    • 39:38

      ANNOUNCER: The Six O'clock News from the BBC with Sue Lawleyand Nicholas Witchell.

    • 39:42

      SPEAKER 20: Three, two, one, zero.

    • 39:45

      SUE LAWLEY: Good evening, the headlines at six o'clock.A man has appeared in court in Belfast, chargedwith murdering three people in the gun and grenadeattack on an IRA funeral last week,and with three other murders.Mrs. Thatcher has said everyone, including the news media,has a bounden duty to help bring terrorists to justice.

    • 40:06

      SUE LAWLEY [continued]: Also tonight, the Gulf War, the Royal Navyhave rescued the crew of a Norwegian tanker attackedby the Iranians.And on land, the victims of what the Iranians saywas a chemical attack by the Iraqis.

    • 40:18

      SPEAKER 14: Not in the headlines.

    • 40:20

      JOHN FRYER: No.Well, I wouldn't expect it to be,'cause there's not a conclusion to it yet.

    • 40:24

      BOB WHEATON: I'm still five minutes over.OK, get me a series of things we can drop.[NEIL BENNETT, Belfast]

    • 40:29

      NEIL BENNETT: Michael Stone was brought into court flankedby armed police officers.He had two black eyes.An IMC detective told the court that--

    • 40:39

      SUE LAWLEY: Would you mind at all?I know they hate you turning that knob.

    • 40:42

      KAREN: I know!Minute left on this.

    • 40:46

      SUE LAWLEY: With the [INAUDIBLE] turn it up out there.Then they say they will.

    • 40:54

      KAREN: 10 seconds.

    • 40:55

      NEIL BENNETT: I read his file.He was a legitimate target.

    • 40:57

      NICHOLAS WITCHELL: The prime ministerhas told the House of Commons that everyone, includingthe news media, has a bounden dutyto do everything possible to bring to justice the people whomurdered two soldiers in West Belfast on Saturday.

    • 41:09

      SPEAKER 47: Cut.Go tape.

    • 41:10

      SPEAKER 48: There's 56 seconds on it.

    • 41:12

      SPEAKER 47: OK, we change halfwaythrough to a comp of Thatcher.We don't have the rewrite of 18 yet.

    • 41:23

      SUE LAWLEY: What you got?

    • 41:25

      NICHOLAS WITCHELL: Actually, bring themfrom the front, Karen.It's probably easier to--

    • 41:32

      BOB WHEATON: What's the overrun, Michelle?

    • 41:34

      NICHOLAS WITCHELL: Before the talks at ACAS got underway,the P&O group tried to force annual pre-tax profits.They were up by 100 million pounds on last year.

    • 41:51

      SPEAKER 47: Keep 12 [INAUDIBLE] 13.

    • 41:53

      LINDA LEWIS: They say they've given the union a breathingspace.[LINDA LEWIS, ACAS]

    • 41:56

      LINDA LEWIS: But with the full weightof the law being held very much in first reserve,that breathing space is limited.

    • 42:05

      KAREN: 139 on this.

    • 42:06

      JOHN FRYER: Is paid big money, and the [INAUDIBLE] workmenwere part of it.Now that's all threatened.Competition's become cutthroat.It's working in quite well with Linda's piece, actually.

    • 42:16

      SPEAKER 11: Yeah.

    • 42:18

      JOHN FRYER: So P&O has told its employeesthat their working agreements will have to be torn up.Some crewmen work only 90 days a year,though they say that figure is deceptive.

    • 42:28

      BOB WHEATON: Is there a very strong warningon the gas thing?Can you get me the intro?Come on, Simon.It's a priority.Nick, I hope there's a very strong warningon the next intro.OK, good.

    • 42:42

      SUE LAWLEY: We have received these pictures from Halabja.They are disturbing and they show the victims of the attackand may distress some viewers.[THE GAS ATTACK, DAVID LOYN REPORTING]

    • 42:52

      DAVID LOYN: These are some of the 5,000 peoplewho Iran say have been killed by Iraqi gasattacks in and near the town of Halabja.

    • 42:59

      BOB WHEATON: OK, mate.Thanks.Right, so we'll drop the summit.What page is that?

    • 43:04

      SPEAKER 48: 58, 59.

    • 43:05

      BOB WHEATON: What does that do to the running order?Does it feel right?No, it's not right.And then to punishment.It's not right at all.

    • 43:15

      SUE LAWLEY: Oh, lose Hollins for us.Because we can't telescope the others.Thanks, bye.

