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Lynette Hoelter, Amy Pienta & Jared Lyle

In: The SAGE Handbook of Survey Methodology

Chapter 40: Data Preservation, Secondary Analysis, and Replication: Learning from Existing Data

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Data Preservation, Secondary Analysis, and Replication: Learning from Existing Data
Data preservation, secondary analysis, and replication: learning from existing data
Lynette HoelterAmy PientaJared Lyle
BACKGROUND: DATA ACCESS AND RESEARCH TRANSPARENCY AS SCIENTIFIC VALUES

Merton (1973) proposed that the behaviors of scientists converge around four norms or ideals: communality, universalism, disinterestedness, and organized skepticism. The first norm, communality, is a behavioral ideal where scientists share ownership of the scientific method and their findings. A contemporary outgrowth of this earlier writing has been an emphasis in the scholarly literature and public sphere on ensuring research transparency, which includes the sharing of results and also the research data underlying those results in a timely fashion (for example, the American Association for Public Opinion Research's Transparency Initiative). The counter norm of ...

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