The SAGE Handbook of the 21st Century City
Publication Year: 2017
The SAGE Handbook of the 21st Century City focuses on the dynamics and disruptions of the contemporary city in relation to capricious processes of global urbanisation, mutation and resistance. An international range of scholars engage with emerging urban conditions and inequalities in experimental ways, speaking to new ideas of what constitutes the urban, highlighting empirical explorations and expanding on contributions to policy and design. The handbook is organised around nine key themes, through which familiar analytic categories of race, gender and class, as well as binaries such as the urban/rural, are readdressed. These thematic sections together capture the volatile processes and intricacies of urbanisation that reveal the turbulent nature of our early twenty-first century: Hierarchy: Elites and Evictions Productivity: Over-investment and Abandonment Authority: Governance and ...
- Front Matter
- Subject Index
Part I: QUESTIONS OF DEFINITION: AN URBAN COMPENDIUM
- Chapter 2: The Global Urban: Difference and Complexity in Urban Studies and the Science of Cities
- Chapter 3: Urban Studies and the Postcolonial Encounter
- Chapter 4: Elements for a New Epistemology of the Urban
Part II: HIERARCHY: ELITES AND EVICTIONS
- Chapter 5: The Elite Habitus in Cities of Accumulation
- Chapter 6: Reimagining Chinese London
- Chapter 7: Eviction and the Reproduction of Urban Poverty
Part III: PRODUCTIVITY: OVER-INVESTMENT AND ABANDONMENT
- Chapter 8: Global Cities: Places for Researching the Translocal
- Chapter 9: Origins of an Urban Crisis: The Restructuring of the San Francisco Bay Area and the Geography of Foreclosure
- Chapter 10: Urban Economies and Social Inequalities
- Chapter 11: Ruination and Post-industrial Urban Decline
Part IV: AUTHORITY: GOVERNANCE AND MOBILISATIONS
- Chapter 12: The Political Sociology of Cities and Urbanisation Processes: Social Movements, Inequalities and Governance
- Chapter 13: Limits to South Africa’s ‘Right to the City’: Prospects for and beyond Urban Commoning
- Chapter 14: Aesthetic Governmentality: Administering the World-Class City in Delhi’s Slums
Part V: VOLATILITY: DISRUPTION AND ADAPTATION
- Chapter 15: Post-disaster Recovery and Rebuilding
- Chapter 16: What the Eye Does Not See: The Yamuna in the Imagination of Delhi
- Chapter 17: Endangered City: Security and Citizenship in Bogotá
Part VI: CONFLICT: VULNERABILITY AND INSURGENCY
- Chapter 18: The European ‘Refugee Crisis’ in ‘Our’ Cities: Vulnerability, Truth, and Ethics of the Surface
- Chapter 19: The Time of and Temporal (Un)Civility of the City: MENA Urban Insurgencies and Revolutions
- Chapter 20: Violent Infrastructures, Places of Conflict: Urban Order in Divided Cities
Part VII: PROVISIONALITY: INFRASTRUCTURE AND INCREMENTALISM
- Chapter 21: The Majority-world and the Politics of Everyday Living in Southeast Asia
- Chapter 22: Incremental Urbanism and Tactical Learning: Reflections from Mumbai and Kampala
- Chapter 23: Infrastructure Deficits and Potential in African Cities
Part VIII: MOBILITY: RE-BORDERING AND DE-BORDERING
- Chapter 24: City of Migrants
- Chapter 25: The Migrant Street
- Chapter 26: Rethinking Border Cities: In-between Spaces, Unequal Actors and Stretched Mobilities across the China–Southeast Asia Borderland
- Chapter 27: Re-bordering Camp and City: ‘Race’, Space and Citizenship in Dhaka
- Chapter 28: The Essences of Multiculture: A Sensory Exploration of an Inner-City Street Market
Part IX: CIVILITY: CONTESTATION AND ENCOUNTER
- Chapter 29: The Contradictions of Urban Public Space: The View from London and New York
- Chapter 30: The Public Life of Social Capital
- Chapter 31: Johannesburg–Lagos: From the Speculative to the Littoral City
Part X: DESIGN: SPECULATION AND IMAGINATION
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Editor: Natalie Aguilera
Editorial Assistant: Colette Wilson
Production Editor: Sushant Nailwal
Copyeditor: Neville Hankins
Proofreader: Dick Davis
Indexer: Cathryn Pritchard
Marketing Manager: Susheel Gokarakonda
Cover Design: Wendy Scott
Typeset by: Cenveo Publisher Services
Printed in the UK
Editorial arrangement © Suzanne Hall and Ricky Burdett, 2018
Chapter 1 © Suzanne Hall and Ricky Burdett, 2018
Chapter 2 © Susan Parnell and Jennifer Robinson, 2018
Chapter 3 © Ananya Roy, 2018
Chapter 4 © Neil Brenner and Christian Schmid, 2018
Chapter 5 © Mike Savage, 2018
Chapter 6 © Caroline Knowles and Roger Burrows, 2018
Chapter 7 © 2012 by The University of Chicago. All rights reserved.
Chapter 8 © Saskia Sassen, 2018
Chapter 9 © Alex Schafran, 2018
Chapter 9 © 2012 Urban Research Publications Limited. Published by Blackwell Publishing.
