• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Survey Methodology is becoming a more structured field of research, deserving of more and more academic attention. The SAGE Handbook of Survey Methodology explores both the increasingly scientific endeavour of surveys and their growing complexity, as different data collection modes and information sources are combined. The handbook takes a global approach, with a team of international experts looking at local and national specificities, as well as problems of cross-national, comparative survey research. The chapters are organized into seven major sections, each of which represents a stage in the survey life-cycle: Surveys and Societies Planning a Survey Measurement Sampling Data Collection Preparing Data for Use Assessing and Improving Data Quality The SAGE Handbook of Survey Methodology is a landmark and essential tool for any scholar within ...

Chapter 40: Data Preservation, Secondary Analysis, and Replication: Learning from Existing Data

Data Preservation, Secondary Analysis, and Replication: Learning from Existing Data
Data preservation, secondary analysis, and replication: learning from existing data
Lynette HoelterAmy PientaJared Lyle
BACKGROUND: DATA ACCESS AND RESEARCH TRANSPARENCY AS SCIENTIFIC VALUES

Merton (1973) proposed that the behaviors of scientists converge around four norms or ideals: communality, universalism, disinterestedness, and organized skepticism. The first norm, communality, is a behavioral ideal where scientists share ownership of the scientific method and their findings. A contemporary outgrowth of this earlier writing has been an emphasis in the scholarly literature and public sphere on ensuring research transparency, which includes the sharing of results and also the research data underlying those results in a timely fashion (for example, the American Association for Public Opinion Research's Transparency Initiative). The counter norm of ...

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