Comparing societies across time or space is an important research approach in the social sciences. This approach allows studying how the collective context, such as economic conditions, laws, educational systems or welfare state institutions, shapes the values, attitudes, behaviors and life chances of individuals. Obviously, the validity of this kind of research depends on the quality of the underlying data. If data are gathered using a survey, than sampling, survey mode, question wording, translation, field-work practice or coding all affect the quality and comparability of the resulting data (some of these issues are discussed in Chapters 4, 12, 19, 20 and 23 in this ...
Harmonizing Survey Questions Between Cultures and Over Time
Harmonizing survey questions between cultures and over time