Chapter 10 © Fran Tonkiss, 2018
Chapter 11 © Alice Mah, 2018
Chapter 12 © Patrick Le Galès, 2018
Chapter 13 © Patrick Bond, 2018
Chapter 14 © Asher Ghertner, 2018
Chapter 15 © Kevin Fox Gotham and Wesley Cheek, 2018
Chapter 16 © Amita Baviskar, 2011
Chapter 17 © Austin Zeiderman, 2018
Chapter 18 © Christine Hentschel, 2018
Chapter 19 © Anna M. Agathangelou, 2018
Chapter 20 © Wendy Pullan, 2018
Chapter 21 © AbdouMaliq Simone, 2018
Chapter 22 © Colin McFarlane, 2018
Chapter 23 © Katherine Hyman and Edgar Pieterse, 2018
Chapter 24 © Ash Amin, 2018
Chapter 25 © Suzanne Hall, Robin Finlay and Julia King, 2018
Chapter 26 © Xiangming Chen and Curtis Stone, 2018
Chapter 27 © Victoria Redclift, 2018
Chapter 28 © 2013 Taylor & Francis Ltd
Chapter 29 © David Madden, 2018
Chapter 30 © Talja Blokland, 2018
Chapter 31 © Sarah Nuttall, 2018
Chapter 32 © Richard Sennett, 2018
Chapter 33 © Rahul Mehrotra, 2018
Chapter 34 © 2013 Taylor & Francis Ltd
Chapter 35 © Eyal Weizman, 2018
Chapter 36 © Keller Easterling, 2018
Chapter 37 © William Mann, 2018
Apart from any fair dealing for the purposes of research or private study, or criticism or review, as permitted under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1988, this publication may be reproduced, stored or transmitted in any form, or by any means, only with the prior permission in writing of the publishers, or in the case of reprographic reproduction, in accordance with the terms of licences issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency. Enquiries concerning reproduction outside those terms should be sent to the publishers.
Library of Congress Control Number: 2017930833
British Library Cataloguing in Publication data
A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library
Our book is dedicated to students of cities. Our heartfelt thanks extend to the authors of our book, who have given their energy and imagination to this collection.[Page vi]
List of Figures[Page xi]
- 2.1 The great urban acceleration 18
- 3.1 Beneficiary lists (source: photo by author, 2015) 42
- 4.1 The three ‘moments’ of urbanization 54
- 4.2 Moments and dimensions of urbanization 58
- 5.1 Capital in Britain, 1700–2010 76
- 5.2 GBCS social capital: number of different contacts 82
- 5.3 GBCS social capital: status 83
- 7.1 Average annual count of evicted tenants; N = 24,211 tenants evicted from 703 block groups. Data are from Milwaukee County eviction records, 2003–7, and GeoLytics population estimates, 2003–7 111
- 7.2 Adults living in households appearing in eviction court. The black portion of bars represents adults listed on the Summons and Complaint; the striped portion represents adults not listed. Note the different scales. Data are from the Milwaukee Eviction Court Study, 2011 115
- 7.3 Milwaukee County fair market rent, welfare stipend, and minimum wage (140 hours/month). Data are from U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, 2009; Wisconsin Department of Children and Families, 2009; and State of Wisconsin Equal Rights Division, 2009 118
- 7.A1 Filed eviction cases and evicted tenants. Data are from Milwaukee County eviction records, 2003–9 138
- 7.A2 Evicted tenants by month. Data are from Milwaukee County eviction records, 2003–9 138
- 9.1 The Greater Bay Area (13-county version), with urbanized areas shown in grey (source: map created by author based on United States Census, 2010c) 164
- 9.2 Places of work for Tracy residents, 2000 (source: United States Census (2010d); map by Hugo Lefebvre, reprinted with permission) 168
- 9.3 The gap between residential and non-residential construction: percentage of building-permit valuations that are non-residential, Walnut Creek and Antioch, 1990–2008 (source: Construction Industry Research Board, 2010) 169
- 9.4 Simple hierarchy of land use under Proposition 13 (source: derived from Coleman, 2005) 170
- 9.5 African Americans in San Francisco and San Joaquin counties, 1970–2008 (source: California Department of Finance, 2008) 174
- 9.6 Foreclosures per 100,000 population by county, 2002–08 (sources: California Department of Finance, 2008; California Association of Realtors, 2010; DataQuick News, 2010) 175
- 9.7 Poverty rates in San Francisco and Antioch, 1970–2010 (sources: American Community Survey, 2010; United States Census 1970–2000; 2010b) 176
- [Page xii]9.8a & 9.8b Generation X blacks and whites in the Bay Area (source: United States Census 1990–2010; 2010a) 178
- 17.1 Evacuated house in “zone of high risk” (source: Photograph by author, 2009) 321
- 17.2 Cordon sanitaire surrounding the encampment in Third Millennium Park (source: Photograph by author, 2009) 325
- 17.3 Security checkpoint (source: Photograph by author, 2009) 326
- 20.1 Cairo, Tahrir Square, 8 February 2011 (Wikicommons, Ramy Raoof http://www.flickr.com/photos/38290178@N06) 377
- 20.2 Manama, Pearl Roundabout, 14 March 2011 (Wikicommons, http://bahrain.viewbook.com/) 378
- 20.3 Mostar, The Bulevar (Conflict in Cities) 386
- 20.4 Jerusalem, Damascus Gate Light Rail station (Conflict in Cities) 387
- 20.5 Nicosia, map of the walled city (Conflict in Cities) 388
- 20.6 Beirut, Martyrs’ Square and the memorial to the nationalist martyrs (Conflict in Cities) 391
- 23.1 Income distribution across class lines in Africa 432