    • 43:20

      KAREN: We dropped page 18.Hollins is gone.

    • 43:23

      SUE LAWLEY: That'll do better.

    • 43:24

      NICHOLAS WITCHELL: That'll do it, yes.

    • 43:26

      SUE LAWLEY: Mrs. Thatcher rolled up her sleeves todayfor a spot of spring cleaning.She went to St. James' Park in Londonto launch a new campaign to make Britain tidier.One corner of the park was deliberatelyturned into an eyesore for the occasionand the professionals were on hand.Clearly, Mrs. Thatcher didn't need any special tuition.

    • 43:47

      SUE LAWLEY [continued]: Her two pronged attack was--

    • 43:48

      BOB WHEATON: Where's the two prong?Where's the two prong?

    • 43:51

      SUE LAWLEY: And that was The Six O'clock Newson Tuesday the 22nd of March.The prime minister said mere expressionsof sympathy and condemnation over violence in NorthernIsland were not enough."It is what people do which tells uswhether they're really determined to root outterrorism," she said.

    • 44:07

      NICHOLAS WITCHELL: And Patrick Steptoe,the man who brought the first test tube baby into the world,died.

    • 44:11

      BOB WHEATON: This is the last one.We're dropping the last one.

    • 44:14

      NICHOLAS WITCHELL: The distress of infertility.

    • 44:15

      BOB WHEATON: Drop the last one.

    • 44:15

      NICHOLAS WITCHELL: And devoted his life to helping women.

    • 44:18

      SUE LAWLEY: That's it from us.Martin Lewis and Philip Hayton will be here at nine o'clock.From us, goodnight.

    • 44:24

      NICHOLAS WITCHELL: Well, there we are.

    • 44:26

      SUE LAWLEY: Hmm?

    • 44:27

      NICHOLAS WITCHELL: It was yes, unusual.

    • 44:31

      BOB WHEATON: Bang on.Off air.Thank you, everybody.Thank you very much.Thank you.Thanks, Simon.

    • 44:38

      SUE LAWLEY: I did like this.As you know, I'm a great fan of [INAUDIBLE].

    • 44:43

      NARRATOR: The Six O'clock News, over.When the day started, had they expected all that last minutehassle?

    • 44:50

      BOB WHEATON: There was a lot of last minutehassle with the lead story.The report from Belfast on the appearance of a man in courtcharged with three murders was very late, and at one stage,was threatened to become an inject.Which means it was to be fed live from Belfastrather than received here first.[BOB WHEATON, EDITOR, SIX O'CLOCK NEWS]

    • 45:07

      BOB WHEATON: And after that, came the Commons reportson the BBC and its refusal to hand over the film.And after that, a report by our mediacorrespondent on why the BBC and ITNchose not to allow the IUC to have that untransmitted film.I looked at the report.I decided the balance of it was wrong,and so I dropped it in favor of a clear, straight, simple reply

    • 45:29

      BOB WHEATON [continued]: from the BBC as to why it wasn't allowing the filmto go to the IUC.

    • 45:32

      SPEAKER 49: Why did you drop the Shevardnadze short storyfrom Washington?

    • 45:36

      BOB WHEATON: A question of time.The program was meant to be 32 minutes or so.By the time I went into the gallery,it had grown by a few minutes, and itwas a question of dropping a number of storiesto get out on time.Each program has to get out at exactly the right time.And in my view, there had been no great developmentsin Washington.

    • 45:56

      BOB WHEATON [continued]: And so I dropped it in favor of some other materialwhich I thought the viewer might be more interested in.

    • 46:01

      NARRATOR: And later, they decide the remaining satellite bookingfrom Washington isn't needed either.

    • 46:07

      JEFF: Hello.It's Jeff in news.The Washington at 20:50, could you cancel it please?OK, thanks.

    • 46:15

      SPEAKER 49: So why was the satellite canceled?

    • 46:17

      TIM SEBASTIAN: I think the short answerwas it was a terrible story.The more serious answer is that itwas a heavy news day in London.And it's one of those days where your story has to fightto get into the bulletin.There's a lot of other material around.I think it highlights one important thingabout Washington.We tend to do a lot of stories because we can do them,

    • 46:37

      TIM SEBASTIAN [continued]: because the technology is there to do it.It's not always necessary.Today it wasn't necessary.This was a peripheral story.But we did it because the feeds come in,the technology is there, it's easy to do,it's easy to get a satellite.In fact, it wasn't worthwhile today.But there are plenty of days when it is.Plenty of days when the technology wins through.It didn't today.

