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Abortion Laws, United States

The foundation of current abortion law in the United States is the 1973 Supreme Court decision of Roe v. Wade, which held that a Texas criminal ban on abortion violated a woman's constitutional right to privacy guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment's Due Process Clause. Under Roe, states had limited ability to restrict or regulate abortion during the first six months of pregnancy. In the last trimester, states could ban abortion, except when necessary to preserve the life or health of the woman.

Federal and State Funding

In 1976, Congress passed the Hyde Amendment, which excluded abortion from Medicaid coverage, except when necessary to save a woman's life. This law was upheld in a series of Supreme Court cases. Over time, the U.S. Congress made some ...

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