- 23.2 Infrastructure endowments for African LICs/MICs compared to other global regions 434
- 23.3 Infrastructure spending needs by sector in US$ billion 435
- 23.4 Comparison of infrastructure spending in US$ billion 436
- 23.5 Four scenarios on the future of African cities 442
- 23.6 Dimensions of material reproduction of territories 445
- 25.1 Street interiors: Dimensions, divisions and texture of Alimah’s shop on Stapleton Road (Super-diverse streets, 2015) 466
- 25.2 Multiple journeys: A survey of proprietors on Stapleton Road and their multiple migratory routes (Super-diverse streets, 2015) 468
- 25.3 Diverse uses: Rhythms of activity on Stapleton Road over time (Super-diverse streets, 2015) 471
- 25.4 World to street: A survey of proprietors on Stapleton Road by country of birth (Super-diverse streets, 2015) 473
- 26.1 Yunnan Province and its economic zones and cities bordering Myanmar and Laos 485
- 26.2 The large and growing Myanmar community in Ruili 487
- 26.3 The China–Myanmar oil and gas pipeline 492
- 26.4 The disbanded spaces in the Lao border town of Boten 495
- 26.5 The planned route of the cross-border China–Laos railway 497
- 30.1 Public familiarity 562
- 31.1 Image inspired by Zoo City by Werner Diedericks (source: “Amira & Marabou”, by Werner Diedericks – Doodlewad Illustration) 571
- 31.2 ‘History’ 572
- 31.3 From the literal to the speculative - Lagos’s polluted sea water and the cover of Okorafor’s novel 574
- 31.4 Fabrice Monteiro, The Prophecy series (Fabricemonteiro.viewbook.com) 577
- 34.1 LAPSSET corridor (<2030) and extended corridor (>2030) (source: Lindsay Bremner) 619
- [Page xiii]34.2 Lamu port development map (source: Lindsay Bremner, after JPC & BAC/GKA JV. 2011) 621
- 34.3 Protocols for deterritorialisation (source: Lindsay Bremner, after JPC & BAC/GKA JV 2011) 624
- 37.1 Plan of the remnants of the Old River Lea around Old Ford and Stratford, 2010. Pencil on tracing paper and photographs (Witherford Watson Mann Architects, 2009) 676
- 37.2 Aerial perspective of the Lea Valley including projects from the Upper Lea Valley Landscape Strategy, 2010. Walthamstow Reservoirs, site of Walthamstow Wetlands is at the centre. Pencil and gouache on paper (Witherford Watson Mann Architects, 2010) 678
- 37.3 Model of the Olympic Legacy Masterplan, 2011. Card and graphite (Photograph by David Grandorge) 679
- 37.4 Elevated perspective of the proposed square at Elephant and Castle, 2014. Digital image (Witherford Watson Mann Architects, 2014) 679
List of Tables[Page xiv]
- 7.1 Household eviction rate by neighborhood racial composition 111
- 7.2 Gender differences in eviction rates 112
- 7.3 Tenants in eviction court 113
- 8.1 Total buying of properties in top 50 recipient cities 153
- 9.1 RealtyTrac US metropolitan areas with highest foreclosure rates 161
- 9.2 General revenue by source for California cities, 1972 and 2002 172
- 9.3 Racial change in Contra Costa county cities, 1990–2010 175
- 9.4 Change in median sales price in three zip-code areas, 1988–2009 179
- 23.1 African countries by urbanisation, fertility transition and economic development 431
- 23.2 Access to improved services in Sub-Saharan Africa 434
- 26.1 Urbanization in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) countries 483
- 26.2 Urban primacy in the GMS countries 484
Notes on Editors and Contributors[Page xv]The Editors
Suzanne Hall is an urbanist and has practised as an architect in South Africa. She is Director of the Cities Programme and is an Associate Professor in the Department of Sociology at the London School of Economics and Political Science. Her research and teaching interests are foregrounded in everyday formations of global urbanisation, particularly urban migration in relation to increased mobility and discrimination. Through an ESRC award she has focused on migrant economies and spaces on urban high streets across the UK, engaging with ethnography, postcolonial perspectives of city-making, and visual methods. She is author of City, Street and Citizen: The measure of the ordinary (Routledge, 2012), and a research-based film on Ordinary Streets with Sophie Yetton (2015).
Ricky Burdett is Professor of Urban Studies and Director of LSE Cities and the Urban Age Programme. He was curator of the Conflicts of an Urban Age exhibition at the 2016 International Architecture Biennale in Venice and contributed to the United Nations Habitat III conference on sustainable urbanisation in Quito. He was Chief Advisor on Architecture and Urbanism for the London 2012 Olympics and architectural advisor to the Mayor of London from 2001 to 2006. He was Director of the Venice Architecture Biennale in 2006 and curator of the Global Cities exhibition at Tate Modern in 2007. He is co-editor of The Endless City (2007), Living in the Endless City (2011) and Transforming Urban Economies (2013).The Contributors
Anna M. Agathangelou teaches in Political Science at York University, Toronto. She is the author of The Global Political Economy of Sex: Desire, Violence, and Insecurity in Mediterranean Nation-States (Palgrave, 2004) and co-author with L.H.M. Ling of Transforming World Politics: From Empire to Multiple Worlds (Routledge, 2009). She has also co-edited a special issue with Nevzat Soguk on the Arab uprisings and revolts in Globalizations (Vol. 8 (5), 2011).
