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Stephanie Eckman & Brady T. West

In: The SAGE Handbook of Survey Methodology

Chapter 31: Analysis of Data from Stratified and Clustered Surveys

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Analysis of Data from Stratified and Clustered Surveys
Analysis of data from stratified and clustered surveys
Stephanie EckmanBrady T. West
INTRODUCTION

The data analysis techniques often taught in introductory statistics courses rely on the assumption that the data come from a simple random sample. However, many of the data sets that we use are based on samples that include stratification and/or cluster sampling. In addition, the cases may have unequal weights due to sample selection or adjustment for nonresponse and undercoverage. Data from such complex samples cannot be analyzed in quite the same way as data from simple random samples.

This chapter discusses how these sample design elements affect estimates and provides some guidance on how to do proper analyses accounting for complex sample designs. At all points ...

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