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Chapter 74: Women's Leadership in the Development of Nursing
In her 1976 book on the early origins of nursing in the United States, Jo Ann Ashley noted, “Professional nursing must begin exerting open and public leadership…. Nurses must change their own attitudes toward themselves and their role … from meeting the needs of hospitals and physicians to meeting those of the patient and the public” (p. 113).
More than 3 decades later, nursing leadership has moved nursing forward in the direction identified by Ashley. These changes are remarkable considering the history of nursing and the obstacles created ...