Ash Amin is Professor and Head of Geography at the University of Cambridge. He is also Foreign Secretary and Vice President at the British Academy. He writes about race, belonging, cities and political renewal. His latest books are Land of Strangers (Polity, 2012), Arts of the Political (Duke, 2013, with Nigel Thrift) Seeing Like a City (Polity, 2017, with Nigel Thrift), and European Union and Disunion: Reflections on European Identity[Page xvi](British Academy, 2017, co-edited with Philip Lewis). He is currently working on a project on mental health and the metropolis, led by Nick Manning at King's College London.
Amita Baviskar is Professor of Sociology at the Institute of Economic Growth, Delhi. Her research focuses on the cultural politics of environment and development in rural and urban India. Her first book In the Belly of the River: Tribal Conflicts over Development in the Narmada Valley and other publications explore the themes of resource rights, popular resistance and discourses of environmentalism. She is currently studying food and agrarian environments in western India. Her recent publications include the edited books Contested Grounds: Essays on Nature, Culture and Power; Elite and Everyman: The Cultural Politics of the Indian Middle Classes (with Raka Ray); and First Garden of the Republic: Nature on the President's Estate. She has taught at the University of Delhi, and has been a visiting scholar at Stanford, Cornell, Yale, SciencesPo and the University of California at Berkeley. She was awarded the 2005 Malcolm Adiseshiah Award for Distinguished Contributions to Development Studies, the 2008 VKRV Rao Prize for Social Science Research, and the 2010 Infosys Prize for Social Sciences.
Talja Blokland is professor of urban and regional sociology at the Institude for Social Sciences of Humboldt University in Berlin, Germany. Her research interests concern social theory, theories of community and urbanity, segregation and neighbourhood effects, urban poverty and its causes and consequences. Her books include Urban Bonds (2003), Urban Theory (2015, with Alan Harding), editor of Networked Urbanism (with Mike Savage, 2008) and of Creating the Unequal City (with Carlotta Giustozzi, Daniela Krüger and Hannah Schilling, 2016) and Community as Urban Practice (2017). Bloklands work seeks to use ethnographic as well as survey methods to explore issues of place, identity and sociability, especially in contexts of structural inequalities that find spatila expressions.
Patrick Bond is Director of Architectural Research at the University of Westminster, London, UK. Her work interrogates architecture as part of wider material and socio-political dynamics. This has included the project Folded Ocean, which investigated the spatial transformation of the Indian Ocean world and Geoarchitecture, an exploration into intersections between architecture, geology and politics. She currently holds an ERC grant for Monsoon Assemblages, a project researching three South Asian cities as monsoon ecologies.
Lindsay Bremner is Director of Architectural Research at the University of Westminster, London, UK. Her work interrogates architecture as part of wider material and socio-political dynamics. This has included the project Folded Ocean, which investigated the spatial transformation of the Indian Ocean world and Geoarchitecture, an exploration into intersections between architecture, geology and politics. She currently holds an ERC grant for Monsoon Assemblages, a project researching three South Asian cities as monsoon ecologies.
Neil Brenner is Professor of Urban Theory at the Graduate School of Design, Harvard University, where he teaches classes on critical urban theory, urbanization and geopolitical economy. Brenner's previous books include Critique of Urbanization (Birkhäuser Verlag, 2016), Implosions/Explosions: Towards a Study of Planetary Urbanization (editor; Jovis, 2013) and New State Spaces: Urban Governance and the Rescaling of Statehood (Oxford University Press, 2004). Forthcoming books include New Urban Spaces: Urban Theory and the Scale Question (Oxford University Press, 2018) and Is the World Urban? (with Nikos Katsikis; Actar, 2018). Brenner is currently collaborating with Christian Schmid on a long-term project on planetary urbanization.
Roger Burrows is currently Professor of Cities in the Global Urban Research Unit (GURU), School of Architecture, Planning and Landscape, Newcastle University, UK. He was previously Professor of Sociology and Pro-Warden for Interdisciplinary Development at Goldsmiths, University of London.
Wesley Cheek is a Ph.D student in Tulane University's City, Culture and Community program. He researches post-disaster reconstruction, in particular the rebuilding in the Tohoku region of Japan following the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami. Wesley also is an instructor in Ritsumeikan University's International Training Course on Disaster Risk Management of Cultural Heritage. A member of the Science and Technology delegation at the Third United Nations World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction, he has worked as a researcher for Columbia University's National Center for Disaster Preparedness’ Gulf Coast Population Impact Study as well as Ritsumeikan University's study of shinto shrine festivals and disaster in Minamisanriku, Japan. He is author of the chapter “Lessons in Damage Mitigation to Cultural Heritage from the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami” in Architectural Conservation in Asia (Routledge 2016). His dissertation is entitled The Paradox of Community Involvement: Post-Disaster Reconstruction in Minamisanriku, Japan.
