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Survey Standards
Survey standards
Tom W. Smith

First, there are informal common or customary practices. For example, in the field of survey research (as well as in many other disciplines), the general norm is to accept probabilities of 0.05 or smaller as ‘statistically significant’ and thus scientifically creditable. As far as I know, this rule is not codified in any general, formal standards, but it is widely taught in university courses and applied by peer reviewers, editors, and others at journals, publishers, funding agencies, etc. (Cowles and Davis, 1982). Other examples are the use of null hypotheses and including literature reviews in research articles (Smith, 2005).

Second, standards are adopted by professional and trade associations.1 These may apply only to members (often with agreement ...

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