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Guam, an island in the North Pacific Ocean and that is part of the Mariana Islands archipelago, is an unincorporated territory of the United States with an area of 544 square kilometers and an estimated population of 178,430, in July 2009. The United States gained control of Guam from Spain in 1898, and today the island is home to several U.S. military bases. Residents of Guam are U.S. citizens and have a nonvoting representative in the U.S. Congress but are not represented in the Electoral College, which elects the U.S. president. Guam's economy is heavily dependent on tourism and U.S. military spending and imports are far greater than exports. Gross Domestic Product per capita in 2005 was $15,000, with unemployment at 11.4 percent ...

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