Xiangming Chen is the Dean and Director of the Center for Urban and Global Studies and Paul E. Raether Distinguished Professor of Global Urban Studies and Sociology at Trinity College in Hartford, Connecticut. He is also a distinguished guest professor in the School of Social Development and Public Policy at Fudan University in Shanghai. His (co)authored and co-edited books include The World of Cities: Places in Comparative and Historical Perspective (Blackwell Publishers, 2003; Chinese edition, 2005), As Borders Bend: Transnational Spaces on the Pacific Rim (Rowman & Littlefield, 2005), Shanghai Rising: State Power and Local Transformations in a Global Megacity (University of Minnesota Press, 2009; Chinese edition, 2009), Introduction to Cities: How Place and Space Shape Human Experience (Wiley-Blackwell, 2012; second edition, 2017), and Global Cities, Local Streets: Everyday Diversity from New York to Shanghai (Routledge, 2015; Chinese edition, 2016).
Matthew Desmond is a Professor in the Department of Sociology at Princeton University. After receiving his Ph.D. in 2010 from the University of Wisconsin at Madison, he joined the Harvard Society of Fellows as a Junior Fellow. He is the author of four books, including Evicted: Poverty and Profit in the American City (2016), which [Page xviii]won the Pulitzer Prize, National Book Critics Circle Award, and Carnegie Medal, and PEN / John Kenneth Galbraith Award for Nonfiction. The principal investigator of The Eviction Lab, Desmond's research focuses on poverty in America, city life, housing insecurity, public policy, racial inequality, and ethnography. He is the recipient of a MacArthur “Genius” Fellowship, the American Bar Association's Silver Gavel Award, and the William Julius Wilson Early Career Award. A Contributing Writer for the New York Times Magazine, Desmond was listed in 2016 among the Politico 50, as one of “fifty people across the country who are most influencing the national political debate.
Keller Easterling is an architect, writer and Professor of Architecture at Yale University. Her most recent book, Extrastatecraft: The Power of Infrastructure Space (Verso, 2014), examines global infrastructure networks as a medium of polity. Her work explores relations between infrastructure, space and politics as reflected in earlier publications, including Enduring Innocence: Global Architecture and its Political Masquerades (MIT, 2005), which researched familiar spatial products in difficult or hyperbolic political situations around the world; and Organization Space: Landscapes, Highways and Houses in America (MIT, 1999), which applied network theory to a discussion of American infrastructure.
Robin Finlay is a social and cultural geographer with a specific interest in urban geographies of diasporas and migration researcher in human geography. He is lead researcher on the AHRC funded project ‘Muslim Young People's Political Participation in Scotland'. Robin's Ph.D. examined Moroccan diaspora formations in the city of Granada in southern Spain. He has worked as researcher at LSE Cities on the ‘Super-diverse streets: Economies and spaces of urban migration in UK Cities’ project. He also has government and policy research experience, working as quantitate researcher at the Migration and Borders Analysis team at the Home Office in London. Robin has contributed to teaching at Newcastle University, leading seminars at undergraduate and postgraduate level and lectures at undergraduate level.
D. Asher Ghertner is Associate Professor of Geography and Director of the South Asian Studies Program at Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA. He is the author of Rule by Aesthetics: World-Class City Making in Delhi (Oxford University Press, 2015) an ethnography of mass slum demolition that charts the rise of a mode of governing space premised on urban aesthetics. His research more broadly explores informal settlements, technologies of displacement, the everyday state, and urban environmental politics in India.
Kevin Gotham is Associate Dean of Graduate Programs, Grants, and Research in the School of Liberal Arts (SLA) and Professor of Sociology at Tulane University. He has research interests in real estate and mortgage markets, the political economy of tourism, and post-disaster redevelopment. He is author of Crisis Cities: Disaster and Redevelopment in New York and New Orleans (with Miriam Greenberg, Oxford University Press, 2014), Race, Real Estate and Uneven Development: The Kansas City Experience, 1900-2010 (SUNY Press, 2014, second edition), Authentic New Orleans: Race, Culture, and Tourism in the Big Easy (NYU Press, 2007), and Critical Perspectives on Urban Redevelopment [Page xix](2001, Elsevier Press). He has authored over 100 peer-reviewed articles and book chapters on housing policy, racial segregation, urban redevelopment, and tourism.
Christine Hentschel is Professor of Criminology at the Social Science Department at Hamburg University. She is author of Security in the Bubble: Navigating Space in Urban South Africa (University of Minnesota Press, 2015). Her research is concerned with questions of vulnerability and uncertainty as they play out on urban grounds as well as right-wing populisms and emerging regimes of truth.
Katherine Hyman is a Post-Doctoral Research Fellow at the African Centre for Cities, at the University of Cape Town. Her research interests evolve around the question of urban sustainability in cities of the global south through the lens of sustainable urban infrastructure, and the role of urban infrastructure as an intervention point for activating purposive sustainable urban transitions.
Julia King is an architect and urban researcher and her work is concerned with housing, sanitation infrastructure, urban planning, and participatory design processes. She is based at LSE Cities, where she has worked on ‘Super-diverse streets: Economies and spaces of urban migration in UK Cities’ and is currently working on initiatives in India. She has won numerous awards including a Holcim Award (2011), SEED Award for ‘Excellence in Public Interest Design’ (2014), Emerging Woman Architect of the Year (2014) and the 1851 Royal Commission Design Fellowship (2017). She has taught at the Bartlett School of Architecture, Architectural Association and the CASS, Faculty of Art, Architecture and Design; where she recently completed her Ph.D. by-practice titled ‘Incremental Cities: Discovering the Sweet Spot for making town-within-a-city’ which looked at resettlement colonies in Delhi, India.