    • 46:58

      NARRATOR: In television news, the technology has indeedbeen winning through.And the triple revolution has beenmuch in evidence during Tuesday, March the 22nd.Electronic graphics illustrated the Gulf tanker rescuestory and the Iranian chemical warfare horror,as well as the P&O ferry story.

    • 47:19

      NARRATOR [continued]: Only electronics made such speedy and stylish graphicspossible.The electronic newsroom system eased the late arrivalof the Steptoe story.In the old days, this would probably nothave made the early news, certainly notin such a polished form.

    • 47:41

      NARRATOR [continued]: Electronic news gathering fed the newsfrom Dover, from ACAS, and from Washington with amazing speed.And it's the news gathering revolutionwhich is most affected the content of the news itself.Foreign news has become synonymous with satellites.

    • 48:04

      NARRATOR [continued]: News pictures can be beamed from virtually any cornerof the globe live into people's homes.Satellites and electronic news gathering are powerful tools.But instant access to news has brought its own problems.The old idea of the deadline has disappeared.

    • 48:26

      NARRATOR [continued]: Now the only deadline is the end of the program.Editors have less time to make decisions,and often they can't see stories before they're transmitted.[THEME MUSIC PLAYING]

    • 48:41

      NARRATOR: There is an insatiable appetitefor news on television.If we really want nonstop news programs,the technology is already there to provide it.

    • 48:52

      SPEAKER 50: Good evening.Michael Anthony Stone, a 32 year-old unemployed builder,appeared in a Belfast magistrate's courtthis afternoon.[WRITTEN AND PRODUCED BY CHRISTOPHER RILEY]

    • 49:00

      SPEAKER 50: Stone was brought the two miles from hospitalto Belfast's magistrate's court.[NARRATOR, PAUL VAUGHAN]

    • 49:05

      SPEAKER 50: To stick to principles whichhad guided them in the past.[FILM CAMERAMEN, NIALL KENNEDY, DAVID WHITSON, BILL DUDMAN,JOHN GOODYER]

    • 49:08

      SPEAKER 50: But conservative MPs and unionists too pressed hometheir case tonight.[AND DAVID SWAN, ALEX HANSEN, BRIAN HALL, JOHN BAKER]

    • 49:13

      SPEAKER 50: More than 70 MPs signed a Commons motionexpressing disbelief.

    • 49:16

      SPEAKER 51: Cue Martin.

    • 49:17

      SPEAKER 52: Folks at ACAS to try to end the Dover ferry strikewere adjourned tonight after--[SOUND BY STUART MOSER, JOHN TELLICK, RON KEIGHTLEY,ANTHONY WORNUM][AND MICHAEL TURNER, LES COLLINS, MERVYN BROADWAY,JOHN HALE]

    • 49:28

      COLIN BENNETT: We're not Luddites,and we recognize that there's got to be change.[FILM EDITOR CHRISTOPHER WOOLLEY]

    • 49:33

      SPEAKER 53: So next is 55 and 56.[VIDEOTAPE EDITOR DAVE RIXON]

    • 49:35

      SPEAKER 53: Fine.Camera two close.

    • 49:36

      SPEAKER 51: The prime minister hassaid everyone, including the news media,has a bounden duty to bring terrorists to justice.[GRAPHICS DESIGNER CLIVE HARRIS][ASSOCIATE PRODUCERS GILL BARNES, SIMON CAMPBELL JONES,HILARY HENSON, VIVIENNE KING, LISA WILDE]

    • 49:44

      SPEAKER 51: He said he was disappointedbecause there'd been no proposals on the company.And that's the nine o'clock news tonight.Goodnight.[PRODUCTION ASSISTANT SANDRA FORAN][THEME MUSIC PLAYING][HORIZON UNIT MANAGER ROSEMARY GILLESPIE]

    • 50:01

      SPEAKER 54: Thanks very much, everybody.Thank you.[HORIZON EDITOR ROBIN BRIGHTWELL]

    • 50:04

      SPEAKER 54: Off air.[MUSIC PLAYING]

A Newsday Revolution

View Segments Segment :

Abstract

A film crew follows a day in the life of a broadcast news team to show how advances in media technology have changed the way the news is reported and produced. Circa 1988.

A Newsday Revolution

A film crew follows a day in the life of a broadcast news team to show how advances in media technology have changed the way the news is reported and produced. Circa 1988.

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