Caroline Knowles is the director of the Centre for Urban and Community Research (CUCR) and professor of Sociology at Goldsmiths, University of London. She writes about global circulations of people and things. Her most recent book is Flip-Flop: A Journey Through Globalisation's Backroads, Pluto 2014. www.flipfloptrail.com
Patrick Le Galès FBA, is CNRS research professor in politics and sociology at Sciences Po, Centre d'Etudes Européennes et de Politique comparée, co director of the research group ‘Cities are back in town', Dean Sciences Po Urban School. His research deals with urban governance (research project WHIG: what is governed and not governed in large metropolis), inequalities, class and mobility, comparative urban studies. Publications include Globalising minds, roots in the city (with A. Andreotti and J. Moreno Fuentes: Wiley, 2015), Reconfigurating European states in crises, (ed. with Desmond King: Oxford University Press, 2017), Gobernando la ciudad de Mexico (with V. Ugalde: Forthcoming), and Les contradictions du Grand Paris, (Presses de Sciences Po: Forthcoming).
David J. Madden teaches in the Sociology Department and the Cities Programme at the London School of Economics and Political Science. His work is focused on urban studies, housing, and social theory. He is co-author, with Peter Marcuse, of In Defense of Housing: The politics of crisis (Verso, 2016).[Page xx]
Alice Mah is Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Warwick and Principal Investigator of the European Research Council-funded project ‘Toxic Expertise: Environmental Justice and the Global Petrochemical Industry'. Her research interests lie at the intersection of urban and environmental sociology, political economy, and science and technology studies. She is the author of Industrial Ruination, Community, and Place (University of Toronto Press, 2012) and Port Cities and Global Legacies (Palgrave Macmillan, 2014).
William Mann is an architect, and is a director of Witherford Watson Mann Architects, London. Working from the scale of the building to that of the city, the studio's designs make the most of what is already there. They add judiciously to each place to maintain distinctiveness but transform the capacity for social exchange. Their best-known building, Astley Castle for the Landmark Trust, won the 2013 Royal Institute of British Architects Stirling Prize for its distinctive entwining of past and present. William has written on London's edge landscapes, the hybrid urbanism of Flanders, regeneration and social engineering, self-build, and buildings’ nicknames for Archis, Oase and other publications.
Colin McFarlane is Professor in Urban Geography at Durham University. His research examines the experience and politics of informal settlements, and has included work in several cities, especially Mumbai and, more recently, Kampala. He is interested in the ways in which cities are composed, lived and politicised on the margins of global urbanism, reflected in books and papers on urban informality, infrastructure, learning, densities, and smart cities.
Rahul Mehrotra is an architect, urbanist and educator, and is the Founder Principal of RMA Architects and Professor of Urban Design and Planning and Chair of the Department of Urban Planning and Design at Harvard University's Graduate School of Design. Mehrotra has written and lectured extensively on issues to do with architecture, conservation and urban planning in Mumbai and India. He has designed projects that range from interior design and architecture to urban design, conservation and planning, engaging diverse issues, multiple constituencies and varying scales.
Sarah Nuttall is Professor of Literature and Cultural Studies and Director of WISER (Wits Institute for Social and Economic Research) in Johannesburg, South Africa. She is the author of Entanglement: Literary and Cultural Reflections on Postapartheid, editor of Beautiful/Ugly: African and Diaspora Aesthetics, and co-editor of many books including Negotiating the Past: The Making of Memory in South Africa, Johannesburg: The Elusive Metropolis and Loadshedding: Writing On and Over the Edge of South Africa. For five years she has directed WiSER, the largest and most established humanities institute across the global South. In 2016 she was an Oppenheimer Fellow at the DuBois Institute at Harvard University.
Susan Parnell is Professor of Urban Geography and co-founder of the African Centre for Cities at the University of Cape Town. She is currently Visiting Professor at LSECities. Her work is focussed on issues of urban change at the local, national and global scale.
Edgar Pieterse is founding director of the African Centre for Cities (ACC) at the University of Cape Town and holder of the DST/NRF South African Research Chair in [Page xxi]Urban Policy. His research and teaching gravitates around urban development politics, everyday culture, publics, radical social economies, responsive design and adaptive governance systems. He is consulting editor for Cityscapes – an international biannual magazine on urbanism in the global South. Edgar is co-author with AbdouMaliq Simone of: New Urban Worlds: Inhabiting Dissonant Times (2017) and recent co-edited books include: African Cities Reader III: Land, Property & Value (2015), Africa's Urban Revolution (2014) and Rogue Urbanism: Emergent African Cities (2013)
Wendy Pullan is Professor of Architecture and Urban Studies in the Department of Architecture at the University of Cambridge. Her recent publications include: Locating Urban Conflicts (co-edited 2013) and The Struggle for Jerusalem's Holy Places (co-authored 2013). She is Director of the Centre for Urban Conflicts Research at Cambridge.
Victoria Redclift is a Senior Lecturer in Sociology at the University of Surrey, where she works on the sociology of ‘race', ethnicity and migration with a particular focus on citizenship and political exclusion. She is the author of Statelessness and Citizenship: Camps and the Creation of ‘Political Space' (Routledge, 2013), which was shortlisted for the BSA Phillip Abrams Memorial Prize in 2014, as well as New Racial Landscapes: Contemporary Britain and the Neoliberal Conjuncture (Routledge, 2014 – with Malcolm James and Helen Kim). She won a Phillip Leverhulme Prize in 2014 and, along with an ESRC Future Research Leaders Grant for 2015, is currently conducting comparative research into experiences of citizenship among Bangladesh-origin Muslims in London, Birmingham and Los Angeles.
Jennifer Robinson is Professor of Human Geography and Co-Director of the Urban Laboratory at UCL. She is author of Ordinary Cities (Routledge, 2006), which offers a critique of urban studies from the point of view of cities in poorer countries. Her work challenges the conventional divide between western and ‘Third world’ cities, and argues for a truly cosmopolitan approach to understanding cities. Her empirical research has been focused on South Africa, including studies of segregation and state power, and the politics of urban development. She currently works on methodologies for comparative international urban research, and on a comparative research project on city strategies and the circulation of urban policy.
Ananya Roy is Professor of Urban Planning, Social Welfare, and Geography and inaugural Director of the Institute on Inequality and Democracy at UCLA Luskin. She holds The Meyer and Renee Luskin Chair in Inequality and Democracy. Previously she was on the faculty at the University of California, Berkeley. Ananya's research and scholarship has a determined focus on poverty and inequality and lies in four domains: how the urban poor in cities from Kolkata to Chicago face and fight eviction, foreclosure, and displacement; how global financialization, working in varied realms from microfinance to real-estate speculation, creates new markets in debt and risk; how the efforts to manage and govern the problem of poverty reveal the contradictions and limits of liberal democracy; how economic prosperity and aspiration in the global South is creating new potentialities for programs of human development and social welfare. Ananya is the recipient of several awards including the Paul Davidoff book award for Poverty Capital: Microfinance and the Making of Development (Routledge, 2010). Her most recent book is Encountering Poverty: Thinking and Acting in an Unequal World (University of California Press, 2016).[Page xxii]
Saskia Sassen is the Robert S. Lynd Professor of Sociology at Columbia University and a Member of its Committee on Global Thought. She is a student of cities, immigration, and states in the world economy, with inequality, gendering and digitization as three key variables running though her work. She is the author of eight books and the editor or co-editor of three books. Together, her authored books are translated in over twenty languages.
Mike Savage is Martin White Professor of Sociology at the London School of Economics, where he is also co-Director of the International Inequalities Institute. He has long standing interests in urbanism, and its association with inequalities, and his recent books include ‘Social Class in the 21st Century.
Alex Schafran Ph.D is Lecturer in Geography at the University of Leeds. A planner by training, he holds an MA in Urban Planning from Hunter College (CUNY) and a Ph.D in City & Regional Planning from the University of California, Berkeley. His award-winning writing about planning, cities and regions has appeared in numerous professional and scholarly journals, including a forthcoming book from the University of California Press on segregation and foreclosure in the San Francisco Bay Area. Prior to pursuing an academic career, he worked for a decade as an organizer, advocate, policy analyst and planner for a variety of social justice organizations in New York and California. He is also currently Visiting Faculty at Sciences Po Bordeaux, at the Paris School of International Affairs, Sciences Po, Paris and Adjoint Assistant Professor of Planning at the University of Colorado-Denver.
Christian Schmid is a geographer, sociologist and urban researcher. He is Professor of Sociology at the Department of Architecture, ETH Zurich. Schmid has authored, co-authored, and co-edited numerous publications on theories of the urban and of space, on Henri Lefebvre, and on urban development. Together with architects Roger Diener, Jacques Herzog, Marcel Meili and Pierre de Meuron he co-authored the book “Switzerland: an urban portrait” a pioneering analysis of extended urbanization. He is currently collaborating with Neil Brenner on a long-term project on planetary urbanization, and he leads a project on the comparison of urbanization processes in Tokyo, Pearl River Delta, Kolkata, Istanbul, Lagos, Paris, Mexico City and Los Angeles, which is based at the ETH Future Cities Laboratory Singapore.
Richard Sennett is Professor of Sociology at the London School of Economics and Political Sciences, and University Professor of the Humanities at New York University. His research interests include the relationship between urban design and urban society, urban family patterns, the urban welfare system, the history of cities and the changing nature of work. His books include The Craftsman (2008) The Culture of the New Capitalism, (Yale, 2006), Respect in an Age of Inequality, (Penguin, 2003), The Corrosion of Character (1998), The Fall of Public Man (1996), Flesh and Stone (1994).
AbdouMaliq Simone is an urbanist with particular interest in emerging forms of collective life across cities of the so-called Global South. He has worked across many different academic, administrative, research, policymaking, advocacy, and organizational contexts. Simone is presently Research Professor at the Max Planck Institute for the Study of [Page xxiii]Religious and Ethnic Diversity, Visiting Professor of Sociology, Goldsmiths College, University of London and Visiting Professor of Urban Studies at the African Centre for Cities, University of Cape Town. Key publications include, In Whose Image: Political Islam and Urban Practices in Sudan, University of Chicago Press, 1994, For the City Yet to Come: Urban Change in Four African Cities, Duke University Press, 2004, and City Life from Jakarta to Dakar: Movements at the Crossroads: Routledge, 2009, Jakarta: Drawing the City Near: University of Minnesota Press, 2014, and the forthcoming New Urban Worlds: Inhabiting Dissonant Times, Polity (with Edgar Pieterse).
Curtis Stone is a Foreign Expert, Editor for the English edition of People's Daily Online in Beijing, China. He is also a Research Support Assistant at the University of Chicago in Chicago, Illinois. His (co)authored works include Incorporating Civil Society: China's NGO Strategy (Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences, 2013) and China and Southeast Asia: Unbalanced Development in the Greater Mekong Subregion (The European Financial Review, 2013). He has written numerous articles on international relations and China-U.S. relations for People's Daily Online.
Alex Rhys-Taylor is a Senior Lecturer in the Sociology Department and deputy director of the Centre for Urban and Community Research at Goldsmiths, University of London.
Fran Tonkiss is Professor of Sociology at the London School of Economics and Political Science. Her work focuses on urban inequalities, urban development and design, social and spatial divisions in the city, and the socio-economic organisation of urban space. Her publications include Cities by Design: the social life of urban form (Polity, 2013) and Space, the City and Social Theory (Polity, 2005).
Eyal Weizman is an architect and Professor of Spatial and Visual Cultures and Director of the Centre for Research Architecture at Goldsmiths, University of London, and a Global Professor at Princeton University. In 2010 he set up the research agency Forensic Architecture (FA), an independent research agency based at Goldsmiths, to examine historic and contemporary forensic practices in relation to articulations of public truth. His books include The Conflict Shoreline (Steidl and Cabinet, 2015), Mengele's Skull (Sternberg, 2012), The Least of all Possible Evils (Verso, 2011), and Hollow Land (Verso, 2007).
Austin Zeiderman is an anthropologist and Assistant Professor in the Department of Geography and Environment at the London School of Economics and Political Science. He is an interdisciplinary scholar who specializes in the cultural and political dimensions of cities and the environment, with a specific focus on Latin America. His book, Endangered City: The Politics of Security and Risk in Bogotá (2016, Duke UP), focuses on how security and risk shape the relationship between citizens and the state in the self-built settlements of the urban periphery. Aspects of Austin's research have also appeared in a range of venues, such as Antipode, Environment and Planning A, Public Culture, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, American Ethnologist, openDemocracy, and the Guardian.
Publisher's Acknowledgements[Page xxiv]
Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce or adapt material in this book:
Chapter 4 adapted from: Neil Brenner and Christian Schmid, ‘Towards a new epistemology of the urban?', CITY, 19, 2–3 (2015): 151–182. © Neil Brenner and Christian Schmid, 2015.
Chapter 7 reprinted from: Matthew Desmond, ‘Eviction and the Reproduction of Urban Poverty', AJS Volume 118 Number 1 (July 2012): 88–133. © 2012 by The University of Chicago. All rights reserved.
Chapter 9 reprinted from: Alex Schafran, ‘Origins of an Urban Crisis: The Restructuring of the San Francisco Bay Area and the Geography of Foreclosure', International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Volume 37.2 (March 2013): 663–88. © 2012 Urban Research Publications Limited. Published by Blackwell Publishing. Reprinted with permission.
Chapter 14 adapted from: D. Asher Ghertner, ‘Calculating without numbers: aesthetic governmentality in Delhi's slums', Economy and Society 39:2 (2010), 185–217. © 2010 Taylor & Francis Ltd.
Chapter 16 reprinted from: Amita Baviskar, ‘What the Eye Does Not See: River Yamuna in the Imagination of Delhi', Economic and Political Weekly (Review of Urban Affairs). 46 (50) (2011): 45–53. © Amita Baviskar, 2011.
Chapter 17 adapted from: Austin Zeiderman, ‘Living Dangerously: Biopolitics and Urban Citizenship in Bogotá, Colombia', American Ethnologist, 40 (1): 71–87. © 2013 American Anthropological Association
Chapter 22 adapted from: Colin McFarlane, ‘Assembling the Everyday', Chapter 2 in Learning the City: Knowledge and Translocal Assemblage. Wiley-Blackwell: Chichester, UK, 2011, pp. 32–59. © Colin McFarlane, 2011
Chapter 28 reprinted from: Alex Rhys-Taylor, ‘The essences of multiculture: a sensory exploration of an inner-city street market', Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power, Volume 20, Issue 4: Ethnography, Diversity and Urban Space (2013): 393–406. © 2013 Taylor & Francis Ltd. Reprinted with permission.
Chapter 32 adapted from: Richard Sennett, ‘The Public Ream', Commissioned by the BMW Herbert Quant Foundation. © 2008 Richard Sennett.
Chapter 34 reprinted from: Lindsay Bremner, ‘Towards a minor global architecture at Lamu, Kenya', Social Dynamics: A Journal of African Studies, Volume 39, Issue 3 (2013) 397–413. © 2013 Taylor & Francis Ltd. Reprinted with permission.
Chapter 35 adapted from: Eyal Weizman, Forensic Architecture: Violence at the threshold of detectability. MIT Press: Cambridge, MA. © 2017 Eyal Weizman.